The opinion of the court was delivered by: Magistrate Judge Marc L. Goldman
And RELATED CROSS ACTIONS.
The parties have stipulated to a Protective Order as follows:
1. In the above-captioned action (the "Action"), the parties expect to exchange confidential and highly confidential information regarding their respective products that are the subject of this Action. The parties have stipulated to the entry of this protective order (the "Order") governing the exchange and use of confidential and highly confidential documents and information in discovery. This Order does not govern or restrict the use of any document or information (including information designated as "Confidential" or "Highly Confidential" under this Order) at trial in any manner whatsoever. When and if the case proceeds to trial, all of the documents and information to be used at trial will be presumptively available to all members of the public, including the press, unless sufficient cause is shown to the district judge in advance of the trial.
2. Further, this Order does not affect the burden of proof that must be met by a party seeking to protect confidential documents or information that is filed in the court records in this case. A party seeking to protect information to be filed in the public records must prove that the documents or information meets the standards set forth in Pintos v. Pacific Creditors Association, 565 F.3d 1106 (9th Cir. 2009) and other relevant authority. In meeting that burden, a party may not rely on its own designation of material as "Confidential" or "Highly Confidential" under this Order.
3. Nothing in this order shall impose any restrictions on the use or disclosure by a party of material obtained by such party independent of discovery in this action, whether or not such material is also obtained through discovery in this action, or from the use or disclosure of information that is publicly known. Further, nothing in this Order restricts the ability of any party to use or disclose its own confidential material as it deems appropriate.
4. In discovery in this trade mark case, the parties will be required to exchange competitively sensitive information about the opposing parties' business activities to which they and third parties would not otherwise have access, including information regarding the parties' forward-looking plans and strategies, and analyses of competitive markets. Allowing the parties or third parties to use such competitively sensitive information would cause harm to the competitive position of the disclosing party. The parties seek the entry of this Order to prevent the unauthorized use or dissemination of confidential information produced in discovery during this Action by competitors.
5. No document, information or thing shall be designated "Confidential" or "Highly Confidential" unless good cause exists for such designation under the standards set forth in Pintos v. Pacific Creditors Association, 565 F.3d 1106 (9th Cir. 2009) and other relevant authority. Good cause exists for the designation of information as "Highly Confidential" when the information has not been made public and falls into one of the following categories:
(a) confidential future business, marketing or sales plans, including specific business plans, strategies and projections, future marketing plans and strategies, future sales plans and strategies, forward-looking pricing strategies; the development of new product concepts, extensions of existing product lines, and other similar forward-looking information that is kept confidential by the party;
(b) specific financial information at a level of detail beyond that disclosed in sources available to the public;
(c) results of research, studies or other complex analyses that the parties expended money to develop or obtain and that would be useful to current or potential competitors. This category includes, among other things, consumer research studies that the parties commissioned at considerable expense from third parties, complex market analyses provided by third parties under contracts with non-disclosure clauses, and analyses of other competitors in the market;
(d) terms of contracts with the companies' suppliers or customers that could be used by current or potential competitors in their own negotiations with suppliers or customers;
(e) specific proprietary product formulas or proprietary manufacturing processes; or
(f) product concepts in development that have not been launched into the market.
6. Good cause exists for the designation of information as "Confidential" when the information has not been revealed to the public and the information falls into one of the following categories:
(a) the information is contained in a document or is presented in a form that, when analyzed in conjunction with other information produced in the Action, would reveal information in categories set forth in paragraph 5(a) to (f) above;
(b) private information about any officer, employee or other individual; or
(c) commercially sensitive information regarding the development, production, marketing, branding, sales or promotion of the entity's products or finances, the disclosure of which would have the effect of causing harm to the competitive position of the person or entity from which the information is obtained.
7. The parties shall use reasonable efforts to minimize the amount of material designated as "Confidential" or "Highly Confidential."
8. This Order applies to such "Confidential" and "Highly Confidential" information furnished in this litigation regardless of the form in which it is transmitted and regardless whether the information is furnished by a party or third party. Such information may be contained in documents, written discovery responses, declarations, deposition testimony, exhibits, and other materials or testimony provided by any party or third party during this Action. Such materials are collectively referred to as "Discovery Materials" in this Order.
C.PROCEDURE FOR DESIGNATION
9. "Designating Party" may designate Discovery Materials "Confidential" or "Highly Confidential" meeting the standards set forth in paragraphs 6 and 7 by taking the following actions:
(a) With respect to documents, discovery responses or other written materials furnished by the Designating Party in paper, as electronic images, or in any other form in which it is possible to add a legend to each page, the Designating Party may designate the material "Confidential" by stamping, inscribing or otherwise marking or designating on each page of a document containing Confidential Information the words "CONFIDENTIAL, SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE ORDER." The Designating Party may designate the material "Highly Confidential" by marking each page of the document with the words "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL-ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY, SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE ORDER." Documents produced as electronic images shall be marked in accordance with this paragraph 9(a).
(b) With respect to "Confidential" or "Highly Confidential Information" furnished by the Designating Party in a non-paper medium, including, without limitation, video or audio tape, computer discs, CD-ROMs, and DVDs, etc., the Designating Party may designate all information therein as "Confidential" or "Highly Confidential" by affixing the appropriate legend to the outside of the medium or container.
10. With respect to deposition testimony or other oral testimony to be recorded in a written transcript, the Designating Party may designate information as "Confidential" or "Highly Confidential" by making a statement on the record to that effect during the deposition or proceeding at issue. The court reporter shall separately bind the designated portion of the deposition transcript and all designated exhibits. The separately bound deposition material shall be marked in accordance with its designation, as either "CONFIDENTIAL, SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE ORDER" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL-ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY, SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE ORDER." Alternatively, the Designating Party may, within a reasonable time after the deposition transcript is delivered to the Designating Party, provide to all counsel written notice identifying the specific portion (by page and line numbers) that the Designating Party seeks to protect, and all parties to the litigation will mark the pages with the appropriate legends.
D.USE AND DISCLOSURE OF DESIGNATED MATERIAL
11. Information and materials designated "Confidential" or "Highly Confidential" shall be used only for prosecuting or defending this Action, except that a party may use its own "Confidential" or "Highly Confidential Information" for whatever purposes it chooses. A party using, disseminating or distributing "Confidential" or "Highly Confidential Information" for any purpose other than for use in connection with this Action may be subject to sanctions (including, without limitation, monetary, evidentiary or terminating sanctions, in the Court's discretion), as well as being potentially subject to any disciplinary or other applicable legal proceedings.
12. Information and materials designated "CONFIDENTIAL, SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE ORDER" may only be disclosed ...