IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
August 2, 2011
JORGE HERNANDEZ, PLAINTIFF,
KAREN KELLY, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Garland E. Burrell, Jr. United States District Judge
Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding pro se with a civil rights action seeking relief under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. On March 30, 2011, the court granted defendants' motion for summary judgment. On the same day, the court entered judgment and closed the case. Plaintiff has filed a motion to alter or amend the judgment pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 59(e) or, alternatively, to vacate the judgment pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b).
Turning first to plaintiff's motion brought pursuant to Rule 59(e), the court finds that plaintiff's motion is untimely. Under Rule 59(e), a party must file a motion to alter or amend a judgment "no later than 28 days after the entry of judgment." Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e). Here, the court entered judgment on March 30, 2011. Even applying the mailbox rule, plaintiff did not file his motion until June 5, 2011, well after the 28-day deadline to file the motion had expired.
Moreover, even if plaintiff had timely filed his motion, he is not entitled to relief. The Ninth Circuit has held that "[a] motion for reconsideration under Rule 59(e) 'should not be granted, absent highly unusual circumstances, unless the district court is presented with newly discovered evidence, committed clear error, or if there is an intervening change in controlling law.'" McDowell v. Calderon, 197 F.3d 1253, 1255 (9th Cir. 1999) (en banc) (quoting 389 Orange St. Partners v. Arnold, 179 F.3d 656, 665 (9th Cir. 1999)). Here, plaintiff does not argue that newly discovered evidence or an intervening change of the law requires reinstatement of this action. In addition, the court conducted a de novo review of the Magistrate Judge's findings and recommendations on March 30, 2011. The court considered all papers and files in this action at that time, including plaintiff's March 8, 2011 objections to the findings and recommendations. Plaintiff has not demonstrated that this court committed any error whatsoever in granting defendants' motion for summary judgment. Accordingly, the court will deny plaintiff's motion pursuant to Rule 59(e).
As to plaintiff's motion brought pursuant to Rule 60(b), plaintiff has not specified what provision of Rule 60(b) he believes entitles him to relief. Nor has he alleged circumstances such as mistake, newly discovered evidence, fraud, that the judgment is void, or that the judgment has been satisfied pursuant to Rule 60(b)(1)-(5). Presumably, plaintiff seeks relief pursuant to Rule 60(b)(6), the "catch-all provision," which allows the court to relieve a party from final judgment for "any other reason that justifies relief." Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b)(6).
The Ninth Circuit has cautioned that Rule 60(b)(6) is to be "used sparingly as an equitable remedy to prevent manifest injustice and is to be utilized only where extraordinary circumstances prevented a party from taking timely action to prevent or correct an erroneous judgment." Harvest v. Castro, 531 F.3d 737, 749 (9th Cir. 2008) (quoting Latshaw v. Trainer Wortham & Co., 452 F.3d 1097, 1103 (9th Cir. 2006)). In this regard, "a party seeking to reopen a case under Rule 60(b)(6) must demonstrate both injury and circumstances beyond his control that prevented him from proceeding with the prosecution or defense of the action in a proper fashion." Id. (internal quotations omitted) Here, plaintiff does not argue that he encountered extraordinary circumstances that prevented him from diligently prosecuting this action. In fact, plaintiff was able to fully apprise the court of his arguments on the relevant issues in opposing defendants' motion for summary judgment and in filing objections to the assigned magistrate judge's findings and recommendations. Accordingly, the court will also deny plaintiff's motion brought pursuant to Rule 60(b)(6).
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. Plaintiff's motion pursuant to Rule 59(e) is denied; and
2. Plaintiff's motion pursuant to Rule 60(b) is denied.
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