IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
January 5, 2011
DUANE W. JAMES, PETITIONER,
STATE OF CALIFORNIA PAROLE BOARD, RESPONDENT.
Petitioner, a state prisoner proceeding without counsel, seeks a writ of habeas corpus. See 28 U.S.C. § 2254.
Petitioner seeks leave to proceed in forma pauperis. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). Examination of the in forma pauperis affidavit reveals that petitioner is unable to afford the costs of suit. Therefore, the request is granted. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a).
A judge "entertaining an application for a writ of habeas corpus shall forthwith award the writ or issue an order directing the respondent to show cause why the writ should not be granted, unless it appears from the application that the applicant or person detained is not entitled thereto." 28 U.S.C. § 2243. It appears on the face of the petition that petitioner has failed to exhaust state court remedies as to his challenge to the sentence imposed upon him in January of 2010 by the Sacramento County Superior Court, for possession of cocaine.
The exhaustion of state court remedies is a prerequisite to the
granting of a petition for writ of habeas corpus. 28 U.S.C. §
2254(b)(1). If exhaustion is to be waived, it must be waived
explicitly by respondent's counsel. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(3).*fn1
A waiver of exhaustion, thus, may not be implied or inferred.
Exhaustion of state remedies requires that petitioners fairly present
federal claims to the highest state court, either on direct appeal or
through state collateral proceedings, in order to give the highest
state court "the opportunity to pass upon and correct alleged
violations of its prisoners' federal rights." Duncan v. Henry, 513
U.S. 364, 365 (1995) (some internal quotations omitted).
After reviewing the petition for habeas corpus, the court finds that petitioner has failed to exhaust state court remedies. Petitioner concedes that he has not sought review of his conviction by any other court. Pet. at 3-4. Petitioner states that he did not seek review by any other court because his lawyer "did not respond to appeal requests," and petitioner "did not know how to appeal [his] sentence." Id. at 7. Petitioner claims further that he was "not aware that [he] was allowed to exhaust state remedies, [and] did not understand this process." Id. at 8. Thus, it appears that petitioner's claims have not been presented to the California Supreme Court. Further, there is no allegation that state court remedies are no longer available to petitioner.
Accordingly, it is ORDERED that:
1. Petitioner's request for leave to proceed in forma pauperis is granted; and //// //// //// //// //// ////
2. Petitioner shall, within 30 days of the date this order is served, demonstrate that he has presented his claims to the California Supreme Court or that state remedies are no longer available. Petitioner's failure to comply with this order will result in a dismissal upon the ground that petitioner has failed to exhaust state remedies.