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Hai Hong v. G. Neotti

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA


September 2, 2011

HAI HONG, PETITIONER,
v.
G. NEOTTI, RESPONDENTS.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: John A. Kronstadt United States District Judge

OPINION AND ORDER ON PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS

On August 2, 2011, Petitioner Hai Hong, proceeding pro se, filed a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus By a Person in State Custody ("Petition") pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. The Petition challenges his conviction in Los Angeles County Superior Court in 1993. (Petition at 2.)

I. PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND

Pursuant to Fed. R. Evid. 201, this Court takes judicial notice of the records in a prior federal habeas corpus action brought by Petitioner in the Central District of California: Hong v. Roe, CV 97-2902-AAH (AJW) ("Hong I"). (See also Petition, Memorandum at 2 ¶ 9.)

On December 17, 1993, a Los Angeles County jury convicted Petitioner of four counts of kidnapping for ransom, robbery, and attempted murder. (Petition at 2.) Petitioner was sentenced to 116 years to life, plus life without the possibility of parole. (Id.) On October 2, 1995, the California Court of Appeal affirmed the judgment. (Id. at 2-3.) On January 24, 1996, the California Supreme Court denied the petition for review. (Id. at 3.) Petitioner did not file any state habeas petitions. (Id.)

In Hong I, on April 24, 1997, Petitioner filed a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus by a Person in State Custody pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. On October 8, 1999, the District Court issued an Order Adopting Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation and Judgment denying the petition with prejudice. Hong I, Dkt. Nos. 31-32. On October 25, 1999, Petitioner filed a Notice of Appeal. Id., Dkt. No. 33. On April 18, 2001, the Ninth Circuit denied Petitioner's request for a certificate of appealability. Id., Dkt. No. 42.

The current petition challenges the same conviction and sentence as Hong I. (Petition at 2.)

II. DISCUSSION

The Petition was filed after enactment of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 ("AEDPA"). Therefore, the Court applies the AEDPA in reviewing the Petition. Lindh v. Murphy, 521 U.S. 320, 336, 117 S. Ct. 2059, 138 L. Ed. 2d 481 (1997).

The AEDPA provides, in pertinent part: "Before a second or successive application permitted by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the application." 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A). A district court does not have jurisdiction to consider a "second or successive" petition absent authorization from the Ninth Circuit. Burton v. Stewart, 549 U.S. 147, 152, 127 S. Ct. 793, 166 L. Ed. 2d 628 (2007); Cooper v. Calderon, 274 F.3d 1270, 1274 (9th Cir. 2001) ("When the AEDPA is in play, the district court may not, in the absence of proper authorization from the court of appeals, consider a second or successive habeas application.") (citation and quotation marks omitted).

Here, the Petition is a second or successive petition that challenges the same conviction and sentence imposed by the same judgment of the state court as in Hong I. (Petition at 2, Memo at 2 ¶ 9.) The petition in Hong I was denied with prejudice.

It plainly appears from the face of the Petition that Petitioner has not received authorization from the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals to file a second or successive petition. This Court must, therefore, dismiss the Petition as a successive petition for which it lacks jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3). See Burton, 549 U.S. at 152.

Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States Courts provides that "[i]f it plainly appears from the face of the petition and any attached exhibits that the petitioner is not entitled to relief in the district court, the judge must dismiss the petition and direct the clerk to notify the petitioner." Here, summary dismissal is warranted.

III. ORDER IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Judgment be entered summarily dismissing the Petition and action for lack of subject matter jurisdiction.

Presented by: ALICIA G. ROSENBERG United States Magistrate Judge

20110902

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