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United States of America v. Antonio Tavarez-Ruiz

May 16, 2011

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
PLAINTIFF,
v.
ANTONIO TAVAREZ-RUIZ,
DEFENDANT.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hayes, Judge:

ORDER

This matter comes before the court on Defendant's Motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 to vacate, set aside, or correct sentence by a person in federal custody. ECF No. 128.

Defendant moves the court to modify his sentence on the grounds that his lawyer was very negative, and that the sentence he received was not what he signed for.

On or about April 15, 2009, Defendant was arrested helping to guide a group of approximately 22 aliens into the United States from Mexico near Tecate, Mexico. Defendant was subsequently indicted by the grand jury for violating the immigration laws of the United States by bringing in illegal aliens for the purpose of financial gain and without presentation.

On September 9, 2009, the grand jury returned a Superseding Indictment charging in Count 1, conspiracy to bring in illegal aliens for financial gain; in Count 2, 4 and 6, bringing in illegal aliens for the purpose of financial gain; and in Counts 3, 5, and 7, bringing in illegal aliens without presentation.

On January 12, 2010, two weeks prior to the trial date, Defendant entered a plea of guilty pursuant to a written Plea Agreement to the charges in Count 3, Count 5 and Count 7.

The Plea Agreement stated in part the "Defendant understands that the crimes to which he is pleading guilty carry the following penalties: ... Count 7 A maximum of 15 years in prison, and a minimum sentence of 5 years in prison." ECF No. 85 at 4.

At the plea hearing, the Magistrate Judge determined that the Defendant was entered into the Plea Agreement voluntarily, without mental impairment, and with knowledge of the charges and penalties. The Magistrate Judge reviewed the penalties stated in the Plea Agreement including a minimum sentence of five years on Count 7, and informed the Defendant repeatedly in open court that he faced a minimum sentence of five years on Count 7. ECF No.130-3 at 6-7, 9. The Magistrate Judge reviewed the Waiver of Appeal and Collateral Attack contained in the Plea Agreement which stated that the Defendant waived "to the full extent of the law, any right to appeal or to collaterally attack the guilty plea, conviction and sentence ... unless the Court imposes a custodial sentence greater the statutory maximum." ECF No. 85 at 9-10, ECF No.130-3 at 11-12. The Magistrate Judge inquired "Am I correct that you're willing to give up your right to appeal and collaterally attack your conviction and sentences except as outlined in the written plea agreement." Defendant responded "Yes." ECF No.130-3 at 11. After reviewing the penalties, including the five year minimum sentence on Count 7, the Magistrate Judge inquired: "Considering the potential penalties that you could receive and the other consequences of a guilty plea, do you still want to give up the constitutional rights I've told you about and plead guilty today?" Defendant responded "Yes." Id. at 12.

On January 12, 2010, the Magistrate Judge issued findings that the Defendant made a knowing and voluntary plea of guilty and recommended that the district court accept the plea. ECF No. 86. Defendant filed no objections to the findings of the Magistrate Judge.

On January 28, 2010, the District Court issued an order accepting the Defendant's plea of guilty. ECF No. 95.

On June 14, 2010, the District Court sentenced the Defendant to the mandatory minimum 60 months in custody and two years of supervised release. ECF No. 108.

On June 24, 2010, the Defendant filed a Notice of Appeal in the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. ECF No. 112.

On January 3, 2011, the Court of Appeals dismissed the appeal "in light of the valid ...


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