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United States of America v. Stephen J. Lindsey

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT


January 21, 2011

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PLAINTIFF - APPELLEE,
v.
STEPHEN J. LINDSEY, AN INDIVIDUAL, AND AS CO-TRUSTEE OF LINDSEY FAMILY REVOCABLE TRUST AND PATRICIA L. LINDSEY, DEFENDANTS - APPELLANTS, AND LINDSEY FAMILY REVOCABLE TRUST, DATED SEPTEMBER 8, 1989, A CALIFORNIA TRUST; ET AL., DEFENDANTS.

D.C. No. 8:06-cv-00476-DOCRNB Appeal from the United States District Court for the Central District of California David O. Carter, District Judge, Presiding

FILED

NOT FOR PUBLICATION

MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS

MEMORANDUM*fn1

Submitted January 10, 2011*fn2

Before: BEEZER, TALLMAN, and CALLAHAN, Circuit Judges.

Defendants Stephen J. Lindsey and Patricia L. Lindsey appeal pro se from various district court orders, including the district court's orders denying the Lindseys' motion for recusal and motion to set aside the clerk's entry of default, and granting the government's motion for default judgment. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S. C. § 1291. We review for an abuse of discretion the denial of a motion to set aside an entry of default, Franchise Holding II, LLC v. Huntington Rests. Group, Inc., 375 F.3d 922, 925 (9th Cir. 2004), and the denial of a motion to disqualify or recuse a judge, Pesnell v. Arsenault, 543 F.3d 1038, 1043 (9th Cir. 2008). We affirm.

Contrary to the Lindseys' contention, the district court had subject matter jurisdiction over this proceeding. See 26 U.S.C. §§ 7402(a), 7403; 28 U.S.C. §§ 1340, 1345.

The district court did not abuse its discretion in denying the Lindseys' motion to set aside the clerk's entry of default because the purported "new evidence" relied upon by the Lindseys did not provide "good cause" for setting aside the entry of default. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(c); Franchise Holding II, LLC, 375 F.3d at 925-26 (discussing the factors for establishing good cause).

The district court did not abuse its discretion in denying the Lindseys' motion for recusal because the Lindseys failed to set forth facts demonstrating that the judge had a personal bias or prejudice that stemmed from an extra-judicial source and that was not based solely on information gained in the course of the proceedings. See 28 U.S.C. § 455(b)(1) (a judge must disqualify himself if he has a personal bias or prejudice); Hasbrouck v. Texaco, Inc., 842 F.2d 1034, 1045-46 (9th Cir. 1987) ("The bias must stem from an extra-judicial source and not be based solely on information gained in the course of the proceedings.").

AFFIRMED.


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