The opinion of the court was delivered by: Margaret A. Nagle United States Magistrate Judge
PROTECTIVE ORDER ENTERED PURSUANT TO THE STIPULATION OF THE PARTIES
Pursuant to Rule 26(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and based on the parties'Stipulated Protective Order ("Stipulation"), filed onDecember 28, 2010, the terms of the protective order to which the parties have agreed are adopted as a protective order of this Court except to the extent, as set forth below, that those terms have been modified by the Court's amendment of Paragraphs 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 18, 19, 20, 24, and 25 of the Stipulation.
The parties are expressly cautioned that the designation of any information, document, or thing as "Confidential," or other designation(s) used by parties, does not, in and of itself, create any entitlement to file such information, document, or thing, in whole or in part, under seal. Accordingly, reference to this Order or to the parties' designation of any information, document, or thing as "Confidential," or other designation(s) used by parties, is wholly insufficient to warrant a filing under seal.
There is a strong presumption that the public has a right of access to judicial proceedings and records in civil cases. In connection with nondispositive motions, good cause must be shown to support a filing under seal. The parties' mere designation of any information, document, or thing as "Confidential," or other designation(s) used by parties, does not - without the submission of competent evidence, in the form of a declaration or declarations, establishing that the material sought to be filed under seal qualifies as confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable - constitute good cause.
Further, if sealing is requested in connection with a dispositive motion or trial, then compelling reasons, as opposed to good cause, for the sealing must be shown, and the relief sought shall be narrowly tailored to serve the specific interest to be protected. See Pintos v. Pacific Creditors Ass'n, 605 F.3d 665, 677-79 (9th Cir. 2010). For each item or type of information, document, or thing sought to be filed or introduced under seal in connection with a dispositive motion or trial, the party seeking protection must articulate compelling reasons, supported by specific facts and legal justification, for the requested sealing order. Again, competent evidence supporting the application to file documents under seal must be provided by declaration.
Any document that is not confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectible in its entirety will not be filed under seal if the confidential portions can be redacted. If documents can be redacted, then a redacted version for public viewing, omitting only the confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectible portions of the document, shall be filed. Any application that seeks to file documents under seal in their entirety should include an explanation of why redaction is not feasible.
TERMS OF PROTECTIVE ORDER
1. The following Protective Order ("Order") shall govern the handling of documents, depositions, deposition exhibits, interrogatory responses, admissions, and any other information produced, given or exchanged by and among the parties and any non-parties to this action (the "Litigation") in connection with discovery in the Litigation (such information hereinafter referred to as "Discovery Material").
2. Any party or non-party who provides or has provided information or material to any party in connection with this Litigation (a "Producing Party") may designate any Discovery Material as "Confidential" under the terms of this Order if the Producing Party believes in good faith that such Discovery Material contains non-public, confidential, proprietary, or commercially or personally sensitive information that requires the protections provided in this Order ("Confidential Discovery Material").
3. For purposes of this Order, information considered to be Confidential Discovery Material includes all non-public material, including responses to discovery requests and interrogatories and testimony adduced at deposition, containing information related to: information concerning the internal governance of the parties to this litigation; financial or business plans or projections; trade secrets or other commercially sensitive business or technical information; non-public billing information such as invoices; personal financial or medical information; or privileged, proprietary, or any other information a Producing Party believes to be commercially-sensitive or personal financial or medical information.
4. The designation by any Producing Party of Discovery Material as "Confidential" shall be made only after review by an attorney for the designating party based on a good faith belief that there is a valid basis for such designation.
5. Discovery Material, or information derived therefrom, shall be used solely for purposes of this Litigation and shall not be used for any other purpose, including, without limitation to, any other lawsuit, or any other business or commercial purpose.
6. The designation of Discovery Material as "Confidential" for purposes of this Order shall be made in the following manner by any Producing Party:
a. in the case of documents or other materials (apart from depositions or other pretrial testimony), by affixing the legend "Confidential" to each page containing any Confidential Discovery Material, provided that the failure to designate a document as "Confidential" does not constitute a waiver of such claim, and a Producing Party may so designate a document promptly after such document has been produced, with the effect that such document is subject to the protections of this Order; and
b. in the case of depositions or other pretrial testimony: (i) by a statement on the record, by counsel, at or before the conclusion of the deposition; or (ii) by written notice, sent by counsel to all parties within ten (10) days after the receipt of the transcript of the deposition or other pretrial testimony, provided that only those portions of the transcripts designated as "Confidential" shall be deemed Confidential Discovery Material. All depositions will be treated as Confidential until the expiration of the ten (10) day period. The parties may modify this procedure for any particular deposition, through agreement on the record at such deposition or in writing, without further order of the Court.
7. Except as specifically provided for in this or subsequent Court orders, Discovery Material designated "Confidential," or its contents, shall not be revealed, disclosed, or otherwise made known to ...