The opinion of the court was delivered by: Garland E. Burrell, Jr. United States District Judge
On January 13, 2011, Defendants Bank of America, N.A. and BAC Home Loans Servicing, LP ("B of A Defendants") removed this case from the Superior Court of California in the County of Sacramento, under 28 U.S.C. § 1452(a). This section permits a party to remove "any claim or cause of action in a civil action . . . to the district court for the district where such civil action is pending, if such district court has jurisdiction of such claim or cause of action under [28 U.S.C. § 1334]."
28 U.S.C. § 1452(a). § 1334 prescribes that a district court has original jurisdiction "of all civil proceedings" that are "related to" bankruptcy cases. 28 U.S.C. § 1334(b). The B of A Defendants state in their Notice of Removal that removal was proper under § 1452(a) because an entity named American Home Mortgage Corporation, which is presently involved in a Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceeding in the District of Delaware, previously did business as American Brokers Conduit ("ABC"), a named defendant in this case. The B of A Defendants state since American Home Mortgage Corporation is involved in that ongoing bankruptcy proceeding, the instant case against ABC was appropriately removed because it is "related to" American Home Mortgage Corporation's bankruptcy proceeding under § 1334(b). (Notice of Removal ¶¶ 7-9.)
However, even when removal is proper under § 1452(a), § 1452(b) prescribes: "The court to which such claim or cause of action is removed may remand such claim or cause of action on any equitable ground." 28 U.S.C. § 1452(b). "Courts typically consider seven factors in determining whether to remand a . . . bankruptcy case on equitable grounds:"
(1) The effect of the action on the administration of the bankruptcy estate; (2) the extent to which issues of state law predominate; (3) the difficulty of applicable state law; (4) comity; (5) the relatedness or remoteness of the action to the bankruptcy estate; (6) the existence of a right to a jury trial; and (7) prejudice to the party involuntarily removed from state court.
Fed. Home Loan Bank of San Francisco v. Deutsche Bank Sec., Inc., 2010 WL 5394742 at *11 (N.D. Cal. Dec. 20, 2010).
The B of A Defendants state this case and American Home Mortgage Corporation's bankruptcy proceeding are related because "any finding of liability or judgment against ABC in this action will necessarily impact American Home Mortgage Corporation's liabilities and thus have an effect on the remaining assets of the bankruptcy estate." (Notice of Removal ¶ 9.) This conclusory statement does not provide sufficient information on whether resolution of any of Plaintiffs' claims may potentially impact a creditor's recovery in American Home Mortgage Corporation's bankruptcy proceeding, or could otherwise significantly hinder the efficient administration of that proceeding. Therefore, the effect of this case on the administration of the bankruptcy estate has not been shown to weigh against remand. Nor has it been shown that the relatedness of this case and the bankruptcy proceeding weigh against remand.
The B of A Defendants state Plaintiffs' complaint is comprised of eleven state claims: "deceit, actual fraud, constructive fraud, breach of fiduciary duty, aiding and abetting breach of fiduciary duty, civil conspiracy to defraud, negligence, violation of the California Business and Professions Code § 17200 et seq., declaratory judgment, violation of California Civil Code § 2923.5, and quieting of title." (Notice of Removal ¶ 3.) Since Plaintiffs' complaint is comprised solely of state claims, and it has not been shown that this case will have any effect on the bankruptcy proceeding, the state law predomination factor weighs in favor of remand.
The comity factor "'focuses on the state's interest in developing its law and applying its law'" to its residents. In re Adelphia Commc'ns Corp., 285 B.R. 127, 146 (S.D.N.Y. Nov. 8, 2002) (quoting Renaissance Cosmetics, Inc. v. Dev. Specialists Inc., 277 B.R. 5, 16 (S.D.N.Y. Jan. 14, 2002)). Plaintiffs allege they reside in California, and that this case involves loan transactions concerning real property located in California. Therefore, "[c]omity dictates that California courts should have the right to adjudicate the exclusively state law claims involving California-centric plaintiffs and California-centric transactions." Parke v. Cardsystems Solutions, Inc., 2006 WL 2917604, at *5 (N.D. Cal. Oct. 11, 2006).
On balance, these factors weigh in favor of remand under § 1452(b). Therefore, this case is remanded to the Superior Court of California in the County of Sacramento.
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