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Arina V. Donato-Gatto v. Benjamin andrew Gatto

September 13, 2011


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hayes, Judge:


The matters before the Court are the Order to Show Cause issued by the Court, the Motion for Leave to Proceed In Forma Pauperis (ECF No. 2) and the Motion for Appointment of Counsel (ECF No. 3) filed by Plaintiff Arina V. Donato-Gatto.

I. Background

August 9, 2011, Plaintiff Arina V. Donato-Gatto, proceeding pro se, initiated this action by filing the "Complaint for Breach of Contract (I-864 Affidavit of Support)." (ECF No. 1). Plaintiff alleges that on September 29, 2000, she married Defendant Benjamin Gatto in Korea. On August 6, 2001, Defendant Gatto entered into a form I-864 affidavit of support listing the sponsored immigrants as Plaintiff and Plaintiff's son. On September 20, 2007, Plaintiff and Defendant dissolved the marriage. Plaintiff alleges that "[o]n February 23, 2010, [Plaintiff] was denied her request for Calworks based upon [Defendant's] sponsorship of her." Id. at 1. Plaintiff alleges that "[s]ince the date of the [dissolution of the marriage, Defendant] has never provided any support pursuant to the requirements of the affidavit of support form I-864 to [Plaintiff] or [Plaintiff's son]." Id. at 2. Plaintiff has completed a civil cover sheet in which she states that the basis of the Court's jurisdiction over this matter is pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332 and that she demands $58,840.00. Id. at 3.

II. Order to Show Cause

On August 11, 2011, this Court issued an Order stating:

As the party seeking to invoke the jurisdiction of this court, Plaintiff bears the burden of establishing the 'actual existence of subject matter jurisdiction.' See Thompson v. McComb, 99 F.3d 352, 353 (9th Cir. 1996).'Subject matter jurisdiction based upon diversity of citizenship requires that no defendant have the same citizenship as any plaintiff.' Tosco Corp. v. Communities for a Better Environment, 236 F.3d 495, 499 (9th Cir. 2001). ... Plaintiff has failed to allege facts to show that this action involves a matter in controversy which exceeds $75,000 and that the citizenship of the parties are diverse. Plaintiff is hereby ORDERED TO SHOW CAUSE why this case should not be dismissed for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. Plaintiff shall respond to this order on or before September 12, 2011. If Plaintiff fails to respond or fails to establish that this Court has jurisdiction this case will be dismissed without prejudice. (ECF No. 4).

On August 19, 2011, Plaintiff filed an "Amendment to Complaint" which responds to the Order to Show Cause and states: "The basis for this Court's jurisdiction is not diversity, but federal question jurisdiction to enforce an I-864, Affidavit of Support, under §213A of the Immigration and Nationality Act." (ECF no. 6 at 1).

"A Form I-864 is a legally enforceable contract between the sponsor and both the United States Government and the sponsored immigrant." Shumye v. Felleke, 555 F. Supp. 2d 1020, 1023 (N.D. Cal. 2008). "An action to enforce an affidavit of support executed under subsection (a) of this section may be brought against the sponsor in any appropriate court-- (1) by a sponsored alien, with respect to financial support." 8 U.S.C. § 1183a(e)(1); see also Davis v. United States, 499 F.3d 590, 594-95 (6th Cir. 2007); Montgomery v. Montgomery, 764 F. Supp. 2d 328, 334 n.5 (D. N.H. 2011) (finding that a claim to enforce an affidavit of support presents a federal question). The Court finds that Plaintiff has adequately established the existence of subject matter jurisdiction based on federal question.

III. In Forma Pauperis

All parties instituting any civil action, suit or proceeding in a district court of the United States, except an application for writ of habeas corpus, must pay a filing fee of $350. See 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a). An action may proceed despite a plaintiff's failure to prepay the entire fee only if the plaintiff is granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). See Rodriguez v. Cook, 169 F.3d 1176, 1177 (9th Cir. 1999).

In her declaration accompanying the Motion to Proceed In Forma Pauperis, Plaintiff states that she is not currently employed and was last employed in November 2009 earning $300 per week. (ECF No. 2 at 2). Plaintiff states that in the last twelve months her son has received social security benefits and she has received two weeks of unemployment benefits in the amount of $368. Id. Plaintiff states that she has no money in her checking account. Plaintiff states that she does not have any other significant assets such as a vehicle, real estate, stocks, bonds or securities. Plaintiff states that she supports her son in the amount of $150 per week and has debts for "evictions, medical bills, dental bills, [and] cosmetology school." Id. at 2-3.

The Court has reviewed Plaintiff's declaration of assets and finds it is sufficient to show that Plaintiff is unable to pay the fees or post securities required to maintain this action. Plaintiff's Motion to Proceed In Forma Pauperis (ECF No. 2) pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a) is GRANTED.

Notwithstanding Plaintiff's indigence, a complaint filed by any person proceeding in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. ยง 1915(a) is also subject to mandatory review and sua sponte dismissal to the extent it "is frivolous or malicious; fails to state a claim on which relief may be ...

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