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Damon anderson v. Michael J. Astrue

September 16, 2011


The opinion of the court was delivered by: VICTOR B. Kenton United States Magistrate Judge


This matter is before the Court for review of the decision by the Commissioner of Social Security denying Plaintiff's application for disability benefits. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §636(c), the parties have consented that the case may be handled by the Magistrate Judge. The action arises under 42 U.S.C. §405(g), which authorizes the Court to enter judgment upon the pleadings and transcript of the record before the Commissioner. The parties have filed the Joint Stipulation ("JS"), and the Commissioner has filed the certified Administrative Record ("AR").

Plaintiff raises the following issues:

1. Whether the Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ") properly held that Plaintiff can perform his past relevant work as a mail clerk.

2. Whether the ALJ properly considered the demands of Plaintiff's past relevant work.

3. Whether the ALJ properly considered Plaintiff's testimony and made correct credibility findings.

(JS at 2-3.)

This Memorandum Opinion will constitute the Court's findings of fact and conclusions of law. After reviewing the matter, the Court concludes that the decision of the Commissioner must be affirmed.


THE ALJ PROPERLY DETERMINED THAT PLAINTIFF CAN PERFORM HIS PAST RELEVANT WORK AS A MAIL CLERK Following an administrative hearing (AR 18-33), at which testimony was taken from a vocational expert ("VE"), the ALJ issued a Decision (AR 9-17), assessing that, at Step Four of the sequential evaluation process, Plaintiff could return to his past relevant work ("PRW") as a mail clerk, DOT 209.687-026. (AR 16.) This was based on the ALJ's determination of Plaintiff's residual functional capacity ("RFC"), which precluded Plaintiff, in part, from working with moving machinery. (AR 13.)

In his first issue, Plaintiff contends that the ALJ erred because his PRW as a mail clerk, as that occupation's non-exertional requirements are defined in the Dictionary of Occupational Titles ("DOT") would require him to work with moving machinery. Plaintiff contends that there exists a deviation between the identified job and the requirements of the DOT which was not sufficiently explained by the ALJ.

In questioning the VE, the ALJ asked her to insure that her testimony is consistent with the DOT, and if not, to identify the deviation. (AR 31.) In response, the VE identified Plaintiff's PRW as mail clerk. Plaintiff's argument that he is not capable of this job because of the moving machinery preclusion is not well taken, because the DOT definition of mail clerk does not require that the person work around moving machinery. As identified, a mail clerk can open envelopes by hand or machine, and can similarly seal envelopes in the same fashion. As the Commissioner concedes, it might be argued that the function of addressing mail could require use of machinery, but this does not defeat the ALJ's identification of this job as being within Plaintiff's RFC at Step Four, for several reasons. First, the DOT contains a separate job identification entitled "Addressing -Machine Operator (Clerical), DOT 208.582-010." Second, as a matter of legal application, the DOT lists the maximum requirements of occupations as they are generally performed. (See Social Security Ruling ("SSR") 00-4p.) In this regard, where there might only be a slight discrepancy between the job identification in the DOT and a particular individual's RFC, a VE's testimony can resolve that apparent distinction. Here, the deviation, if any, is so de minimis as to allow expert VE testimony to identify that particular job as available to this Plaintiff. Any more substantial deviation, however, would require testimony by the VE to explain the deviation. Any other rule would simply allow a VE's testimony, per se, and without any explanation, to substitute for the exertional or non-exertional requirements of a particular identified job. Here, the VE was specifically asked to identify any available jobs in accordance with the requirements of the DOT. It can be fair to presume, therefore, that the slight variation or deviation between Plaintiff's RFC and the general non-exertional requirements of the identified job was sufficiently resolved by the VE's testimony, based upon her expertise. In this circumstance, the Court cannot find any error.

Plaintiff's second issue does not merit substantial attention. There he questions whether the ALJ properly considered the demands of his past relevant work. His argument is that the ALJ performed insufficient fact finding in determining "the actual physical and mental demands of plaintiff's past relevant work." (JS at 8.)

This argument has no merit, because it is factually incorrect. Indeed, there is substantial evidence in the record about Plaintiff's PRW. For example, in his Disability Report - Adult, Plaintiff described his duties in that job. (AR 128-134.) The ALJ further considered vocational information in making his findings of fact. (AR 31-32, 129-30, 137, 146-48.) Further, as required by statute, the Commissioner "will take administrative notice of reliable job ...

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