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Jose Garcia-Robles v. United States of America

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA


April 6, 2011

JOSE GARCIA-ROBLES,
PETITIONER,
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
RESPONDENT.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: M. James Lorenz United States District Court Judge

ORDER

Petitioner, Jose Garcia-Robles, proceeding pro se, sought relief pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 to vacate, set aside or correct his sentence. On October 12, 2010, the Court denied his motion. [Doc. No. 31.] On March 30, 2011, Petitioner filed a motion to extend time to file a notice of appeal along with a request for a Certificate of Appealability ("COA"). The Court construes the motion as a Notice of Appeal together with a Request for Issuance of COA and as a Motion to Extend Time for Filing Notice of Appeal.

A. Motion to Extend Time for Filing Notice of Appeal

Petitioner's Notice of Appeal is untimely under Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 4(a)(1)(A). Petitioner requests the Court to reopen the time for appeal because he did not receive notice of the Court's October 12, 2010 order until March 21, 2011. Under Rule 4(a)(6), the Court may reopen the time to file an appeal if: (1) the moving party did not receive notice of the entry of the order sought to be appealed; (2) the motion to reopen is filed within 180 days after the order is entered or within 14 days after the moving party receives notice of the entry, whichever is earlier; and (3) no party would be prejudiced by the reopening. Fed. R. App. P. 4(a)(6).

The Court finds Petitioner did not receive notice of the October 12, 2010 order until March 21, 2011.*fn1 He filed his motion to extend time on March 20, 2011, which was within 14 days of receiving notice of the order. Finally, the Court finds that no party would be prejudiced by reopening the time to file an appeal. Therefore, the Court finds it is appropriate to reopen the time to file an appeal.

Accordingly, Petitioner's Motion to Extend Time for Filing Notice of Appeal is GRANTED.

B. Request for Issuance of COA

A certificate of appealability is authorized "if the applicant has made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right." 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). To meet this standard, Petitioner must show that "jurists of reason could disagree with the district court's resolution of his constitutional claims or that jurists could conclude the issues presented are adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further." Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 327 (2003); accord Banks v. Dretke, 540 U.S. 668, 705 (2004).

Having reviewed the matter, the Court finds the Notice of Appeal does not support a certificate of appealability as to Petitioner's claims. Petitioner has not made a substantial showing that he was denied a constitutional right and the Court is not persuaded that jurists could disagree with the Court's resolution of his Constitutional claims or that the issues presented deserve encouragement to proceed further. As detailed in the Court's October 12, 2010 order denying § 2255 relief, Petitioner's claims that his Plea Agreement was entered involuntarily and that his trial counsel acted ineffectively are completely contradicted by the record.

Accordingly, Appellant's request for a Certificate of Appealability is DENIED. IT IS SO ORDERED.

COPY TO: Jose Garcia-Robles 85401198-SPA Taft Correctional Institute P.O. Box 7001/A2B Taft, CA 93268 U.S. Attorney's Office 880 Front Street, Rm. 6293 San Diego, CA 92101-8893


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