The opinion of the court was delivered by: Lucy H. Koh United States District Judge
ORDER DENYING MOTION TO SEAL; DENYING MOTION FOR LEAVE TO AMEND
On March 4, 2010, the Court issued an order dismissing this case with prejudice. Plaintiff now moves to seal the case file and for leave to amend his Complaint to continue this case as an 18 action to litigate a Freedom of Information Act request sent to NASA. For the reasons discussed 19 below, the Court denies both motions.
I.Motion for Leave to Amend
On January 14, 2011, Plaintiff Kiel Sturm filed a Complaint for Alien Tort against the World, the State of California, and 7 billion Doe Defendants. See Compl. On January 21, 2011, 23 the Court dismissed Plaintiff's Complaint pursuant to the screening provisions of the in forma 24 pauperis statute, 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2), and granted Plaintiff 30 days in which to file an amended 25 complaint. See Order Denying Ex Parte Application for Temporary Protective Order; Granting 26
Motion for Leave to Proceed In Forma Pauperis; and Dismissing Complaint with Leave to Amend, ECF No. 10. After Plaintiff failed to file an amended complaint within 30 days, the Court dismissed the action with prejudice. See Order Dismissing Case, ECF No. 17. As a result, this 2 case has been closed since March 4, 2011.
case to "use the case title, case number, IFP standing and free PACER access to continue as 5 enforcement of a Freedom of Information Act 5 USC § 552 request sent to NASA." Ex Parte Mot. 6 for a Protective Order Sealing the Case Files; For an Order Granting Leave to Amend ("Ex Parte 7
On April 28, 2011, Plaintiff filed a motion requesting leave to amend the Complaint in this
Mot.") at 1, ECF No. 19. Plaintiff asserts that the "non-entity THE WORLD makes an appropriate 8 co-defendant with this new purpose." Id. However, the Complaint in this action contains no 9 mention of a FOIA request and appears to be entirely unrelated to the FOIA action Plaintiff now 10 seeks to bring. Moreover, contrary to Plaintiff's assertion, the only proper defendant in a FOIA
action is the federal agency that has improperly withheld agency records. See Laughlin v. C.I.R.,
117 F. Supp. 2d 997, 1000 (S.D. Cal. 2000) (concluding that the only proper defendants in FOIA 13 actions are federal departments and agencies). Finally, this case was dismissed with prejudice and 14 has been closed for nearly two months. Plaintiff has not presented any grounds justifying relief 15 from the Court's order of dismissal and reopening of this case. See Fed. R. Civ. Pro. 60(b).
Accordingly, Plaintiff's motion for leave to amend is DENIED.
requests that the Court seal the documents filed in this case. Plaintiff explains that he was having a "mental health moment" when he filed this case and states that some of the documents filed have 21 attracted unwanted attention. While the Court is sympathetic to Plaintiff's situation, the Court 22 finds that Plaintiff has not made the showing required to seal the public documents filed in this 23 action.
In his ex parte motion, and in a letter filed with the Court on April 18, ...