The opinion of the court was delivered by: Dennis L. Beck United States Magistrate Judge
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS RECOMMENDING DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR ORDER REVOKING PLAINTIFF'S IN FORMA PAUPERIS STATUS BE GRANTED (DOC. 70)
OBJECTIONS DUE WITHIN EIGHTEEN (18) DAYS
Findings And Recommendations
Plaintiff Marcus Ruben Ellington ("Plaintiff") is a prisoner in the custody of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation ("CDCR"). Plaintiff is proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. This action is proceeding on Plaintiff's first amended complaint against Defendants Akanno and Kern Valley State Prison ("KVSP"). Pending before the Court is Defendants' motion for an order revoking Plaintiff's in forma pauperis status, filed October 27, 2010. Defs.' Mot., Doc. 70. Plaintiff filed his opposition on March 28, 2011.*fn1 Pl.'s Opp'n, Doc. 79. Defendants filed their reply on March 31, 2011. Defs.' Reply, Doc. 80.
On May 20, 2011, the Court ordered Defendants to supplement their motion with additional briefing.*fn2 Doc. 87. On June 17, 2011 and July 1, 2011, Defendants filed their supplemental briefs. Docs. 88, 89. On July 5, 2011, Plaintiff filed his supplemental opposition. Doc. 90. The matter is submitted pursuant to Local Rule 230(l).
Title 28 of the United States Code, § 1915(g), which governs in forma pauperis proceedings in federal court, provides:
In no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action or appeal a judgment in a civil action or proceeding under this section if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.
In making a determination as to whether a prisoner plaintiff may proceed in forma pauperis, the Court must consider all civil actions an appeals brought by the prisoner in any federal court. Section 1915(g) is commonly known as the "three strikes" provision. Andrews v. King, 398 F.3d 1113, 1116 n.1 (9th Cir. 2003). "'Strikes' are prior cases or appeals, brought while the plaintiff was a prisoner, which were dismissed 'on the ground that [they were ] frivolous, malicious, or fail  to state a claim.'" Id. (citing 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g)). When a defendant challenges a prisoner's right to proceed in forma pauperis, the defendant bears the burden of producing sufficient evidence to establish that § 1915(g) bars the plaintiff's in forma pauperis status. Id. Once the defendant has made a prima facie case, the burden shifts to the plaintiff to persuade the court that § 1915(g) does not apply. Id.
The Court granted Plaintiff in forma pauperis pursuant to court order on December 11, 2009. Doc. 6. Defendants contend that Plaintiff has accrued three or more strikes pursuant to § 1915(g) and is thus ineligible to proceed in forma pauperis. Defs.' Mem. P. & A. Mot. Dismiss 4:1-6:14. Defendants also contend that Plaintiff does not qualify for in forma pauperis status under the imminent danger exception. Id. at 6:2-14. Defendants move for revocation of Plaintiff's in forma pauperis status.
A. Strikes Pursuant To § 1915(g)
Defendants contend the following are strikes pursuant to ...