UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA SAN JOSE DIVISION
March 14, 2011
CITY OF SANTA CLARA, STEPHEN D. LODGE CHIEF OF SANTA CLARA POLICE
DEPARTMENT, JULIE FREITAS, T. CLARK, PAUL KOFMAN, EDWARD PETERSON, TROY BENSON, PHILAMON ZARAGOZA, DOES 1-5, ET AL.,
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Lucy H. Koh United States District Judge
United States District Court For the Northern District of California
ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANTS' MOTIONS TO DISMISS WITH PREJUDICE AND DISMISSING CASE (re: docket #66 and #68) 15
Defendants Troy Benson and Edward Peterson (collectively "County Defendants") have each 22 moved to dismiss the First Amended Complaint (FAC) on various grounds including failure to 23 state a claim, lack of subject matter jurisdiction, statute of limitations, and immunity. Plaintiff 24
Andrew Burnett, appearing pro se, did not oppose the motions to dismiss. The Court deems these 25 motions appropriate for resolution without oral argument. See Civ. L.R. 7-1(b). Good cause 26 appearing, Defendants' motions to dismiss are granted with prejudice. The March 17, 2011 motion 27 hearing is vacated.
Defendants City of Santa Clara, Chief of Police Stephen D. Lodge, Officer Julie Freitas, Officer Paul Kofman, and Officer Philamon Zaragoza (collectively "City Defendants") and with respect to Plaintiff's nearly identical original Complaint. See October 27, 2010 Order [dkt. Specifically, the Court stated: "Although it does not appear to the Court that Plaintiff could allege 7 any set of facts in connection with the destruction of his rifle that would give rise to a valid federal 8 claim, it is this Court's practice to grant leave to amend to allow a plaintiff, especially a pro se 9 plaintiff, at least one opportunity to remedy deficiencies in the complaint." See id. at 4. The Court 10 notified Plaintiff, however, that, in any amended complaint, he "must allege, with specificity, what actions by Defendants caused him unlawful harm." Id.The Court recognizes that it has "a duty to construe pro se pleadings liberally, including pro se motions as well as complaints." Bernhardt v. Los Angeles County, 339 F.3d 920, 925 (9th Cir. 2003). Even liberally construed, Plaintiff's FAC 14 includes no additional factual allegations or valid legal claims and, instead, repeats almost verbatim the allegations and claims in his original Complaint. destruction of his high value Olympic Arms rifle. See FAC at 2-3 (detailing the various parts of 18 the rifle and alleging that Defendants conspired "to deny Burnett's rights to property."). Plaintiff 19 alleges that, while he was under investigation for a criminal offense, Plaintiff's uncle gave the Plaintiff of his property. Id. at 3. Plaintiff then describes his unsuccessful efforts to have the Olympic Arms rifle returned or transferred. In the FAC, unlike the original Complaint, Plaintiff 23 does not acknowledge his June 2001 felony conviction. Plaintiff further alleges that his effort to 24 have the rifle returned "was hijacked [by various persons named as Defendants in this action] and the court ordered its destruction instead." Id. Plaintiff appealed this decision to the California Complaint, Plaintiff alleges that the state-court ordered destruction of his Olympic Arms rifle is an
This Court previously granted Defendants' motions to dismiss for failure to state a claim #64]. The Court, out of respect for his pro se status, granted Plaintiff leave to amend.
United States District Court For the Northern District of California
In the FAC, Plaintiff continues to allege an "unlawful seizure" and court-ordered Santa Clara Police Department Plaintiff's Olympic Arms rifle and Mossberg shotgun depriving Court of Appeals, Sixth District, but this appeal was denied. Id. at 4. In the FAC, as in the original "unconstitutional violation of Burnett's rights under the Second, Fourth, and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution. The Second Amendment guarantees Burnett the 2 right of the people to keep and bear Arms and shall not be infringed." Id. at 5-6. in state court to have the Olympic Arms rifle returned or transferred. Plaintiff's state court case 6 was captioned Andrew Douglas Burnett v. Santa Clara Police Department and Santa Clara
Superior Court, Case No. 210631 and CC196212. Specifically, City Defendants seek judicial 8 notice of three documents: 1) February 2004 Order Prohibiting the Release of Property to "assault weapons" based on his prior felony convictions and failure to register as the owner of the rifle; 2) February 2009 Order of Judge Andrea Bryan Denying Any Motion to Stay Destruction of Rifle; and 3) the Sixth Appellate District's August 2009 Dismissal of Andrew Burnett's April 1, 2009 Appeal. See City Defs.' RJN [dkt. #70]. Plaintiff has not opposed the request for judicial 14 notice. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 201(b), the Court takes judicial notice of these state 15 court orders and proceedings. See Dawson v. Mahoney, 451 F.3d 550, 551 (9th Cir. 2006)
B.Request for Judicial Notice
City Defendants have requested judicial notice of documents connected to Plaintiff's efforts
Petitioner (including Olympic Arms rifle), which was based on Plaintiff's ineligibility to possess Although brief, these documents help explain what happened in the state court proceedings.
The February 2004 Order Prohibiting Release of Property to Petitioner [Plaintiff here] notes that 19 the Olympic Arms rifle is an "assault weapon" pursuant to California statute, specifies that Plaintiff 20 was not the registered owner of the rifle, and states that, as a result of his felony convictions, Plaintiff sought transfer of the rifle. Plaintiff's request was denied, as the Santa Clara County Superior Court ordered the rifle's destruction instead. See Exh. B to City Defs.' RJN. Plaintiff 24 appealed this decision to the California Court of Appeals, Sixth District. However, the Sixth District dismissed the appeal because Plaintiff did not pay the statutory filing fee in compliance 26 with the California Rules of Court. See Exh. C to City Defs.' RJN. (allowing for judicial notice in federal court of state court orders and proceedings).
Plaintiff is "ineligible to possess firearms." See Exh. A to City
Defs.' RJN. In February 2009,
Plaintiff filed the instant action on May 3, 2010, and, in response to
the Court's October 27,
2010 Order dismissing his claims with leave to amend, filed the FAC on
November 29, 2010.
as to any Defendant.*fn1 As to the County Defendants
(Benson and Peterson), the only mention of
"Troy Benson was the attorney involved in the court hearing" and "lied
under oath to the court."
Plaintiff's Olympic Arms rifle was an "assault weapon." Id. at 4. There are still no specific factual 8 allegations of how either Mr. Benson, whom Defendants identify as a Deputy District Attorney, or
The Court finds that Plaintiff's FAC fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted
Benson comes after Plaintiff alleges that in 2004 his "rifle release was denied." Plaintiff continues:
See FAC at 3. Plaintiff alleges that Mr. Peterson was one of the persons who determined that Mr. Peterson, whom Defendants identify as a crime laboratory employee, injured Plaintiff in any 10 way. Plaintiff does state that "the parties [individual Defendants are not specified] involved were acting outside the scope of their official duties and should not be entitled to any immunity." Id. at 4. Plaintiff, however, provides no factual allegations as to how any of the Defendants acted outside 13 the scope of his or her official duties. As the Court noted in its October 27, 2010 Order, 14 prosecutors enjoy absolute immunity as long as they are acting within the scope of their criminal 15 prosecutorial duties. See Imbler v. Pachtman, 424 U.S. 409, 410 (1976). Thus, Mr. Benson would 16 have absolute immunity from any liability for appearing on behalf of the State.
Plaintiff alleged that Defendant Zaragoza allegedly "threatened
Burnett's family members in
Plaintiff's FAC fares no better as to the City Defendants. In the
Contra Costa County with search warrants to acquire the rifle." See
Compl. at 3. The Court found 20 that this allegation did not amount to
the denial of Plaintiff's constitutional rights. See October 27,
2010 Order at 3. Now, in the FAC, Plaintiff alleges that Zaragoza
"threatened Burnett's family 22 members with warrantless searches and
illegal police detention to acquire the rifle." See FAC at 2
(emphasis added). Under Circuit-precedent, however, a plaintiff may
not cure deficiencies in a pleading merely by alleging completely
inconsistent facts in a later pleading. See Telesaurus VPC,
LLC v. Power, 623 F.3d 998, 1003 (9th Cir. 2010). As to the other City
Defendants, Plaintiff still 26 only alleges that they refused to
return his rifle and "conspired" to deny him his constitutional
"violated" 18 U.S.C. §§ 241-242. See , e.g., FAC at 2-3. However,
these criminal provisions provide no basis for civil liability. See
Aldabe v. Aldabe, 616 F.2d 1089, 1092 (9th Cir. 1980).
rights. These conclusory allegations are unsupported by factual
allegations as to what any
Defendant actually did to violate Plaintiff's constitutional rights,
and are thus insufficient to state a 3 claim. See Ashcroft v. Iqbal,
129 S Ct. 1937, 1949 (a complaint is not sufficient if it only
Finally, this court is not the appropriate venue for Plaintiff to
challenge the decision in the
state courts ordering destruction of the rifle based on Plaintiff's
prior felony conviction and failure 7 to register. See Ignacio v.
Judges of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit,
453 'naked assertions' devoid of 'further factual
F.3d 1160, 1165 (9th Cir. 2006) (dismissing plaintiff's federal court
complaint as "a long list of 9 rambling grievances regarding
determinations made by the California superior court."). As stated 10
in the Court's October 27, 2010 Order, under the Rooker-Feldman
doctrine, federal courts do not
have subject matter jurisdiction to review judgments or final
determinations of state courts, even if
the state court decision might involve federal constitutional issues.
Accordingly, Defendants' motions to dismiss are GRANTED. In these circumstances,where it does not appear to the Court that Plaintiff could allege any set of facts in connection with 16 the destruction of his rifle that would give rise to a valid federal claim and where Plaintiff has 17 already had an opportunity to amend his complaint, further leave to amend is futile. See Telesaurus, 623 F.3d at 1003 ("A district court may deny a plaintiff leave to amend if it determines 19 that 'allegation of other facts consistent with the challenged pleading could not possibly cure the deficiency,' or if the plaintiff had several opportunities to amend its complaint and repeatedly 21 failed to cure deficiencies.").
Accordingly, Plaintiff's FAC is DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE.
The Clerk shall close the file. The March 17, 2011 hearing is vacated.
IT IS SO ORDERED.