IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
September 6, 2011
ELWOOD DUANE HAYES, PETITIONER,
CALIFORNIA SUPREME COURT, ET AL., RESPONDENTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Kendall J. Newman United States Magistrate Judge
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Petitioner, a state prisoner proceeding without counsel, has filed a 377-page amended*fn1 petition for writ of mandamus to compel the California Supreme Court to rule on his petition for writ of mandate pending in that court. Petitioner also names California's Third District Court of Appeal, the Siskiyou County Superior Court, the California Attorney General, and petitioner's appellate counsel, Thea Greenholgh. Petitioner seeks to challenge his conviction and sentence on several grounds, including ineffective assistance of counsel. In addition, petitioner has filed two motions to stay this action, pending a ruling from the California Supreme Court.*fn2 (Dkt. Nos. 7, 8.) Petitioner has been granted in forma pauperis status. (Dkt. No. 3.)
This action lacks merit. Federal courts lack jurisdiction to issue a writ of mandamus directed at state courts or their judges. Demos v. United States District Court, 925 F.2d 1160, 1161 (9th Cir. 1991) (petition for writ of mandamus to compel state court action is frivolous as a matter of law), citing 28 U.S.C. § 1651. Rather, "[t]he district courts shall have original jurisdiction of any action in the nature of mandamus [only] to compel an officer or employee of the United States or agency thereof to perform a duty owed to the plaintiff." 28 U.S.C. § 1361. Thus, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1651, federal courts may issue only those "writs necessary or appropriate in aid of their respective jurisdictions," that is, within a federal court's subject matter jurisdiction as defined by statute. See Commercial Security Bank v. Walker Bank & Trust Co., 456 F.2d 1352, 1355 (10th Cir. 1972) ("Section 1651(a) does not operate to confer jurisdiction; ancillary jurisdiction is provided where jurisdiction is otherwise already lodged in the court") (fn. omitted).
Because petitioner may not seek a writ of mandamus from a federal court to direct the conduct of state officials, his petition must be dismissed, and this action closed.*fn3
Accordingly, for the reasons stated herein, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that:
1. Petitioner's amended petition for a writ of mandamus (Dkt. No. 4) be dismissed with prejudice for lack of jurisdiction;
2. Petitioner's motions to stay this action (Dkt. Nos. 7, 8) be denied as moot; and
3. This action be closed.
These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within 14 days after being served with these findings and recommendations, plaintiff may file written objections with the court. The document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Plaintiff is advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).