UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
January 20, 2011
RAMON CARDENAS RIVERA, PLAINTIFF,
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE,
COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Robert N. Block United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER AFFIRMING DECISION OF COMMISSIONER
The Court now rules as follows with respect to the one disputed issue listed in the Joint Stipulation.*fn1
Preliminarily, the Court notes that, although plaintiff framed the sole disputed issue as whether the Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ") properly assessed his Residual Functional Capacity ("RFC") (see Jt Stip at 4), what plaintiff really is contending is that, based on the RFC questionnaire form from one of plaintiff's treating doctors that plaintiff submitted to the Appeals Council after the ALJ had issued his decision, "the Appeals Council abused its discretion in failing to remand for a change in the weight of the evidence" (see Jt Stip at 5). The Court disagrees.
The Appeals Council has an obligation to provide "specific and legitimate reasons" for rejecting the medical opinion of a treating or examining physician only when it reviews or is required to review the case. See Ramirez v. Shalala, 8 F.3d 1449, 1451-54 (9th Cir.1993) (requiring the Appeals Council to provide specific and legitimate reasons only after recognizing that the Appeals Council considered the case on the merits). In this case, the Appeals Council declined to grant plaintiff's request for review. (See AR 1.)
The Commissioner's regulations provide:
"If new and material evidence is submitted, the Appeals Council shall consider the additional evidence only where it relates to the period on or before the date of the administrative law judge hearing decision. The Appeals Council shall evaluate the entire record including the new and material evidence submitted if it relates to the period on or before the date of the administrative law judge hearing decision. It will then review the case if it finds that the administrative law judge's action, findings, or conclusion is contrary to the weight of the evidence currently of record."
20 C.F.R. §§ 404.970(b), 416.1470(b).
Accordingly, where the claimant is seeking review based on evidence not presented to the ALJ, the Appeals Council must only provide such review when the submitted evidence: (1) is new, (2) is material, and (3) relates to the period on or before the date of the ALJ hearing decision. See Ramirez, 8 F.3d at 1452 (relying on 20 C.F.R. § 404.970(b)).
Here, the RFC questionnaire form from Dr. Jeng dated March 13, 2009 (see AR 361-62) was "new" and did purport to relate to the period in question. However, the questions remains whether it was "material."
Evidence is material only where it creates a reasonable possibility that the outcome of the case would change. See Booz v. Sec'y of Health & Human Servs., 734 F.2d 1378, 1380-81 (9th Cir.1984). The RFC questionnaire form from Dr. Jeng was prepared after the ALJ's decision, and therefore is less persuasive than the contemporaneous medical evidence of record from plaintiff's treating physicians, none of whom had opined that plaintiff was temporarily or permanently disabled.*fn2
See Macri v. Chater, 93 F.3d 540, 544 (9th Cir. 1996); Weetman v. Sullivan, 877 F.2d 20, 23 (9th Cir. 1989). Moreover, the RFC questionnaire form from Dr. Jeng is a check-off form that provides no indication as to how the conclusions relate to any examination by Dr. Jeng of plaintiff. The law is well established in this Circuit that the Commissioner need not accept a treating physician's opinion that is brief, conclusory, and inadequately supported by clinical findings. See, e.g., Batson v. Commissioner of Social Security Administration, 359 F.3d 1190, 1195 (9th Cir. 2004); Thomas v. Barnhart, 278 F.3d 947, 957 (9th Cir. 2002); Magallanes v. Bowen, 881 F.2d 747, 751 (9th Cir.1989); see also Crane v. Shalala, 76 F.3d 251, 253 (9th Cir. 1996) (holding that an ALJ may reject check-off forms that do not contain an explanation of the bases for their conclusions). Finally, the RFC questionnaire form from Dr. Jeng was wholly inconsistent with plaintiff's administrative hearing testimony regarding his daily activities. For example, plaintiff testified at the October 8, 2008 hearing that he was hardly ever at home, and spent up to four hours walking each day. (See AR 45.) Yet, without any indication in the medical record that plaintiff's condition had significantly worsened in the five-month period between October 8, 2008 and March 13, 2009, Dr. Jeng opined that plaintiff was only capable of walking for 1/2 hour or less at a time and only capable of walking one hour during an entire 8-hour day. (See AR 361.) Plaintiff also testified that he was capable of performing housecleaning and cooking, and shopping at the food market. (See AR 43.) Yet, Dr. Jeng's opined that plaintiff was incapable of using either hand for simple grasping, or pushing and pulling. (See AR 361.)
For the foregoing reasons, the Court finds that the RFC questionnaire form from Dr. Jeng was not material. See Bates v. Sullivan, 894 F.2d 1059, 1064 (9th Cir. 1990) (sustaining the Appeals Council's denial of review where new evidence was "not consistent" with the record), overruled on other grounds, Bunnell v. Sullivan, 947 F.2d 341, 342 (9th Cir. 1991) (en banc).
IT THEREFORE IS ORDERED that Judgment be entered affirming the decision of the Commissioner and dismissing this action with prejudice.