The opinion of the court was delivered by: Kendall J. Newman United States Magistrate Judge
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
All of the plaintiffs in this case are proceeding without counsel. Three of the plaintiffs in this case-Joy Winters, Clark Winters, and Jill Winters-are minors who are not represented by an attorney or attorneys. On September 24, 2009, United States Magistrate Judge Edmund F. Brennan, who previously presided over this case, ordered that "[a]ll references to the minor plaintiffs are stricken from plaintiffs' Third Amended Complaint" because those minor plaintiffs were not represented by an attorney or attorneys. (See Order, Sept. 24, 2009, Dkt. No. 68.) Magistrate Judge Brennan subsequently denied plaintiffs' motion for reconsideration of the September 24, 2009 order. (See Order, Nov. 13, 2009, Dkt. No. 89.)
Although all references to the minor plaintiffs in the Third Amended Complaint have been stricken-and thus for all intents and purposes the minor plaintiffs have been dismissed from this action-the presence of those minor plaintiffs on the court's docket has caused confusion among the parties in regards to service of documents and attempts to seek stipulations. Thus, the undersigned recommends that the minor plaintiffs in this action be dismissed without prejudice for failure to be represented by counsel.
As the court has repeatedly stated in this action, the other pro se parties in this case, including the minor plaintiffs' parents, may not pursue claims on behalf of the minor plaintiffs. The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has plainly held that "a parent or guardian cannot bring an action on behalf of a minor child without retaining a lawyer."*fn1 Johns v. County of San Diego, 114 F.3d 874, 877 (9th Cir. 1997); accord Lin v. Ashcroft, 377 F.3d 1014, 1025 (9th Cir. 2004). The rationale for this rule is a protective one, and the Court of Appeals has stated that where minors "have claims that require adjudication, they are entitled to trained legal assistance so their rights may be fully protected." Johns, 114 F.3d at 877 (citation and internal quotation marks omitted).
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that minor plaintiffs Joy Winters, Clark Winters, and Jill Winters be dismissed from this case without prejudice.
These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within fourteen days after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Id.; see also E. Dist. Local Rule 304(b). Such a document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Any response to the objections shall be filed with the court and served on all parties within fourteen days after service of the objections. E. Dist. Local Rule 304(d). Failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Turner v. Duncan, 158 F.3d 449, 455 (9th Cir. 1998); Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153, 1156-57 (9th Cir. 1991).