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Daniel Delgado v. Ahmed S. Murshed Dba Snap Rose Food Store

August 9, 2011



On March 30, 2011, Plaintiff filed a first amended complaint for declaratory relief, injunctive relief, damages, and attorney fees and costs. Plaintiff contends that Defendants' store's conditions violate 42 U.S.C. § 12182, the Americans with Disabilities Act ("ADA").

On August 8, 2011, at 4:25 p.m., Plaintiff filed an application for a temporary restraining order against Defendants. Plaintiff asks that the court issue a temporary restraining order that orders Defendants Ravinder P. Seth, Ahmed S. Murshed, and Aashima P. Sethi to cease any and all communications with Plaintiff, including telephone calls to Plaintiff, personal visits, sending representatives to meet with Plaintiff, and contacting Plaintiff's family members. Accompanying Plaintiff's application is a declaration from Plaintiff's attorney. Plaintiff's attorney states that an individual named "Ravie", who stated he was the owner of the business Plaintiff was suing, attempted to negotiate a settlement amount with Plaintiff over the telephone. In addition, on August 8, 2011, two males arrived at Plaintiff's place of business and allegedly wanted to talk to Plaintiff about settling the case. When asked to leave, one of the males stated "I know people".

Plaintiff's application states that Plaintiff has been threatened and fears for the life and safety of his family.

On August 8, 2011, at 6:17 p.m., Defendants filed a opposition to Plaintiff's ex parte application. Defendants ask that the court set a briefing schedule on Plaintiff's motion so that Defendants will have the opportunity to provide a correct record of events.

A party seeking a temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction must demonstrate that the party is likely to succeed on the merits, that the party is likely to suffer irreparable harm in the absence of preliminary relief, that the balance of equities tips in the party's favor, and that an injunction is in the public interest. Winter v. Natural Res. Def. Council, Inc., -- U.S. -- , 129 S.Ct. 365, 374 (2008); National Meat Ass'n v. Brown, 599 F.3d 1093, 1097 (9th Cir. 2010). "In each case, courts must balance the competing claims of injury and must consider the effect on each party of the granting or withholding of the requested relief." Indep. Liv. Cntr. of Southern Cal., Inc. v. Maxwell-Jolly, 572 F.3d 644, 651 (9th Cir. 2009) (quoting Winter, 129 S.Ct. at 376) (internal quotation marks omitted)).

Defendants object to Plaintiff's motion on several procedural grounds. However, in considering Plaintiff's application for a temporary restraining order, the court may consider Plaintiff's attorney's declaration, even though it contains hearsay. See Johnson v. Couturier, 572 F.3d 1067, 1083 (9th Cir. 2009); Republic of the Philippines v. Marcos, 862 F.2d 1355, 1363 (9th Cir.1988) (en banc). In addition, while Local Rule 231 requires Plaintiff's attorney to inform Defendants' attorney of the date and time Plaintiff will request a hearing, Plaintiff must also give notice of the time and location of any hearing actually set by the court. Thus the fact Plaintiff's proposed time for a hearing, which has now passed, would have been extraordinarily difficult for Defendants' attorney to make a personal appearance, it is not a violation of the Local Rules.

Based on the allegations in the application for a temporary restraining order, the court is inclined to grant an order that directs the parties, along with the parties' employees and representatives, from contacting any other party concerning the subject matter of this action. This would include any discussions concerning settlement negotiations. There is simply no reason for represented parties or their representatives to discuss on going settlement negotiations taking place between the parties' attorneys. However, after careful consideration, the court has determined that no formal order will be issued at this time.

All parties submitted their briefing within a few hours after hearing about the alleged improper communications. Because represented parties should not discuss the merits of a lawsuit, it appears this entire matter could have been easily resolved by the attorneys conferring with each other and then explaining appropriate negotiation practices to their clients. In addition, the court notes a scheduling conference is set for tomorrow, August 10, 2011. To the extent the parties cannot reach an agreement about the parties' direct communications before the conference, the parties can raise the issue with Magistrate Judge Gary S. Austin so that Magistrate Judge Austin can endeavor to mediate an informal solution.

Given the limited factual information before the court and the informal remedies available to the parties, the court will deny the application for an immediate temporary restraining order at this time. However, in the event the parties cannot reach a reasonable accommodation, the court will set a formal briefing schedule for a noticed preliminary injunction motion.

Accordingly, the court ORDERS that:

1. Plaintiff's application for an immediate temporary restraining order is DENIED without prejudice;

2. Plaintiff may file a fully briefed motion for a preliminary injunction by 4:00 p.m. on August 12, 2011;

3. Defendants may file any opposition to Plaintiff's motion by 4:00 p.m. ...

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