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J&J Sports Productions, Inc v. Fredis Noel Bonilla


April 8, 2011


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Lucy H. Koh United States District Judge

United States District Court

For the Northern District of California


Defendants Fredis Noel Bonilla and Choice Group Enterprise Inc., both doing business as Tacos Choice Mexican Food, failed to appear or otherwise respond to the Summons and Complaint 19 in this case within the time prescribed by the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. The Clerk of the Court entered default on January 12, 2011. Dkt. #8. Before the Court is Plaintiff J&J Sports Productions, Inc.'s motion for default judgment. See Dkt. #9. Defendants, not having appeared in this action to date, have not opposed the motion. Pursuant to Civil Local Rule 7-1(b), the Court finds this matter appropriate for resolution without oral argument. The April 14, 2011 hearing is vacated. For the reasons discussed below, Plaintiff's motion for default judgment is GRANTED.


Plaintiff is a distributor of sports and entertainment programming, and alleges that it owns commercial distribution rights to broadcast the closed-circuit program, including all under-card 28 bouts, "'Firepower': Manny Pacquiao v. Miguel Cotto, WBO Welterweight, Championship Fight Program" (the "Program"), originally broadcast nationwide on November 14, 2009. See Compl. ¶ 10. Plaintiff alleges that the Program was unlawfully intercepted and exhibited by Defendants, at 3 their commercial establishment Tacos Choice Mexican Food located in Salinas, California. Id. at Communications Act of 1934, as amended, 47 U.S.C. §605 and 47 U.S.C. §553, as well as 6 violations of California law against conversion and California Business and Professions Code § 605 and for conversion.

¶ 13. On November 12, 2010, Plaintiff filed this action for violation of the Federal §17200. In the pending motion for default judgment, however, Plaintiff seeks damages only under Plaintiff requests $10,000.00 in statutory damages for violation of 47 U.S.C. §605(e)(3)(C)(i)(II), and $100,000.00 in enhanced damages for willful violation of 47 U.S.C.

Clerk of Court enters default, all well-pleaded allegations regarding liability are taken as true 14 except as to the amount of damages. See Fair Hous. of Marin v. Combs, 285 F.3d 899, 906 (9th Cir. 2002). Satisfied of its subject matter jurisdiction (federal statutes at issue) and personal 16 jurisdiction (Defendant resides and does business in this district), the Court shall proceed to review Plaintiff's motion for default judgment.

20 than $1,000 and not more than $10,000 for each violation of §605(a), as the Court considers just.

"A traditional method of determining statutory damages is to estimate either the loss incurred by 22 the plaintiff or the profits made by the defendants." Joe Hand Promotions v. Kim Thuy Ho, No. C-23 Plaintiff submits evidence that a commercial license for the broadcast of the Program would have cost Defendants $2,200.00, based on Tacos Choice Mexican Food's 30-person capacity. See Affidavit of Joseph M. Gagliardi, President of J&J Sports Productions, Inc., Exh. 1. Alternatively, as to potential profits of Defendants, Plaintiff submits evidence that three separate head counts, at 28 various times, revealed that the total number of patrons was 3, 6, and 10, and that there was no §605(e)(3)(C)(ii). With respec t to its conversion claim, Plaintiff seeks $2,200.00, the amount Defendant would have been required to pay had he ordered the Program from Plaintiff. Once the 13 1. Statutory Damages under Section 605(e)(3)(c)(i)(II) Section 605(e)(3)(c)(i)(II) provides that an aggrieved party may recover a sum of not less 09-01435 RMW (N.D. Cal. Sept. 18, 2009) (citing cases).

United States District Court For the Northern District of California

cover charge. See Affidavit of Investigator Irene Calderon, attached to Mot. for Default Judgment.

As there is no evidence of how much Defendants made during the unlawful exhibition of the Accordingly, the Court finds that Plaintiff is entitled to $2,200.00 in statutory damages.

Program, the Court shall base statutory damages on the cost of the commercial license.

willfully and for the purpose of commercial advantage or private financial gain. See 47 U.S.C.

2. Enhanced Damages under Section 605(e)(3)(C)(ii)

Enhanced damages of up to $100,000 are available when the violation was committed §605(e)(3)(C)(ii). In this case, there is no evidence that Defendants advertised the fight, charged a 9 cover charge, or had a minimum purchase requirement. According to Plaintiff's investigator, 10

Program. See Calderon Affidavit at 2. Plaintiff also submits that the broadcast was encrypted and subject to distribution rights, and thus Defendants "must have committed wrongful acts in order to intercept, receive, and broadcast the Program." See Pl.'s Mot. for Default Judgment at 4. These 14 facts, taken as true for purposes of this motion for entry of default judgment, do suggest that The $100,000 maximum damages available, however, are not warranted under these circumstances. Courts in the Northern District of California have found relatively modest 18 enhancements proper when the case involved a limited number of patrons and when there was a 19 cover charge. See, e.g., Garden City Boxing Club, Inc. v. Lan Thu Tran, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS $5,000 in enhanced damages when 40 patrons were present and a $10 cover charge was imposed).

$2,200.00 as a reasonable enhancement.

Defendants had one thirty-two inch and one twenty-six inch LCD television displaying the Defendants acted willfully for commercial advantage and private financial gain.

United States District Court For the Northern District of California

71116, at *5-6 (N.D. Cal. Sept. 20, 2006) (Whyte, J.) (awarding $1,000 in statutory damages and Here, where there were only 3 to 10 patrons present and no cover charge, the Court views Accordingly, the Court finds Plaintiff entitled to $2,200.00 in enhanced damages.

3. Damages for Conversion

Plaintiff also seeks $2,200.00 in damages for conversion under California Civil Code §3336. The elements of conversion are: 1) ownership of a right to possession of property; 2) 28 wrongful disposition of the property right of another; and 3) damages. See G.S. Rasmussen & Assoc. v. Kalitta Flying Serv., 958 F.2d 896, 906 (9th Cir. 1992). Here, Plaintiff's well-pleaded 2 allegations regarding liability, which are taken as true now that the Clerk has entered default, are 3 sufficient to entitle Plaintiff to damages. Plaintiff alleges ownership of the distribution rights to the Program, misappropriation of those rights by Defendants' unlawful interception, and damages. See Compl. ¶¶ 24-27. Damages for conversion are based on the value of the property at the time of 6 conversion. See Arizona Power Corp. v. Smith, 119 F.3d 888, 890 (9th Cir. 1941). As noted 7 above, the commercial license would have cost Defendants $2,200.00, and thus Plaintiff's request 8 is appropriate.

Accordingly, Plaintiff is entitled to $2,200.00 in damages for conversion.

4. Costs and Fees

Costs and reasonable attorney's fees are recoverable under 47 U.S.C. § 605(e)(3)(b)(iii).

United States District Court For the Northern District of California

Plaintiff's counsel seeks recovery of fees and costs, but did not attach an affidavit of attorney's fees and costs to the motion for default judgment. Accordingly, Plaintiff's counsel shall submit a curriculum vitae or resume, billing and cost records, and other documents supporting his request for reasonable attorney's fees and costs by Friday, April 29, 2011.


For the reasons detailed above, Plaintiff's motion for default judgment is GRANTED.

Judgment shall be entered in favor of Plaintiff J&J Sports Productions, Inc. and against Defendants Fredis Noel Bonilla (doing business as Tacos Choice Mexican Food) and Choice Group Enterprise Inc. (doing business asTacos Choice Mexican Food). Plaintiff shall recover $6,600.00 in total 21 damages. If Plaintiff's counsel wishes to recover attorney's fees and costs, he must file an affidavit 22 and supporting documentation by Friday, April 29, 2011. The April 14, 2011 hearing is vacated.

The Clerk shall close the file.



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