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James Folsom v. United States of America

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA


April 13, 2011

JAMES FOLSOM,
PETITIONER,
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, RESPONDENT.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hon. Anthony J. Battaglia U.S. District Judge

ORDER: (1) CONSTRUING PETITION FOR MOTION TO VACATE, SET ASIDE OR CORRECT SENTENCE UNDER 28 U.S.C. § 2255; AND (2) INFORMING PETITIONER OF WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS AS

OPTIONS

On April 11, 2011, Petitioner, a federal prisoner currently incarcerated at the Federal Prison Camp in Atwater, California, proceeding pro se, filed a Petition for a Writ of Habeas Corpus in this Court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Petitioner alleges that this Court was without jurisdiction to enter judgment against him in Criminal Case No. 08cr1092-JAH, because the criminal statute under which he was convicted is void as unconstitutional.

Although the current action was filed as a Petition for a Writ of Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241, the Court will construe it as a Motion to Vacate, Set Aside or Correct Sentence pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. A challenge to the legality of detention by a federal prisoner must be presented in a Motion filed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255, whereas challenges to the manner, location or conditions of the execution of a sentence must be brought pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Hernandez v. Campbell, 204 F.3d 861, 864 (9th Cir. 2000); Stephens v. Herrera, 464 F.3d 895, 897 (9th Cir. 2006). Pursuant to Castro v. United States, 540 U.S. 375, 377 (2003) the Court is required to give Petitioner the following options prior to ruling on his § 2255 Motion and to inform Petitioner of the consequences of choosing those options.

Under the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act ("AEDPA"), the opportunity to file successive motions under § 2255 is strictly limited. The AEDPA amended 28 U.S.C. § 2255 by providing for a one-year limitation period for prisoners to file motions under § 2255. The section states, in pertinent part:

A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to a motion under this section. The limitation period shall run from the latest of-

(1) the date on which the judgment of conviction becomes final;

(2) the date on which the impediment to making a motion created by governmental action in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the movant was prevented from making a motion by such governmental action;

(3) the date on which the right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if that right has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review; or

(4) the date on which the facts supporting the claim or claims presented could have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence.

A second or successive motion must be certified as provided in section 2244 by a panel of the appropriate court of appeals to contain--

(1) newly discovered evidence that, if proven and viewed in light of the evidence as a whole, would be sufficient to establish by clear and convincing evidence that no reasonable factfinder would have found the movant guilty of the offense; or

(2) a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable.

28 U.S.C.A. § 2255 (West 2006).

PETITIONER'S OPTIONS: Option 1: Consent in writing to this Court ruling on his Motion Petitioner may inform the Court of his desire to have the Court construe his Petition as

a Motion under § 2255 and rule on the merits of his Motion. To do so, Petitioner should file a pleading with this Court entitled: "Consent to recharacterization of petition as motion under § 2255." The Court will then proceed to rule on the merits of the § 2255 Motion after it is transferred to the calender of the sentencing Judge, in this case United States District Judge John

A. Houston.

Option 2: Withdraw the instant Motion and file an all-inclusive § 2255 Motion Petitioner may withdraw the instant Motion and refile an all-inclusive § 2255 Motion at a later date which contains all issues he wishes to raise. If Petitioner chooses Option 2, he must file a pleading with this Court entitled: "Notice of Withdrawal of § 2255 Motion."

CONSEQUENCES OF PETITIONER'S ACTIONS:

Consequences of selecting Option 1: If Petitioner elects to proceed to the merits of his § 2255 Motion by filing a "Consent to recharacterization of petition as motion under § 2255," the sentencing Judge will rule on Petitioner's Motion. However, the Court cautions Petitioner that if he chooses this option this would be his one opportunity to file a Motion under § 2255 without being required to obtain permission from the court of appeals as set forth above.

Consequences of selecting Option 2: If Petitioner elects to withdraw the instant motion by filing a "Notice of Withdrawal of § 2255 Motion," the Court will not rule on the § 2255 Motion at this time. However, Petitioner will be permitted to include the claims presented in the instant § 2255 Motion is an all-inclusive § 2255 Motion filed at a later date before the sentencing Judge. However, the Court cautions Petitioner that he must file the all-inclusive § 2255 Motion within the applicable statute of limitations set forth above. If Petitioner fails to timely file his all-inclusive § 2255 Motion within the statute of limitations he will be required to seek permission from the court of appeals as set forth above.

Conclusion and Order

Based on the foregoing, and good cause appearing, the Court hereby NOTIFIES Petitioner of the options set forth above. Petitioner shall reply to this Order no later than June 6, 2011, selecting one of the options set forth above. If Petitioner selects Option 1, the Court will transfer the Motion to the calender of United States District Judge John A. Houston, the sentencing Judge in Petitioner's criminal case.

IT IS SO ORDERED.

CC: ALL PARTIES

20110413

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