IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA SAN FRANCISCO DIVISION
September 15, 2011
WELLS FARGO BANK, N.A, TRUSTEE FOR CARRINGTON MORTGAGE LOAN
TRUST, ITS SUCCESSORS AND/OR ASSIGNS. PLAINTIFF,
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Richard Seeborg United States District Judge
ORDER OF SUMMARY REMAND
This case was removed from Alameda Superior Court where it was pending as an unlawful detainer action against pro se defendant Mario Margo. On August 4, 2010, Plaintiff Wells Fargo 19 filed a First Amended post foreclosure unlawful detainer claim against Margo. Under 28 U.S.C. § 1446(c)(4), when a notice of removal is filed, the court is directed to examine it "promptly" and, "[i]f it clearly appears on the face of the notice and any exhibits annexed thereto that removal should 22 not be permitted, the court shall make an order for summary remand." In this case, summary 23 remand is appropriate.
Margo removed this action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1331 alleging that this action arises under federal law. The existence of federal question jurisdiction is governed by the "well-pleaded 26 complaint rule." Holmes Group, Inc. v. Vornado Air Circulation Systems, Inc., 535 U.S. 826, 830 (2002). The rule applies equally to evaluating the existence of federal questions in cases brought 28 initially in this Court and in removed cases. Id. at n. 2. Under that rule, a federal question must be presented by what is or should have been alleged in the complaint. Id. at 830.Thus, the fact that a 2 federal question may be implicated through matters raised by demurrer, answer, or counterclaim is 3 insufficient. 4
According to Margo, the plaintiff violated a number of provisions in the Helping Families Save Their Homes Act of 2009 by not providing him with 90 day notice to quit. See Public Law 6 111-22. It is unclear whether this federal law is relevant to his defense or potential counterclaim. In 7 either case, the purported federal question is not raised in plaintiff's complaint and therefore does 8 not give rise to removal jurisdiction. 9
Accordingly, this action is hereby remanded to the Alameda Superior Court. Plaintiff's pending motion to remand is denied as moot.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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