The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable Paul L. Abrams U.S. Magistrate Judge
ORDER GRANTING STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER
In connection with the production of confidential documents and other confidential information in this action, Plaintiff ITC Textile, Ltd. ("Plaintiff) and Defendants Jerry Leigh of California, Inc. and Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ("Defendants") (collectively, the "Parties"), by and through their respective counsel of record, have agreed to be bound by this Protective Order for Confidential Treatment of Documents or Information (the "Protective Order" or "Order").
STATEMENT OF GOOD CAUSE: This action involves claims for copyright infringement Under the Copyright Act of 1976, Title 17 U.S.C. § 101, et seq. The Parties, who are variously manufacturers and vendors of textile designs and apparel retailers, are direct and/or indirect competitors of each other. A primary element of this case is related to Plaintiff's claim that because of Defendants' alleged wrongful acts, Plaintiff has lost substantial business relating to its copyrighted designs. The Parties therefore recognize that extensive discovery requesting information from the Parties, their vendors, customers and clients, including financial information, market information and other commercially and competitively sensitive information may be necessary to prove and/or disprove Plaintiff's claims and Defendants' defenses thereto. There will also potentially be multiple depositions of the Parties' employees or agents and third party vendors, customers or clients and such persons will likely be asked to answer questions on these potentially sensitive subject areas. The Parties, as competitors in the industry, will likely be placed at a competitive or economic disadvantage if such confidential and/or proprietary information is disclosed to other Parties and/or the public at large. This Protective Order is therefore necessary to avoid any prejudice or harm in the form of loss of competitive advantage which would likely result if such information was disclosed in the absence of the protections set forth herein.
This Order is also necessary for the orderly management of this litigation. Without this Order, the exchange of party information, as well as information needed from third parties, including most importantly the Parties' vendors, customers or clients may become logistically very difficult, time consuming and expensive.
A. Definition of "Confidential Information".
1. "Confidential Information," as used herein, means all information in whatever form, such as oral, written, documentary, tangible, intangible, electronic, or digitized now or hereafter in existence that:
(a) is protected under the Uniform Trade Secrets Act, California Civil Code section 3426, et. seq., in that such information derives independent economic value, actual or potential, from not being generally known to, and not being readily ascertainable by proper means, by other persons who can obtain economic value from its disclosure or use; and
(b) is the subject of efforts that are reasonable under the circumstances to maintain its secrecy; and
(c) is otherwise regarded by a party as being confidential, private, or proprietary in nature; and
(d) as illustrative examples only, the Parties anticipate that the following descriptive categories will be designated as Confidential Information under this Order, including, but not limited to, customer lists, confidential financial information of the Parties, including profit margins, sales data, profits, and retail sales summaries, vendor lists, order summaries, confidential contracts, and proprietary fabric/style specifications.
2. Confidential Information is unlimited in kind or form and includes, by way of example only and without limitation thereto, information relating to the following: any products, designs, specifications, tests, plans, studies, surveys, manufacture, distribution, marketing, promotion, advertisement, sales, opportunities, vendors, customers, financial matters, costs, sources, prices, profits, research, development, analysis, know-how, show-how, personnel, strategies, or competition.
B. Production of Confidential Information.
1. All efforts by any party or witness in this matter to designate any information as "Confidential," shall be governed by the terms of this Order. The party by whom any disclosure is made is the "Disclosing Party" and the party to whom any disclosure is made is the "Receiving Party." By receiving any property designated as "Confidential," the Receiving Party agrees not to disclose, publish, disseminate, or use, other than as expressly permitted herein, any such property and will assure that all reasonable efforts are made to prevent any unauthorized use, disclosure, publication or dissemination of such property.
2. All Confidential Information produced by the Disclosing Party to the Receiving Party in whatever form (e.g., documents, materials, things, testimony or other information) during the course of this matter shall be designated "Confidential" or "Confidential-Attorneys' Eyes Only" in accordance with the terms of this Order, infra, prior to disclosure, by use of a reasonably conspicuous and prominent mark. In the case of documents, the mark shall be on every page.
C. Levels of Confidentiality.
Any information designated as "Confidential" or "Confidential-Attorneys' Eyes
Only" shall be restricted in accordance with the following levels of confidentiality: 1. "Confidential-Attorneys' Eyes Only" Documents or Information. A party may designate documents or information as "Confidential-Attorneys' Eyes Only" if the party reasonably believes the documents or information embody (a) materials which are of an extremely high degree of current commercial sensitivity, and (b) would provide a competitive advantage to one or more of the parties to this case if disclosed.
2. "Confidential-Attorneys' Eyes Only" Information designated as "Confidential-Attorneys' Eyes Only" shall be restricted to viewing, or copying by, and disclosure to:
(a) Attorneys acting on behalf of the Parties in this matter;
(b) The office personnel employed by the counsel working under the direct supervision of said counsel;
(c) The United States District Court for the Central District of California and all clerks and other personnel in the United States District Court for the Central District of California, before which this action is pending;
(d) Experts and consultants necessarily retained by counsel of record in this litigation, but only if these experts and consultants comply with this agreement in full and read, sign, and agree to be bound by all of its terms;
(e) Witnesses at depositions or pre-trial proceedings, in accordance with procedures set forth in ...