Plaintiffs Oluwaseun Fasugbe and Luke Huckaba brought this action against defendant 1524948 Alberta Ltd. d/b/a Terra Marketing Group d/b/a Swipebids.com, alleging violations of California's False Advertising Law, Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code §§ 17500-17606, and other claims. Defendant is a seller of online auction currency and products. (Compl. ¶ 3.) Plaintiffs allege that 1524948 Alberta Ltd. operates under the names Terra Marketing Group and Swipebids.com. (Id. at 1:24.) Plaintiffs bring this action after having been charged allegedly unauthorized fees by Swipebids.com. (Id. ¶¶ 34-47.) Plaintiffs served defendant by serving Davinci Executive Suites in Utah. (Docket No. 13.) Defendant now moves to dismiss the Complaint pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(5) for insufficient service of process.
Federal courts cannot exercise personal jurisdiction over a defendant without proper service of process. Omni Capital Int'l, Ltd. v. Rudolf Wolff & Co., 484 U.S. 97, 104 (1987). Insufficient service can result in dismissal under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(5). To determine whether service of process was proper, courts look to the requirements of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 4. Rule 4(h) governs service over domestic and foreign corporations, and provides that a corporation may be served:
(1) in a judicial district of the United States:
(A) in the manner prescribed by Rule 4(e)(1) for serving an individual; or
(B) by delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint to an officer, a managing or general agent, or any other agent authorized by appointment or by law to receive service of process and--if the agent is one authorized by statute and the statute so requires--by also mailing a copy of each to the defendant; or
(2) at a place not within any judicial district of the United States, in any manner prescribed by Rule 4(f) for serving an individual, except personal delivery under
Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(h). Rule 4(e)(1), governing service of individuals, allows service by:
(1) following state law for serving a summons in an action brought in courts of general jurisdiction in the state where the district court is located or where service is made; or
(2) doing any of the following: (A) delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint to the individual personally;
(B) leaving a copy of each at the individual's dwelling or usual place of abode with someone of suitable age and discretion who resides there; or
(C) delivering a copy of each to an agent authorized by appointment or by law to receive service of process. Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(e)(1).
Plaintiffs have alleged that 1524948 Alberta Ltd. does business as Terra Marketing Group and as Swipebids.com (Compl. at 1:24), and defendant does not dispute that it owns and operates the Swipebids.com website and auction platform. (See Decl. of Benjamin H. Richman ¶ 2 (Docket No. 19-1).) Plaintiffs contend that Davinci was the registered agent of Swipebids.com for service in the state of Utah. They provide a listing of registered principals in Utah, the authenticity of which defendant has not disputed, listing Davinci Executive Suites as the registered agent for Swipebids.com. (Pls.' Response in Opp'n to Def.'s Mot. to Quash Service of Process Ex. 1-B.) The registration was performed by Sphere Media, which is apparently one of defendant's other names. (See ...