IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
September 12, 2011
VALENTINA KOLODRIVSKIY, PLAINTIFF,
WACHOVIA BANK, MORTGAGE, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gregory G. Hollows United States Magistrate Judge
This action was referred to the undersigned pursuant to Local Rule 302(c)(21). It was removed from state court on February 9, 2011. On July 11, 2011, defendant Wachovia Bank Mortgage ("Wachovia") was dismissed from the case with prejudice pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b). Plaintiff's claims against defendant ETS Services, LLC ("ETS") remain pending.
On August 8, 2011, Wachovia filed a motion for attorneys' fees. Local
Rule 293 provides that "[m]otions for awards of attorneys' fees to
prevailing parties pursuant to statute shall be filed not later than
twenty-eight (28) days after entry of final judgment." L.R. 293(a)
(emphasis added). See also Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(d)(2).*fn1
However, no final judgment has been entered in this case. The
Court's July 11, 2011 order dismissing plaintiff's claims against
Wachovia with prejudice does not qualify as a final judgment, because
it does not adjudicate all the parties' rights and liabilities in the
entire action. Importantly, the order did not address the pending
claims against ETS.
Under some circumstances, a court may direct the entry of a partial final judgment. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 54(b) provides that:
When an action presents more than one claim for relief -- whether as a claim, counterclaim, cross-claim, or third-party claim -- or when multiple parties are involved, the court may direct entry of a final judgment as to one or more, but fewer than all, claims or parties only if the court expressly determines that there is no just reason for delay.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(b). However, the Ninth Circuit has held that "[j]udgments under Rule 54(b) must be reserved for the unusual case in which the costs and risks of multiplying the number of proceedings and of overcrowding the appellate docket are outbalanced by pressing needs of the litigants for an early and separate judgment as to some claims or parties." Morrison-Knudsen Co. v. Archer, 655 F.2d 962, 965 (9th Cir. 1981). In the absence of an entered judgment, "any order...however designated, that adjudicates fewer than all the claims or the rights and liabilities of fewer than all the parties does not end the action as to any of the claims or parties...." Rule 54 (b).
The Court did not, in its July 11, 2011 order, direct the entry of a partial final judgment. Accordingly, Wachovia's motion for attorneys' fees is premature.*fn2 See e.g. RD Legal Funding, LLC v. Erwin & Balingit, LLP, 2010 WL 1416968, at *1-2 (S.D. Cal. Apr. 8, 2010) (denying a plaintiff's motion for entry of partial judgment as to some defendants, and for attorneys' fees, where claims against another defendant remained pending); Camellia Park Homeowners Assoc. v. Greenbriar Homes Co., 882 F. Supp. 150, 150-51 (N.D. Cal. 1995) (denying fee motion brought after summary adjudication of certain claims where other claims remained unresolved).
For the reasons discussed above, IT IS ORDERED that:
1. Wachovia's motion for attorneys' fees (dkt. no. 18) is DENIED WITHOUT PREJUDICE. Wachovia may re-file its motion after the entry of a final judgment in this action in accordance with L.R. 293.
2. The hearing on this motion currently set for September 15, 2011 at 10:00 a.m. is VACATED.