UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA SAN JOSE DIVISION
May 10, 2011
WACHOVIA MORTGAGE CORP., ET AL.,
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Lucy H. Koh United States District Judge
ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANTS' 12 MOTION TO DISMISS WITH PREJUDICE AND DENYING
DEFENDANTS' MOTION TO STRIKE AS MOOT
United States District Court For the Northern District of California
In the TAC, Plaintiff reasserts various federal claims in connection with the default and foreclosure 21 proceedings on property located at 4141 Old Trace Road, Palo Alto, California. Defendants are 22 FSB; Wachovia Mortgage, FSB; Golden West Savings Association Co; and Financial Title 24
Motion to Dismiss [dkt. #66] and Motion to Strike [dkt. #67] Plaintiff's TAC. Pursuant to Civil 26 Local Rule 7-1(b), the Court deems Defendants' motions appropriate for resolution without oral 27 argument, and vacates the May 12, 2011 motion hearing. For the reasons discussed below, 28
On January 3, 2011, the Court granted Defendants' motion to dismiss the Second Amended Complaint (SAC) in part with prejudice and in part with leave to amend. See January 3, 2011 18 Laura Gens, proceeding pro se, filed a timely Third Amended Complaint ("TAC"). See Dkt. #65. 20 Wachovia Mortgage Corporation; Cal-Western Reconveyance Corporation; World Savings Bank, 23 Company (collectively "Defendants"). Presently before the Court are two motions: Defendants' 25
Plaintiff filed the instant action in Santa Clara County Superior Court on February 26, 2010.
Defendants removed the action to federal court on March 12, 2010. On March 18, 2010, Plaintiff 7 filed an ex parte application for a temporary restraining order to prevent a Trustee's Sale on the 8 Property scheduled for March 22, 2010. The Honorable Jeremy Fogel granted Plaintiff's 9 application for a temporary restraining order on March 19, 2010. See Dkt. #18. Plaintiff then filed 10 the SAC on March 25, 2010. After an unsuccessful settlement conference in April 2010, Judge
Order by Judge Jeremy Fogel Denying Prelim. Inj. [dkt. #46] ("May 12, 2010 Order"). The May 14 12, 2010 Order was based upon Plaintiff's First Amended Complaint, but also noted that the "new 15 facts alleged by Plaintiff in the SAC would not alter the determination of the instant motion." See 16 id. at 3. On May 21, 2010, Plaintiff filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in the United States 17 Bankruptcy Court for the Northern District of California (Case No. 10-55305). The bankruptcy 18 code provides for an automatic stay of any judicial or administrative proceeding against a debtor, 19 but Judge Fogel ruled that the automatic stay provision did not apply to this action because this 20 case involves "a claim by, not against, the debtor." See June 7, 2010 Order by Judge Jeremy Fogel 21
August 2, 2010. 23
24 dismiss in part with prejudice and in part with leave to amend. The Court identified serious 25 deficiencies in Plaintiff's SAC, but allowed Plaintiff an additional opportunity to allege facts 26 sufficient to state a claim with respect to certain federal claims. However, the Court expressly 27 28
Fogel denied a preliminary injunction on the ground that Plaintiff did not establish a likelihood of success on the merits on any of the claims in her First Amended Complaint. See May 12, 2010 13
Re: Wachovia's Application for Instructions [dkt. #48]. This case was reassigned to this Court on 22 As noted above, in the January 3, 2011 Order, this Court granted Defendants' motion to warned Plaintiff that failure to remedy the serious deficiencies in her complaint would result in 2 dismissal of her remaining claims with prejudice. 3
Now before the Court are Defendants' motions to dismiss the TAC and to strike portions of 4 the TAC. Plaintiff has filed an opposition to both motions, and Defendants have filed a reply. 5 surrounding Plaintiff's loan and eventual default. Because most of that factual background has not 8 changed, the Court will only highlight the facts necessary to the determination of the instant 9 motions. 10
B.Factual Allegations in Plaintiff's TAC
The May 12, 2010 Order and the January 3, 2011 Order set forth the factual background
On November 17, 2006, Plaintiff obtained a $1.62 million adjustable rate mortgage (ARM)
loan from Defendant World Savings Bank. TAC ¶ 10. The loan was secured by a Deed of Trust 12 against the property at 4141 Old Trace Road, Palo Alto, California (the "Property"). According to 13 $1.56 million. Id. Plaintiff alleges that the $1.62 million was made "without proper due diligence" 15 and without verification of the borrower's income, thus creating an "illegal loan." Id. at ¶ 18. 16
17 in the SAC itself, that although she signed closing documents for the loan, Defendants gave her a 18 packet of closing documents for "another transaction, not hers." Id. at ¶ 12. However, Plaintiff 19 continues, "This fact was not discovered for some time. There was no need to review the 20 documents contained in the Financial Title packet until the latter half of 2009 when Wachovia / 21
Wells Fargo set in motion a non-judicial foreclosure sale and sheriff's sale under yet a new 22 business name." Id. 23 24 monthly payments and other clerical errors. Id. at ¶ 17. Plaintiff alleges that Defendants did not 25 provide her "with accurate material disclosures required until TILA," Id. at ¶ 33, and also notes 26 that "the notices given at closing [were] incomprehensible." Id. at ¶ 34. However, Defendants 27 submit with their opposition papers a Federal Truth in Lending Disclosure Statement ("TILDS") 28 Plaintiff, the new $1.62 million loan paid off a prior loan she had from Washington Mutual for 14
Plaintiff further alleges, as she did in her opposition the motion to dismiss the SAC but not
Plaintiff also alleges a "litany of errors" in servicing the loan, including errors in calculating and Notice of Right to Cancel ("NRC"), both of which are acknowledged and signed as received 2 by Plaintiff as of November 2006. See Defs.' Request for Judicial Notice ("RJN"), Exh. 7 (TILDS 3 signed by Plaintiff) and Exh. 8 (NRC signed by Plaintiff). 4
5 assignment of the loan from World Savings, nor a copy of the Notice of Default." TAC ¶ 24. 6
However, Defendants seek judicial notice of evidence that Wachovia did not substitute as 7 beneficiary, but rather World Savings Bank changed its name to Wachovia effective December 31, 8
In April 2008, a Notice of Default was recorded against the Property by the trustee Golden
West Savings Association Service Company. On November 4, 2008, a Notice of Trustee's Sale 11 was recorded, which identified a total amount owed of approximately $1.85 million. On November 18, 2008, Plaintiff paid Wachovia $80,000. TAC ¶ 25. Plaintiff contends that this 13 payment to Wachovia was "to formally reinstate the loan and make modifications to the loan to 14 correct errors in the loan servicing." Id. Plaintiff, however, does not allege that the $80,000 15 payment brought the loan current. Defendants, in connection with their motion to dismiss the 16
15 (November 19, 2008 Forbearance Plan Agreement sent by Wachovia and signed by Plaintiff) 18 (stating that "If, after receipt of this signed agreement and the $80,000 payment, the above 19 referenced loan is not brought current or paid in full on or before 12/19/2008, Wachovia Mortgage 20 will pursue or continue the remedies available to it as stated in your Note and Security 21
On January 16, 2009, a substitution of trustee was recorded on the property, which 23 substituted Defendant Cal-Western Reconveyance Company for former trustee Golden West 24
On or around February 19, 2010, a second Notice of Trustee's Sale was recorded, but was 26 postponed until March 22, 2010, and postponed again to May 24, 2010 by Judge Fogel's granting 27 of Plaintiff's motion for temporary restraining order. 28 Plaintiff submits that Defendant Wachovia "never provided Plaintiff with notice of the 2007. See RJN, Exh. 1 (Letter from Office of Thrift Supervision indicating name change). 9
SAC, stated that the $80,000 payment was not sufficient to bring the loan current. See RJN, Exh. 17 Instrument."). 22
Savings Association and designated Defendant Wachovia Mortgage, FSB as the new beneficiary. 25
As noted in Judge Fogel's May 12, 2010 Order and the undersigned's January 3, 2011
Order, Plaintiff has refused to make monthly mortgage payments on the loan since making the 3 partial payment of $80,000 in November 2008 and has been in bankruptcy since May 2010. 4
II. LEGAL STANDARDS
A.Motion to Dismiss
Dismissal under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) for failure to state a claim is "proper only where there is no cognizable legal theory or an absence of sufficient facts alleged to 8 support a cognizable legal theory." Shroyer v. New Cingular Wireless Services, Inc., 606 F.3d 658, 9 664 (9th Cir. 2010) (quoting Navarro v. Block, 250 F.3d 729, 732 (9th Cir. 2001)). In considering 10 whether the complaint is sufficient to state a claim, the court must accept as true all of the factual allegations contained in the complaint. Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009). However, the court need not accept as true "allegations that contradict matters properly subject to judicial 13 notice or by exhibit" or "allegations that are merely conclusory, unwarranted deductions of fact, or 14 unreasonable inferences." St. Clare v. Gilead Scis., Inc. (In re Gilead Scis. Sec. Litig.), 536 F.3d 15 1049, 1055 (9th Cir. 2008). While a complaint need not allege detailed factual allegations, it "must 16 contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to "'state a claim to relief that is plausible on its 17 face.'" Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1949 (quoting Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 18 (2007)). A claim is facially plausible when it "allows the court to draw the reasonable inference 19 that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged." Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1949. 20 21 to grant leave to amend. "[A] district court should grant leave to amend even if no request to 22 amend the pleading was made, unless it determines that the pleading could not possibly be cured 23 by the allegation of other facts." Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1130 (9th Cir. 2000) (quoting Doe 24 v. United States, 58 F.3d 494, 497 (9th Cir. 1995)). 25 27 either: 1) generally known within the territorial jurisdiction of the trial court; or 2) capable of 28
If the court concludes that the complaint should be dismissed, it must then decide whether
B. Documents Considered by the Court
A court may take judicial notice of facts that are not subject to reasonable dispute and are accurate and ready determination by resort to resources whose accuracy cannot be reasonably 2 questioned. Fed. R. Evid. 201(b). The Court may consider, under the incorporation by reference 3 doctrine, documents that are connected to the loan transaction at issue, as to which both Plaintiffs 4 and Defendants make unopposed requests for judicial notice. For purposes of ruling on a motion to 5 dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6), the pleadings are deemed to include "documents whose contents are 6 alleged in a complaint and whose authenticity no party questions, but which are not physically 7 attached to the pleading." See Parrino v. FHP, Inc., 146 F.3d 699, 706 (9th Cir. 1998). The Court 8 may also take judicial notice of matters of public record. See Lee v. City of Los Angeles, 250 F.3d 9 Here, the Court takes judicial notice of: 1) Plaintiff's November 17, 2006 ARM loan; 2) the Deed of Trust dated November 16, 2006, recorded with the Santa Clara County Recorder on November 28, 2006; 3) the Federal Truth in Lending Disclosure Statement ("TILDS"), 13 acknowledged and signed as received by Plaintiff as of November 2006; 4) the Notice of Right to 14 November 19, 2007 OTS Letter indicating the name change of World Savings to Wachovia 16 Recorder on April 24, 2008; 7) the October 27, 2008 Notice of Trustee's Sale, recorded with the 18
Trustee's Sale, recorded with the Santa Clara County Recorder on February 19, 2010. Plaintiff has 20 not opposed Defendants' request for judicial notice of these documents. Moreover, all the 21 documents are either matters of public record or expressly referenced in Plaintiff's TAC. 22 Cancel ("NRC"), also acknowledged and signed as received by Plaintiff as of November 2006; 5) a 15 Mortgage, FSB; 6) the April 17, 2008 Notice of Default, recorded with the Santa Clara County 17 Santa Clara County Recorder on November 4, 2008; and 8) the February 3, 2010 Notice of 19
Plaintiff's SAC included sixteen causes of action for relief, most of them state-law claims.
The Court's January 3, 2011 Order dismissed the state law claims and the TILA rescission claim 25 with prejudice, but allowed Plaintiff leave to amend her other federal claims to establish reasonable 26 diligence and equitable tolling. Plaintiff's TAC includes six causes of action: (1) violation of 27 28 TILA; (2) violation of RESPA; (3) rescission;*fn1 (4) violation of HOEPA; (5) violation of FCRA; 2 and (6) violation of the FDCPA. The Court considers each cause of action in turn. 3
As the Court noted in the January 3, 2011 Order, "any potential right to rescission expired in 7
November of 2009, months before Plaintiff filed suit in February 2010. Accordingly, as leave to 8 amend would be futile, Plaintiff's TILA rescission claim is dismissed with prejudice." See January 9
A TILA claim for damages is subject to a one-year statute of limitations. See 15 U.S.C.
§1640(e). As a general rule, the one-year period runs from the date of the consummation of the
transaction at issue. See King v. California, 784 F.2d 910, 915 (9th Cir. 1986). In this case, the 13 loan transaction occurred on November 17, 2006, but Plaintiff did not file suit until February 26, 14 2010, far beyond the one-year period. However, "the doctrine of equitable tolling may, in the 15 appropriate circumstances, suspend the limitations period until the borrower discovers or had 16 reasonable opportunity to discover the fraud or nondisclosures that form the basis of the TILA 17 action." See King, 784 F.2d at 915. The January 3, 2011 Order allowed Plaintiff leave to amend to 18 allege facts establishing why equitable tolling is appropriate. 19
Plaintiff's TAC, however, does not specify what disclosures were not made, what new
20 information Plaintiff discovered, or provide any reason why she could not have discovered the 21 alleged TILA violation with reasonable diligence.*fn2 Plaintiff simply repeats the conclusory 22 allegation, made for the first time in this litigation in her opposition to Defendants' motion to 23 dismiss the SAC, that she initially received a packet of closing documents for "another transaction, 24 not hers," and that this error was not discovered until the latter half of 2009. As the Court noted in 25 and Notice of Right to Cancel signed and acknowledged by Plaintiff.
A.The Truth in Lending Act ("TILA"), 15 U.S.C. § 1601 et seq.
Although the Court has already dismissed Plaintiff's rescission claim with prejudice,
Plaintiff's TAC still seeks both money damages and rescission under TILA. See TAC ¶¶ 31-39. 6
3, 2011 Order at 8. Thus, the Court will only consider Plaintiff's TILA damages claim. 10 the January 3, 2011 Order, this allegation is in fact inconsistent with other allegations by Plaintiff 2 that the disclosures provided to her were inadequate. See, e.g., SAC ¶ 83 (discussing Plaintiff's 3 receipt of various closing documents and notices in connection with her loan). Moreover, even if 4 the Court assumes the truth of this allegation, Plaintiff still fails to allege why she could not have 5 discovered this error far sooner than late 2009, especially since Plaintiff alleges "a litany of errors" 6 as soon as the loan was made in November 2006 and since the first Notice of Default was recorded 7 in April 2008. Plaintiff provides no explanation as to why she could not or did not simply open the 8 packet of documents prior to the onset of this litigation. In these circumstances, Plaintiff's 9 allegations are insufficient to establish reasonable diligence and equitable tolling. See Hubbard v. 10 tablish reasonable diligence);
Fidelity Fed. Bank, 91 F.3d 75, 79 (9th Cir. 1996) (dismissing TILA
claim on statute of limitations 11 ground where plaintiff did not es
see also Rosenfeld v. JPMorgan
Chase Bank, N.A., No. C 09-6070, 2010 WL 3155808 (N.D. Cal. 2010)
(citing Meyer v. 13
Ameriquest Mortgage Co., 342 F.3d 899, 902-03 (9th Cir. 2003))
(dismissal is appropriate where a 14 plaintiff "fails to allege facts
demonstrating that he could not have discovered the alleged violations
15 by exercising reasonable diligence"). 16
17 conclusory, and insufficient to state a claim. As further leave to
amend would be futile, the Court 18 dismisses Plaintiff's TILA damages
cause of action with prejudice. See Telesaurus VPC LLC v. 19
Power, 623 F.3d, 998, 1003 ("A district court may deny a plaintiff
leave to amend if it determines 20 that 'allegation of other facts
consistent with the challenged pleading could not possibly cure the 21
deficiency,' or if the plaintiff had several opportunities to amend
its complaint and repeatedly 22 failed to cure deficiencies."). 23
shall accept any fee, kickback, or thing of value pursuant to any
agreement or understanding, oral 26 or otherwise, that business
incident to or a part of a real estate settlement service involving a
27 federally related mortgage loan shall be referred to any person."
12 U.S.C. § 2607(a). Further, 28
In her now third amended complaint, Plaintiff's allegations remain internally inconsistent,
B.The Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act ("RESPA"), 12 U.S.C. § 2601
RESPA's prohibition against kickbacks provides that "[n]o person shall give and no person "[n]o person shall give and no person shall accept any portion, split, or percentage of any charge 2 made or received for the rendering of a real estate settlement service in connection with a 3 transaction involving a federally related mortgage loan other than for services actually performed." 4
Id. at § 2607(b). Any actions brought under Section 2607, however, must be brought within one 5 year from the date of the alleged violation. 12 U.S.C. § 2614.
Plaintiff alleges that "Defendants violated RESPA because the payments between the Defendants were misleading and designed to create a windfall." TAC ¶ 43. Plaintiff also alleges 8 that, "within the year prior to the filing of this lawsuit," Defendants purchased homeowner's 9 insurance for the Property from an unidentified "selected carrier" in exchange for a kickback from 10 the "selected carrier." Id. at ¶ 41. Defendants argue that Plaintiff's RESPA claim is time-barred
November 2006, but Plaintiff did not file the instant action until February 2010. Plaintiff's 14 and, in any event, legally defective.
The Court agrees with Defendants on both accounts. Plaintiff's loan was executed in RESPA claim is therefore untimely and must be dismissed unless Plaintiff can plead a basis for 15 tolling the statute of limitations. "Equitable tolling may be applied if, despite all due diligence, a 16 plaintiff is unable to obtain vital information bearing on the existence of his claim." See Santa 17
Maria v. Pac. Bell, 202 F.3d 1170, 1178 (9th Cir. 2000). Here, in her TAC, Plaintiff has not 18 alleged any facts that would support due diligence or the inference that equitable tolling is 19 appropriate. Moreover, Plaintiff's latest allegation (e.g., that Defendants, some two or three years 20 after the closing of the loan in November 2006, bought homeowner's insurance from an 21 unidentified "selected carrier" for a kickback) does not fall within the ambit of RESPA because the 22 alleged fees are not connected to the "settlement" or closing of the loan. See 12 U.S.C. § 2607(a); 23 see also Bloom v. Martin, 77 F.3d 318, 320-21 (9th Cir. 1996) ("the structure of RESPA . . . does 24 not focus on post-settlement fees paid by mortgagors after they have purchased their houses."). 25
26 under RESPA. Accordingly, the Court dismisses Plaintiff's RESPA claim with prejudice. See 27
Despite multiple opportunities to do so, Plaintiff has been unable to state a valid claim
Telesaurus, 623 F.3d at 1003. 28 at higher interest rates or with excessive costs and fees," triggered at 8% of the amount financed. 4
See 15 U.S.C. §§ 1639(a), 1602(aa). HOEPA is not itself an independent regulatory scheme, but is 5 rather an amendment to TILA. Claims under HOEPA are governed by the same statute of 6 limitations as are claims under TILA: three years for claims seeking rescission and one year for 7 claims seeking damages. 15 U.S.C. §§ 1635(f), 1640(e); 12 C.F.R. § 226.23(a)(3). 8
C.The Home Ownership Equity Protection Act ("HOEPA"), 15 U.S.C. § 1639 HOEPA requires additional disclosures for "a special class of regulated loans that are made Plaintiff claims that Defendants violated HOEPA entitling her to rescission and damages.
Plaintiff alleges that she was required to pay fees, expenses, and costs of more than 10% of the 10 amount financed. TAC ¶ 52. Defendants contend that the HOEPA disclosure requirements are not 11 applicable because Plaintiff's "Borrower Closing Statement," attached to Plaintiff's memorandum in support of her prior ex parte application for a temporary restraining order, shows that Plaintiff 13 could, at most, have only paid 4.25% in fees, expenses, and costs of the amount financed. See 14
It is still not clear that HOEPA even applies to Plaintiff's loan since Plaintiff does not 16 identify what costs, fees, and expenses she paid in connection with the November 2006 loan. 17
Plaintiff did not file suit until February 2010. For the reasons explained above in connection with 19
Plaintiff's damages claim under TILA, any potential claim under HOEPA is time-barred. See 20 Meyer v. Ameriquest Mortg. Co., 342 F.3d 899, 902 (9th Cir. 2003) (a HOEPA violation occurs "at 21 the time the loan documents were signed"). The new allegation that Plaintiff did not realize she 22 received the wrong document until years after the loan closed in November 2006 does not suffice 23 to establish equitable tolling. 24
Defs.' Mot. to Dismiss at 8-9. 15
However, the Court need not resolve this issue. Plaintiff's loan closed in November 2006, but 18
Accordingly, Plaintiff's HOEPA claim is dismissed with prejudice.
D.The Fair Credit Reporting Act ("FCRA"), 15 U.S.C. § 1681s-2a
The FCRA prohibits "[a] person" from furnishing information "relating to a consumer" to a
Credit Reporting Agency "if the person knows or consciously avoids knowing that the information 28 is inaccurate." 15 U.S.C. § 1681s-2(a). But the FCRA does not provide for a right of action against 2 a furnisher of false information. See Nelson v. Chase Manhattan Mortgage Corp., 282 F.3d 1057, 3 1059 (9th Cir. 2002). Rather, after receiving notice that information is disputed, the furnisher has 4 certain duties: to conduct an "investigation with respect to the disputed information;" to review all relevant information provided by the CRA; to report the results of its investigation to the CRA; and if the investigation finds the information is incomplete or inaccurate to report those results "to all [nationwide] consumer reporting agencies to which the person furnished the information."
Id. (quoting 15 U.S.C. § 1681s-2(b)). A consumer then has a private right of action in connection 8 with the performance of these four duties. Id. The Court's January 3, 2011 Order expressly laid 9 out the necessary elements of any potential FCRA claim, and required Plaintiff to identify the 10 factual basis for her FCRA claim in any third amended complaint. See January 3, 2011 Order at 11 13 false information to credit reporting agencies that her loan payments were not timely. See TAC ¶¶ 14 58-64. Plaintiff's allegations are still fatally short on facts. As a preliminary matter, Plaintiff's 15 allegation that Defendants furnished false information to credit reporting agencies is not, in itself, 16 actionable because Section 1681s-2(a) does not provide for a private right of action. See Nelson, 17 282 F.3d at 1059. Nor does Plaintiff identify which Defendant provided the allegedly negative and 18 false information. Moreover, as to the necessary elements of a private right of action under Section 19 1681s-2(b), Plaintiff still does not allege that she disputed the information with the credit reporting 20 agencies, that Defendants received notice of disputed information, or that Defendants failed to 21 review or investigate the disputed information. See Marks v. Green Tree Servicing, 2010 U.S. 22 Dist. LEXIS 119979 (N.D. Cal. Oct. 27, 2010) (dismissing FCRA claim where plaintiff failed to 23 allege all the elements of a private right of action under FCRA). 24
In the TAC, Plaintiff alleges that Defendants violated the FCRA by furnishing negative and As Plaintiff's TAC does not remedy the deficiencies identified in the Court's January 3, 2011 Order, and further leave to amend would be futile, the FCRA claim is dismissed with 26 prejudice.
Under the FDCPA, after an initial communication from a consumer, a "debt collector" is required 5 to send the consumer a written notice containing certain information about the debt (e.g., amount of 6 doubt, creditor to whom the debt is owed, etc.). See 15 U.S.C. § 1692g, "Validation of debts." The 7 term "debt collector" is defined as "any person . in any business the principal purpose of which is 8 the collection of any debts, or who regularly collects or attempts to collect, directly or indirectly, 9 debts owed or due or asserted to be owed or due another.." 15 U.S.C. § 1692a(6). As the loan 10 was not transferred to another party (the lender simply changed its name from World Savings to Wachovia), Defendants correctly argue that they are not "debt collectors" within the meaning of the FDCPA because they are attempting to collect their own debt. See Zhuravlev v. BAC Home 13 Loans Servicing, LP, 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 73874, *5 (N.D. Cal. July 20, 2010) (a debt collector 14 does not include the consumer's creditors, a mortgage servicing company, or an assignee of a debt, 15 as long as the debt was not in default at the time it was assigned); see also Valdez v. America's 16
Wholesale Lender, 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 118241, *25-26 (N.D. Cal. Dec.
18, 2009) (defendant 17 mortgage company efforts to collect its own
debt does not make defendant a "debt collector" under 18 the FDCPA).
with prejudice. See Telesaurus, 623 F.3d at 1003. 21
Complaint. Accordingly, Defendants' motion to dismiss is GRANTED WITH PREJUDICE.
E.The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act ("FDCPA"), 15 U.S.C. § 1692 et seq. Plaintiff's sixth and final cause of action is that "Defendants have failed to respond to Plaintiff's requests for validation of the debts" in violation of the FDCPA. See TAC ¶¶ 65-67. 4
Because Plaintiff cannot cure the defect by amending her pleading, this claim is dismissed
Despite multiple opportunities over the past fifteen months to amend her pleadings,
Plaintiff has been unable to state a claim on any of the causes of action in her now Third Amended 24
Defendants' motion to strike is DENIED AS MOOT. The May 12, 2011 motion hearing is 2 vacated. The Clerk shall close the file. 3
IT IS SO ORDERED. 4 5