The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hon. Dana M. Sabraw United States District Judge
ORDER GRANTING PLAINTIFF'S MOTION TO REMAND AND DENYING AS MOOT DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO DISMISS
Pending before the Court are Defendant Mitsubishi Caterpillar Forklift of America Corporation's ("MCFA") motion to dismiss claims two through eight of Plaintiff's Complaint and Plaintiff's motion to remand. (Docs. 18, 19.) For the following reasons, Plaintiff's motion to remand is granted and Defendant's motion to dismiss is denied as moot.
Jungheinrich Aktiengesellschaft ("J-AG") is one of the world's largest manufacturers of industrial lift trucks. (Complaint ¶ 10.) For many years, Plaintiff was a distributor of J-AG's products pursuant to a contract with Jungheinrich Lift Truck Corporation ("Jungheinrich"), J-AG's agent in the United States. (Id. at ¶ 11.) Prior to December 30, 2009, Jungheinrich represented to Plaintiff that it was necessary to terminate Plaintiff's distribution agreement with Jungheinrich. (Id. at ¶ 13.) In early January 2010, Plaintiff executed a termination agreement with Jungheinrich and a contract with Defendant MCFA regarding the provision of technical and software support for Jungheinrich lift trucks. (Id. at ¶¶ 14, 16.) Plaintiff alleges Defendant MCFA is obligated to provide it with such technical and software support without cost through December 31, 2015. (Id.) However, on or about April 5, 2010, MCFA presented Plaintiff with a new software licensing agreement with J-AG, which Plaintiff was required to execute to continue receiving software support beyond May 31, 2010. (Id. at ¶ 17.) The new proposed agreement required Plaintiff to, among other things, pay a fee for continued software support. (Id.) Plaintiff refused to execute the new agreement and MCFA subsequently stopped providing Plaintiff with software support. (Id. at ¶ 18.)
Plaintiff filed a Complaint in San Diego Superior Court on November 29, 2010. In its Complaint, Plaintiff states claims for relief for (1) breach of contract, (2) fraud, (3) negligent misrepresentation, (4) conspiracy to defraud, (5) breach of the covenant of good faith and fair dealing, (6) intentional interference with prospective economic advantage, (7) negligent interference with prospective economic advantage, (8) violations of California Business and Professions Code § 17200, (9) declaratory relief, (10) specific performance, and (11) injunctive relief. On January 10, 2011, Defendant MCFA, allegedly the only named Defendant to have been properly served with the Complaint, removed the action to this Court. (Doc. 1.) Defendant MCFA filed the instant motion to dismiss the Complaint on March 16, 2011. (Doc. 18.) Plaintiff filed the instant motion to remand on April 1, 2011. (Doc. 19.)
"Except as otherwise expressly provided by Act of Congress, any civil action brought in a State court of which the district courts of the United States have original jurisdiction, may be removed by the defendant or the defendants, to the district court of the United States for the district and division embracing the place where such action is pending." 28 U.S.C. § 1441(a). "If at any time before final judgment it appears that the district court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, the case shall be remanded." 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c). The Ninth Circuit "strictly construe[s] the removal statute against removal jurisdiction," and any doubts as to removability should be resolved in favor of remanding the case. Gaus v. Miles, Inc., 980 F.2d 564, 566 (9th Cir. 1992)(citations omitted). Thus, "[f]ederal jurisdiction must be rejected if there is any doubt as to the right of removal in the first instance." Id. "The 'strong presumption' against removal jurisdiction means that the defendant always has the burden of establishing that removal is proper." Id.; see also Abrego Abrego v. Dow Chemical Co., 443 F.3d 676, 685 (9th Cir. 2006). Removal jurisdiction may be based on diversity of citizenship or on the existence of a federal question. 28 U.S.C. § 1441.
This action was removed on the basis of diversity jurisdiction. Plaintiff does not challenge that there is sufficient diversity of the parties, but rather argues the amount in controversy at the time the case was removed was less than $75,000 and this Court therefore does not have jurisdiction over the action. 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a). In the caption of the Complaint and the first claim for relief, Plaintiff states that damages sought in the action exceed $25,000, but the Complaint does not otherwise specify the amount in controversy. (Complaint at 1, ¶ 23 ("Quality Lift will continue to be damaged in an amount not known to Quality Life at this time, which amount Quality Life alleges will exceed twenty five thousand dollars ($25,000).").) In support of the motion to remand, Plaintiff submits the declaration of Dennis Hines, its President, which states, "[a]s of . . . the date that this matter was removed to Federal Court, the claim against [MCFA] would certainly not exceed $75,000.00. . . . The only damages that plaintiff would be able to prove as the amount in controversy would be calculated by subpoenaing records from customers who have gone elsewhere for service. Based upon my knowledge of the history of my business with customers, it is doubtful that the amount in controversy would exceed $25,000.00 by a significant amount, and it certainly would not approach the $75,000.00 level." (Hines Decl. at ¶¶ 3-4.)
When it is unclear or ambiguous from the face of a state court complaint whether the requisite amount in controversy is pled, the removing defendant must show by a preponderance of the evidence that the amount in controversy exceeds the jurisdictional amount. Guglielmino v. McKee Foods Corp., 506 F.3d 696, 699 (9th Cir. 2007)(citing Sanchez v. Monumental Life Ins. Co., 102 F.3d 398, 404 (9th Cir. 1996)). The preponderance of the evidence standard requires the removing party to provide evidence establishing that it is more likely than not that the amount in controversy exceeds the jurisdictional amount. Sanchez, 102 F.3d at 404. Here, as the Complaint alleges an unspecified amount of damages in excess of $25,000, Defendant must show the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000 by a preponderance of the evidence. As MCFA has failed to meet this burden, Plaintiff's motion to remand is granted.
"In measuring the amount in controversy, a court must assume that the allegations of the complaint are true and that a jury will return a verdict for the plaintiff on all claims made in the complaint. The ultimate inquiry is what amount is put 'in controversy' by the plaintiff's complaint, not what a defendant will actually owe." Muniz v. Pilot Travel Centers LLC, No. CIV. S-07-0325 FCD EFB, 2007 WL 1302504, at *3 (E.D. Cal. May 1, 2007)(citations omitted). However, a speculative argument as to the amount in controversy is insufficient. Gaus, 980 F.2d at 567. The defendant bears the burden of "actually proving the facts to support jurisdiction, including the jurisdictional amount." Id. In the notice of removal, MCFA stated, "[g]iven [Plaintiff's] own allegations about breach of an agreement that is to end in 2015, its lost customers, lost revenue and lost goodwill, the matter in controversy in this action as pled exceeds $75,000, exclusive of interest and costs." (Removal at ¶ 11.) However, MCFA did not provide any additional evidence or specific facts in support of this claim. In opposition to the motion to remand, MCFA argues that, by incorporating by reference the previous paragraphs in the Complaint in each of its claims for relief, Plaintiff also incorporates by reference its allegation in the first claim that it has been damaged in an unknown amount in excess of $25,000. ...