IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
January 28, 2011
JEFFREY J. BIGGS, PETITIONER,
GOVERNOR SCHWARZENEGGER, ET AL., RESPONDENTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Kendall J. Newman United States Magistrate Judge
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Petitioner is a former state prisoner proceeding through counsel with a petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. In the August 27, 2007 amended petition, petitioner challenges the Governor's 2006 reversal of the Board's 2005 grant of parole. On September 22, 2010, respondents filed a motion to dismiss this action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254, Rule 4, on the ground that it has become moot because petitioner has been paroled. Petitioner's counsel has not opposed the motion.
Under Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases, the court must conduct a preliminary review of § 2254 habeas petitions and dismiss any petition where it plainly appears that petitioner is not entitled to relief in this court.
A case or controversy must exist throughout all stages of litigation. Spencer v. Kemna, 523 U.S. 1, 7 (1998) (citation omitted). If at any time during the course of litigation a plaintiff ceases to suffer, or be threatened with, "an actual injury [that is] traceable to the defendant," and that is "likely to be redressed by a favorable judicial decision," the matter is moot. Spencer, 523 U.S. at 7.
An exception to the mootness doctrine applies to claims that are "capable of repetition, yet evading review." Spencer, 523 U.S. at 17. To invoke this exception, a plaintiff must make two showings: "(1) the challenged action was in its duration too short to be fully litigated prior to its cessation or expiration; and (2) there [is] a reasonable expectation that the same complaining party will be subjected to the same action again." First Nat'l Bank of Boston v. Bellotti, 435 U.S. 765, 774 (1978) (citation omitted); see also Dilley v. Gunn, 64 F.3d 1365, 1368-69 (9th Cir. 1995). "A mere speculative possibility of repetition is not sufficient. There must be a cognizable danger, a reasonable expectation, of recurrence for the repetition branch of the mootness exception to be satisfied." Williams v. Alioto, 549 F.2d 136, 143 (9th Cir. 1977).
Where a petitioner challenges the denial of parole but is later paroled, the claim is moot. See Brady v. U.S. Parole Comm'n, 600 F.2d 234, 236 (9th Cir. 1979); see also Fletcher v. U.S. Parole Comm'n, 550 F.Supp.2d 30, 44 (D. D.C. 2008) ("[W]hen a prisoner seeking injunctive or declaratory relief challenges his parole eligibility date but is subsequently released on parole, his claims are moot unless he alleges continuing adverse consequences from the challenged parole records.") "Overwhelmingly, the rule followed by both California and federal courts is to deny a pending habeas petition as moot if the petitioner is released from prison, and § 3000.1*fn1 is applicable to his or her case." Rios v. Mendoza -Powers, 2010 WL 1032696 (E.D. Cal. 2010) (citation omitted).
Respondents have provided evidence that petitioner has been paroled (dkt. no. 40-1 at 2), and argues this case should be dismissed as moot. Petitioner has failed to: (a) rebut the evidence that petitioner has paroled, (b) provide legal authority to the contrary, or (c) allege an exception to the mootness doctrine or continuing adverse consequences.*fn2 Because petitioner has been paroled, the amended petition is moot. See also Burnett v. Lampert, 432 F.3d 996, 1000-01 (9th Cir. 2005) (a habeas petition becomes moot where the petitioner's injury cannot not be redressed by a favorable decision). Respondents' motion to dismiss should be granted.
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that respondents' September 22, 2010 motion to dismiss (dkt. no. 40) be granted.
These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within twenty-one days after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." If petitioner files objections, he shall also address whether a certificate of appealability should issue and, if so, why and as to which issues. A certificate of appealability may issue under 28 U.S.C. § 2253 "only if the applicant has made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right." 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(3). Any response to the objections shall be filed and served within fourteen days after service of the objections. The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).