The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gary S. Austin United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER DISMISSING COMPLAINT, WITH
LEAVE TO FILE AMENDED COMPLAINT
WITHIN THIRTY DAYS
Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff has consented to magistrate judge jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c)(1).
The Court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The Court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if the prisoner has raised claims that are legally "frivolous or malicious," that fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or that seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1),(2). "Notwithstanding any filing fee, or any portion thereof, that may have been paid, the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that . . . the action or appeal . . . fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii).
Rule 8(a)'s simplified pleading standard applies to all civil actions, with limited exceptions," none of which applies to § 1983 actions. Swierkiewicz v. Sorema, N.A., 534 U.S. 506 (512) (2002). Pursuant to Rule 8(a), a complaint must contain "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief . . ." Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a). "Such a statement must simply give defendant fair notice of what the plaintiff's claim is and the grounds upon which it rests." Swierkewicz, 534 U.S. at 512. Detailed factual allegations are not required, but "[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of the cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949 (209), citing Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). "Plaintiff must set forth sufficient factual matter accepted as true, to 'state a claim that is plausible on its face.'" Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1949, quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555. While factual allegations are accepted as true, legal conclusions are not. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1949.
Although accepted as true, "[f]actual allegations must be [sufficient] to raise a right to relief above the speculative level." Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555 (citations omitted). A plaintiff must set forth "the grounds of his entitlement to relief,'" which "requires more than labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action." Id. at 555-56 (internal quotation marks and citations omitted). To adequately state a claim against a defendant, a plaintiff must set forth the legal and factual basis for his claim.
Plaintiff, an inmate in the custody of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) at High Desert State Prison, brings this civil rights action against correctional officials employed by the CDCR at Kern Valley State Prison (KVSP). The events that give rise to this lawsuit occurred while Plaintiff was housed at KVSP. Plaintiff claims that he was denied adequate medical care such that it violated the Eighth Amendment's prohibition on cruel and unusual punishment. Plaintiff names the following individual defendants: Dr. Shittu, Dr. Akkano,; Dr. Araich, Registered Nurse (RN) Moonga; RN Williams.
In March of 2009, Plaintiff sought medical treatment for "skin allergies." He was seen by Dr. Akkano, who prescribed hydrocortisone cream. The hydrocortisone was ineffective, and in June 2009 Plaintiff was seen by Dr. Araich. Dr. Araich prescribed Nystatin cream, which also proved to be ineffective. Dr. Araich prescribed Loratadine tablets. This treatment was ineffective, and from November to December, Dr. Shittu prescribed Nystatin . From December to February of 2010, Dr. Araich prescribed Ketoconazole cream. None of the medications resolved Plaintiff's problem. In November 2009 Plaintiff requested an allergy skin test. Dr. Araich denied Plaintiff's request. Defendants Williams and Shittu also denied Plaintiff's request for a skin test in March of 2010. (Compl. ¶ IV.)
A. Eighth Amendment Medical Care Claim
"[T]o maintain an Eighth Amendment claim based on prison medical treatment, an inmate must show 'deliberate indifference to serious medical needs.'" Jett v. Penner, 439 F.3d 1091, 1096 (9th Cir. 2006) (quoting Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 106, 97 S.Ct. 295 (1976)). The two part test for deliberate indifference requires the plaintiff to show (1) "'a serious medical need' by demonstrating that 'failure to treat a prisoner's condition could result in further significant injury or the unnecessary and wanton infliction of pain,'" and (2) "the defendant's response to the need was deliberately indifferent." Jett, 439 F.3d at 1096 (quoting McGuckin v. Smith, 974 F.2d 1050, 1059 (9th Cir. 1992), overruled on other grounds, WMX Techs., Inc. v. Miller, 104 F.3d 1133, 1136 (9th Cir. 1997) (en banc) (internal quotations omitted)). Deliberate indifference is shown by "a purposeful act or failure to respond to a prisoner's pain or possible medical need, and harm caused by the indifference." Id. (citing McGuckin, 974 F.2d at 1060).
The crux of Plaintiff's complaint is that Defendants have not adequately treated his symptoms, and that they refuse to order a test that, in Plaintiff's view, is necessary. Plaintiff may not hold defendants liable simply because they were unable to find a treatment regimen that was appropriate for Plaintiff before Plaintiff's transfer to High Desert State Prison. The facts of the complaint indicate that different treatments were prescribed, and each time Plaintiff presented for treatment, his medical needs were responded to. In order to state a claim for unconstitutional medical care, Plaintiff must allege facts indicating deliberate indifference on the part of each defendant - facts indicating that each defendant knew of an objectively serious risk to ...