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Julian Gago De Medeiros v. Superior Court
April 21, 2011
JULIAN GAGO DE MEDEIROS,
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Ronald M. Whyte United States District Judge
ORDER GRANTING MOTIONS FOR LEAVE TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS; ORDER OF TRANSFER
Petitioner is a federal detainee subject to removal proceedings and currently incarcerated at CCA Eloy Detention Center in Eloy, Arizona. Petitioner filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241, challenging his detention which is premised upon an allegedly invalid 1995 state conviction. Petitioner's motions for leave to proceed in forma pauperis are GRANTED. For the reasons stated below, the court does not have jurisdiction to adjudicate this matter, and TRANSFERS this case to the United States District Court of Arizona.
Generally, 28 U.S.C. § 2241 is the proper basis for a habeas petition by a state prisoner who is not held "pursuant to the judgment of a State court," 28 U.S.C. § 2254, for instance a pre-trial detainee, a prisoner awaiting extradition, or a prisoner whose conviction has been reversed on appeal. SeeHoyle v. Ada County, 501 F.3d 1053, 1058 (9th Cir. 2007) (pre-trial double jeopardy challenge); White v. Lambert, 370 F.3d 1002, 1006 (9th Cir. 2004) (listing "awaiting extradition" and pretrial detention as examples of when § 2241 applies). In this case, petitioner's Order Granting Motions for Leave to Proceed In Forma Pauperis; Order of Transfer habeas petition must be transferred because jurisdiction does not lie in this district. Section 2241 allows "the Supreme Court, any justice thereof, the district courts and any circuit judge" to grant writs of habeas corpus "within their respective jurisdictions." 28 U.S.C. § 2241(a). The court has interpreted the "within their respective jurisdictions" language of § 2241 to mean nothing more than that the court issuing the writ must have jurisdiction over the custodian. Rumsfeld v.
, 542 U.S. 426, 440-442 (2004). As to challenges under section 2241 to present physical confinement, this is not synonymous with any district in which the respondent is amenable to service of process. Id. at 442-44. "[F]or core habeas petitions challenging present physical confinement, jurisdiction lies in only one district: the district of confinement." Id. at 442-43. Because petitioner is currently being housed in Arizona, the Clerk of the Court shall TRANSFER the entire file to the United States District Court for the District of Arizona.
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