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13231 Sundance LLC v. Doe I (Elizabeth Tourubaroff) and Does 2-20

May 2, 2011


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hayes, Judge:


The matter before the Court is the Motion to Remand Case to State Court ("Motion to Remand") (ECF No. 5).


On February 10, 2011, Plaintiff 13231 Sundance LLC initiated this action by filing a Complaint for Unlawful Detainer in San Diego County Superior Court, where it was assigned case number 37-2011-00042704-CL-UD-CTL. (ECF No. 1-2 at 20). The Complaint alleges that Plaintiff purchased real property located at 7421-7423 Draper Avenue, La Jolla, California at a non-judicial foreclosure trustee's sale in January 2011. The Complaint alleges that Plaintiff served Defendants with written notice requiring them to vacate the property. The Complaint alleges that Defendants failed to vacate the property. The Complaint alleges a single claim for unlawful detainer under California law, seeking possession of the property and "[l]ess than $10,000" in damages. Id.

On March 9, 2011, the action was removed to this Court. (ECF No. 1). The Notice of Removal was filed by Defendant Elizabeth Tourubaroff, proceeding pro se, and "Sean M. Park, Intervening Defendant Pro Se/In Propria Persona." Id. at 22. The Notice of Removal states that removal is based upon 28 U.S.C. §§ 1332 (diversity of citizenship), 1441 (actions removable generally), 1443(1) (civil rights cases), and 1446 (procedure for removal). See id. at 1.

On March 21, 2011, Plaintiff filed the Motion to Remand and an Ex Parte Application for an Order Shortening Time for Hearing on the Motion to Remand. (ECF Nos. 4, 5). Plaintiff contends that remand is warranted because the Court does not have subject-matter jurisdiction over this action.

On March 30, 2011, Park filed an opposition to the Motion to Remand. (ECF No. 7).

Park contends that the sale of the property at issue to Plaintiff is "void" and "illegal." Id. at 19. Park contends that the "judicial officers" of the California Superior Court "routinely deny pro se litigants their constitutional rights to due process." Id. at 14. Park contends that removal was warranted pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1443(1), which governs removal of civil rights cases.

On April 6, 2011, Park filed a Motion to Dismiss Eviction Action Pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6). (ECF No. 8).


A defendant may remove a civil action from state court to federal court pursuant to the general removal statute, based on either federal question or diversity jurisdiction. See 28 U.S.C. § 1441. Federal jurisdiction may not "rest upon an actual or anticipated counterclaim." Vaden v. Discover Bank, 129 S. Ct. 1262, 1272 (2009); see also id. at 1273 ("[C]ounterclaims, even if they rely exclusively on federal substantive law, do not qualify a case for federal-court cognizance."). "The removal statute is strictly construed, and any doubt about the right of removal requires resolution in favor of remand." Moore-Thomas v. Alaska Airline, Inc., 553 F.3d 1241, 1244 (9th Cir. 2009) (citation omitted). The presumption against removal means that "the defendant always has the burden of establishing that removal is proper." Id.

The Notice of Removal contains a reference to diversity jurisdiction and 28 U.S.C. § 1332. (ECF No. 1 at 1-2). Federal subject matter jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1332 requires complete diversity of citizenship and an amount in controversy in excess of $75,000. See 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a)(1). The amount in controversy is determined from the allegations or prayer of the complaint. See St. Paul Mercury Indem. Co. v. Red Cab Co., 303 U.S. 283, 289 (1938). "[D]iversity of citizenship requires that no defendant have the same citizenship as any plaintiff." Tosco Corp. v. Communities for a Better Env't, 236 F.3d 495, 499 (9th Cir. 2001).

Plaintiff's Complaint seeks less than $10,000, as stated on the face of the Complaint. (ECF No. 1-2 at 20). The Complaint alleges that "[t]he amount of damages claimed in this action does not exceed $10,000." Id. at 21. In unlawful detainer actions, the amount of damages sought in the complaint, not the value of the subject real property, determines the amount in controversy. See Evans v. Superior Court, 67 Cal. App. 3d 162, 170-71 (1977) ("[I]n a summary proceeding for unlawful detainer 'the right to possession alone was involved, and the broad question of title could not be raised and litigated by cross-complaint or affirmative defense.' ... Real parties are not left without a remedy. The issues which they seek to litigate can be pursued by way of quiet title actions. Those issues not being cognizable in unlawful detainer, the judgments in the pending matters will not be res judicata as to them.") (quoting Cheney v. Trauzettel, 9 Cal. 2d 158, 159 (1937)); cf. Cal. Code Civ. Pro. § 86(a)(4) ("The following proceedings are limited civil cases: ... (4) Proceedings in ... unlawful detainer where the whole amount of damages claimed is twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) or less."). The Court finds that the amount in controversy requirement is not satisfied.

The Complaint alleges that Plaintiff is a California limited liability company and Defendant resides in the subject property in California. The Complaint contains no other allegations related to the citizenship of the parties. The opposition to the Motion to Remand alleges that "Plaintiff Sundance is a diversity party" because it has an address in Illinois. (ECF No. 7 at 14). The Court finds that neither the Notice of Removal nor the opposition to the Motion to Remand adequately allege the citizenship of the owners or members of Plaintiff, a limited liability company. Cf. Johnson v. Columbia Props. Anchorage, LP, 437 F.3d 894, 899 (9th Cir. 2006) (holding that for the purposes of determining diversity of citizenship, a limited liability company or a ...

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