IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
April 15, 2011
LENNI WILKES, PETITIONER,
M. D. MCDONALD, RESPONDENT.
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Petitioner is a state prisoner proceeding pro se with an application for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Petitioner raises one claim in his pending petition, by which he challenges the sentence imposed following his 2009 conviction in state court on charges of assault with a deadly weapon and making criminal threats. Specifically, petitioner claims that he received ineffective assistance of counsel when his attorney failed to file a motion to strike a prior felony conviction at a pretrial conference/motions hearing and chose instead to wait to make the motion until the time of sentencing. Petitioner has moved to hold these proceedings in abeyance pending exhaustion of this claim for habeas relief in state court. Respondent agrees that the sole claim presented by petitioner is unexhausted, but also contends that federal habeas relief can, and should, be denied by the court on the merits.
However, respondent has not waived the exhaustion requirement. Cf. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(3) ("A State shall not be deemed to have waived the exhaustion requirement or be estopped from reliance upon the requirement unless the State, through counsel, expressly waives the requirement.")
The court's limited authority to hold a petition for writ of habeas corpus in abeyance pending exhaustion of state court remedies extends only to mixed petitions that contain at least one fully exhausted claim. See Rhines v. Weber, 544 U.S. 269 (2005); see also King v. Ryan, 564 F.3d 1133 (9th Cir. 2009). The sole claim raised in the petition now pending before this court is undisputedly unexhausted. For that reason, the court has no authority to hold this action in abeyance and petitioner's motion for stay and abeyance should be denied.
The exhaustion of state court remedies is a prerequisite to the
granting of a petition for writ of habeas corpus, 28 U.S.C. §
2254(b)(1). If exhaustion is to be waived, it must be waived
explicitly by respondent's counsel. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(3).*fn1
A waiver of exhaustion, thus, may not be implied or inferred.
A petitioner satisfies the exhaustion requirement by providing the
highest state court with a full and fair opportunity to consider all
claims before presenting them to the federal court. Picard v. Connor,
404 U.S. 270, 276 (1971); Middleton v. Cupp, 768 F.2d 1083, 1086 (9th
As noted above, it is undisputed that petitioner has failed to exhaust his sole claim for relief in state court. After reviewing the pending petition for habeas corpus, the court finds that petitioner has failed to exhaust state court remedies. Petitioner's sole claim has not been presented to the California Supreme Court. Further, there is no allegation that state court remedies are no longer available to petitioner. Accordingly, the petition should be dismissed without prejudice.*fn2
In accordance with the above, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that:
1. Petitioner's February 24, 2011 motion to hold these proceedings in abeyance be denied; and
2. This action be dismissed without prejudice for failure to exhaust state court remedies.
These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within fourteen days after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Any response to the objections shall be filed and served within fourteen days after service of the objections. The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).