The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gary S. Austin United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF'S MOTION FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION
(Doc. 28; also Doc. 31 Resolved.)
Plaintiff, Lawrence L. Marsh ("Plaintiff"), is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis with this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff filed the Complaint commencing this action on July 17, 2009. (Doc. 1.) On August 19, 2009, Plaintiff consented to the jurisdiction of a United States Magistrate Judge, and no other party has appeared in this action. (Doc. 5.) Therefore, pursuant to Appendix A(k)(4) of the Local Rules of the Eastern District of California, the undersigned shall conduct any and all proceedings in the case until such time as reassignment to a District Judge is required. Local Rule Appendix A(k)(3).
On January 6, 2010, Plaintiff filed the First Amended Complaint. (Doc. 16.) On February 3, 2010, Plaintiff filed a motion to amend the complaint, which was granted by the Court on February 17, 2010. (Docs. 18, 20.) On April 30, 2010, Plaintiff filed the Second Amended Complaint, against numerous defendants employed at Pleasant Valley State Prison ("PVSP") in Coalinga, California and the California Correctional Institution ("CCI") in Tehachapi, California. (Doc. 25.) Plaintiff brings claims for violation of his constitutional rights including deliberate indifference, retaliation, improper classification, equal protection violations, inadequate medical care, religious restrictions, due process violations, excessive force, deprivation of outside exercise, failure to protect, and violations of the Americans with Disabilities Act. (Id.)
On July 2, 2010, Plaintiff filed a motion for preliminary injunction, which is now before the Court.*fn1 (Doc. 28.)
II. PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION
"A preliminary injunction is an extraordinary remedy never awarded as of right." Winter v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 129 S.Ct. 365, 376 (2008) (citation omitted). "A plaintiff seeking a preliminary injunction must establish that he is likely to succeed on the merits, that he is likely to suffer irreparable harm in the absence of preliminary relief, that the balance of equities tips in his favor, and that an injunction is in the public interest." Id. at 374 (citations omitted). An injunction may only be awarded upon a clear showing that the plaintiff is entitled to relief. Id. at 376 (citation omitted) (emphasis added).
Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction and in considering a request for preliminary injunctive relief, the Court is bound by the requirement that as a preliminary matter, it have before it an actual case or controversy. City of Los Angeles v. Lyons, 461 U.S. 95, 102, 103 S.Ct. 1660, 1665 (1983); Valley Forge Christian Coll. v. Ams. United for Separation of Church and State, Inc., 454 U.S. 464, 471, 102 S.Ct. 752, 757-58 (1982). If the Court does not have an actual case or controversy before it, it has no power to hear the matter in question. Id. Requests for prospective relief are further limited by 18 U.S.C. § 3626(a)(1)(A) of the Prison Litigation Reform Act, which requires that the Court find the "relief [sought] is narrowly drawn, extends no further than necessary to correct the violation of the Federal right, and is the least intrusive means necessary to correct the violation of the Federal right."
Plaintiff has requested a court order prohibiting the defendants, or
their agents, from "doing harmful and unconstitutional things" to
Plaintiff, and requiring defendants "to act in a way that will prevent
them from continuing to violate [P]laintiff's rights." (Motion, Doc.
28 at p. 27.) The defendants in this action are employees at PVSP and
CCI. According to Plaintiff's address of record at the Court,
Plaintiff is now housed at Corcoran State Prison ("CSP").*fn2
Because Plaintiff is no longer subjected to the actions of
employees at PVSP or CCI, his motion for a court order prohibiting
those employees' actions is moot.
Further, the order requested by Plaintiff would not remedy any of the claims upon which this action proceeds. This action is proceeding against defendants based on events occurring in 2008 and 2009. Plaintiff now requests a court order protecting him from present and future actions by defendants. Because such an order would not remedy any of the claims upon which this action proceeds, the court lacks jurisdiction to issue the order sought by Plaintiff, and Plaintiff's motion must be denied.
Moreover, "[A] federal court may [only] issue an injunction if it has personal jurisdiction over the parties and subject matter jurisdiction over the claim; it may not attempt to determine the rights of persons not before the court." Zepeda v. United States Immigration Service, 753 F.2d 719, 727 (9th Cir. 1985) (emphasis added). Because none of the defendants have appeared in this action, the Court does not have jurisdiction to issue an order prohibiting them from acting against Plaintiff.
Based on the foregoing, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff's motion for preliminary injunction, ...