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Cedric Greene v. David R. Lopez


April 7, 2011



Plaintiff is proceeding in this action pro se. Plaintiff seeks to proceed in forma pauperis. 28 U.S.C. § 1915. This proceeding was referred to this court by Local Rule 302(c)(21).

Plaintiff has submitted the affidavit required by § 1915(a) showing that plaintiff is unable to prepay fees and costs or give security for them. Accordingly, the request to proceed in forma pauperis will be granted. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a).

Under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h)(3), a federal court is required to dismiss an action if it appears "by the suggestion of the parties or otherwise that the court lacks jurisdiction of the subject matter...." Accordingly, a court may dismiss an action sua sponte if it lacks subject matter jurisdiction. See, e.g., Scholastic Entertainment, Inc. v. Fox Entertainment Group, Inc., 336 F.3d 982, 985 (9th Cir. 2001). Additionally, a federal court must dismiss an action brought under 28 USC § 1915 at any time if it determines that the action "is frivolous or malicious," "fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted," or "seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief." 28 USC 1915(e)(2).

In the complaint filed on March 2, 2011, plaintiff brings forth a single claim for negligent infliction of emotional distress against defendant David Lopez. Plaintiff claims that Lopez, a deputy district attorney in Los Angeles, refused to prosecute an individual who attacked plaintiff, despite evidence of the attack. Plaintiff seeks $80,000 in damages.

Although plaintiff has filed this action in federal court, he has not provided a "statement of the grounds upon which the court's jurisdiction depends," as is required under Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(1), and it appears that this court lacks subject matter jurisdiction. Dismissal on this basis is appropriate here. Insofar as the complaint can be construed as one brought pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, plaintiff is advised that a prosecutor has absolute immunity for the decision to prosecute a particular case and for the decision not to prosecute a particular case or group of cases. See Botello v. Gammick, 413 F.3d 971 (9th Cir. 2005) (citations omitted). Thus, plaintiff's complaint should also be dismissed because it seeks monetary damages from an immune defendant.

Good cause appearing, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff's request to proceed in forma pauperis is granted; and

IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that plaintiff's complaint be dismissed with prejudice.

These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within fourteen days after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Any response to the objections shall be filed and served within fourteen days after service of the objections. The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).


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