IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
April 15, 2011
ARNEL FRANCISCO AND JANETH FRANCISCO, PLAINTIFFS,
GREENPOINT MORTGAGE FUNDING, INC.;
OLD REPUBLIC TITLE COMPANY; MORTGAGE ELECTRONIC REGISTRATION
SYSTEMS, INC.; LANDMARK HOMES REALTY, DEFENDANTS.
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
On December 7, 2010, plaintiffs, who are proceeding pro se in this matter, filed a notice of voluntary dismissal of defendants Old Republic Title Company and Landmark Homes Realty. By order filed December 15, 2010, the court honored plaintiffs' dismissal of the two specified defendants and denied the defendants' pending motions to dismiss as moot. By the same order, the court ordered as follows with regard to service of the two remaining defendants:
On or before January 25, 2011, plaintiffs shall file a return of service that shows service of a summons and complaint on defendants Greenpoint Mortgage Funding, Inc. and Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc. in a manner authorized by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(h), or plaintiffs shall file a declaration showing good cause for failing to effect proper service on these defendants in a timely manner. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(m). Order filed Dec. 15, 2010 (Doc. No. 15), at 2.
By order filed on November 22, 2010, the court had previously explained to plaintiffs that the return of service filed on October 4, 2010 (Doc. No. 5) reflects that their summons and complaint were served on defendants Greenpoint Mortgage Funding, Inc. and Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc. by regular mail. See Order filed Nov. 22, 2010 (Doc. No. 13) at 2. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4 does not authorize service of a summons and complaint by regular mail. Plaintiffs were cautioned that Rule 4(m) "provides that an action may be dismissed against any defendant on whom service of process has not been completed within 120 days from the date the complaint was filed." Id.
The 120-day period after plaintiffs' complaint was filed began to run on September 25, 2010, and expired on January 25, 2011. Plaintiffs have not responded in any way to the court's December 15, 2010 order requiring them to file, on or before January 25, 2011, a return of service that shows service of process on defendants Greenpoint Mortgage Funding, Inc. and Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc. in a manner authorized by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(h) or, in the alternative, to file a declaration showing good cause for failing to effect proper service on these two defendants in a timely manner.
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that this action be dismissed without prejudice pursuant to Rule 4(m) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
These findings and recommendations will be submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). Within twenty-one (21) days after being served with these findings and recommendations, plaintiffs may file written objections with the court. A document containing objections should be titled "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Plaintiffs are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. See Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).
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