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Sammy Voravong v. Michael J. Astrue


May 16, 2011


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Sheila K. Oberto United States Magistrate Judge


This matter is before the Court upon Plaintiff's application for attorneys' fees under the Equal Access to Justice Act ("EAJA"), 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d). The underlying action involved Plaintiff's challenge to the final decision of the Commissioner of Social Security ("Defendant" or the "Commissioner") that he was not disabled. On January 25, 2011, this Court issued a decision remanding the cause to the Commissioner for further administrative proceedings. (Doc. 19.)

Plaintiff subsequently filed his EAJA application. (Doc. 22.) The parties then filed a stipulation and proposed order regarding Plaintiff's EAJA application.

The present fee application raises a question not addressed by the parties: May Plaintiff recover attorneys' fees for work performed by Mr. Ralph Wilborn, who is not a member of either the California Bar or the Bar of this Court?*fn1

Local Rule 180(b) states that, "[e]xcept as otherwise provided herein, only members of the Bar of this Court shall practice in this Court." It is undisputed that Mr. Wilborn is not a member of the California Bar or the Bar of this Court. Therefore, the only exception that may apply is Local Rule 180(b)(2), which governs admission pro hac vice. It does not appear that Mr. Wilborn is admitted, or has applied to be admitted, pro hac vice. Even if he were admitted pro hac vice, however, it is not clear that admission pro hac vice is appropriate to permit an attorney, who is not a member of this Court's Bar, to practice regularly in unrelated cases before this Court.

The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals addressed this question in Winterrowd v. American General Annuity Insurance Co., 556 F.3d 815 (9th Cir. 2009). In Winterrowd, the Ninth Circuit held that an Oregon attorney who was not admitted to the California State Bar or admitted to practice pro hac vice in the Central District of California, could recover attorney fees for work in an action prosecuted before the Central District of California. The attorney did not physically appear before the Central District, did not sign pleadings, had minimal contact with clients and no contact with opposing counsel, and was supervised by an attorney who was admitted to the California State Bar and who remained solely responsible to the clients. Winterrowd, 556 F.3d at 825. The recovery of fees was premised, though, on a finding that the non-admitted attorney "would have certainly been permitted to appear pro hac vice" had he or she applied. Id. at 822.

Winterrowd is distinguishable from the instant arrangement in at least two significant respects. First, Winterrowd involved work in a single case. Here, at least five applications for EAJA fees have been filed in this Court in cases where Mr. Wilborn performed legal work. Blecher v. Astrue, No. 1:09-cv-1234 DLB; Singmuongthong v. Astrue, No. 1:09-cv-1328 DLB; Roberts v. Astrue, No. 1:09-cv-1581 DLB; VonBerckefeldt v. Astrue, No. 1:09-cv-1927 DLB; Downey v. Astrue, No. 1:09-cv-00812-SKO. In each of these cases, the Court was unaware of Mr. Wilborn's involvement in the case until the fee application was filed because he did not enter an appearance, his name was not on the caption, and he did not sign any of the pleadings or filings. In the Eastern District, an attorney is not eligible to practice pro hac vice if the attorney (i) resides in California; (ii) is regularly employed in California; or (iii) is regularly engaged in professional activities in California. Local Rule 180(b)(2). Mr. Wilborn's continued legal work before this Court may make him ineligible for pro hac vice admission, and thus the collection of EAJA fees. See Winterrowd, 556 F.3d at 823 n.4 ("We do note, however, that if the record indicated a reason why Wheatley, Sr., would not have been admitted pro hac vice . . . , we could end our inquiry here and refuse to allow the Winterrowd plaintiffs to collect fees for his work.").

Second, the Ninth Circuit found that the conduct of the Oregon attorney who assisted in Winterrowd "did not rise to the level of 'appearing' before the district court." Id. at 823. Rather, the attorney "had the role of advising his son and reviewing [the] pleadings," and the Court analogized this to the role of a "consultant." Id. at 824. Mr. Wilborn's role, however, went far beyond that of a consultant or advisor. As the fee application demonstrates, virtually all of the research, factual and legal analysis and writing was performed by Mr. Wilborn. See, e.g., Crismore v. Astrue, No. CV08-177-M-DWM-JCL, 2010 WL 1258188, at *4-5 (D. Mont. Mar. 29, 2010) (denying EAJA fees where the non-admitted attorney was not eligible to practice pro hac vice and his role rose to the level of an appearance).

Therefore, the parties are ORDERED to submit additional briefing on this issue.

1. Plaintiff's additional briefing is due within 14 days of the date of service of this order. Plaintiff's additional briefing shall also include a declaration from both Ms. Bosavanh and Mr. Wilborn identifying ALL actions before this Court in which Mr. Wilborn performed legal work. This includes cases where Plaintiff was unsuccessful in obtaining a remand and cases where the parties stipulated to an EAJA award.

2. Defendant may file a reply within 7 days of service of Plaintiff's brief.

3. If the parties fail to provide further briefing, the Court will decide the issue without the benefit of the parties' input.



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