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California Sportfishing Protection Alliance v. William Callaway

September 26, 2011


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gregory G. Hollows United States Magistrate Judge


Previously pending on this court's law and motion calendar for April 28, 2011, was plaintiff's motion to compel inspections of land and property, filed March 15, 2011.*fn1

Defendant did not participate in the joint statement, but filed an opposition to the motion on the day of the hearing. Erik Roper appeared on behalf of plaintiff. Defendant Callaway*fn2 appeared pro se.

On May 2, 2011, this court deferred ruling on plaintiff's motion to compel pending completion of a settlement conference. The settlement proceedings were not fruitful, and further settlement conference was cancelled on September 9, 2011. Accordingly, plaintiff's motion to compel will now be addressed.


This case is proceeding on the amended complaint, filed June 21, 2011. California Sportfishing Protection Alliance ("CSPA") is proceeding as a "citizen enforcer," under the Clean Water Act, 33 U.S.C. § 1251 et seq., alleging that William Callaway, dba Paradise Ready Mix, Inc. ("PRM") is continuing to violate the terms of the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permit based on storm water discharged from defendant's ready mix concrete facility in Paradise. In addition to these alleged violations, plaintiff further alleges that defendant failed to implement the required Best Available Technology Economically Achievable ("BAT") for toxic and non-conventional pollutants, and Best Conventional Pollutant Control Technology ("BCT") for conventional pollutants, and that he failed to develop and implement an adequate Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan and adequate Monitoring and Reporting Program. Plaintiff seeks civil penalties, injunctive relief and costs.

Plaintiff seeks to compel inspection of defendant's facility pursuant to CSPA's second and third formal notices of inspection issued February 14, 2011. There are two requests for inspection noticed: the second request for inspection seeks one dry inspection and was initially noticed for March 21, 2011; the third request is for three "wet" inspections, during the wet season, March 21 through May 31, 2011.


The requests for inspection seek to inspect areas or equipment from which liquids or runoff may drain, including storm drains, surfaces, loading or unloading areas, maintenance areas, storage areas, fueling areas, bermed areas, entrances, exits, storm water pollution management measures, and areas of potential spill. Samples requested include soil, materials, product and runoff. Plaintiff seeks an order of a dry inspection from thirty days of a court order to December 30, 2011. It seeks three wet inspections prior to December 30, 2011. Plaintiff also seeks fees incurred in bringing the instant motion.

Although defendant responded to plaintiff's first request for inspection (which is not at issue here), he did not respond to plaintiff's second or third requests for inspection. In communication both by phone and by email, Mr. Callaway absolutely refused to grant CSPA access to the Facility for inspections. (Pl.'s Exs. C, D.) Plaintiff argues that pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 34(b)(2)(A), defendant has waived any right to object because he failed to raise any formal objections whatsoever. (Roper Aff., ¶ 16.) Although Rule 34 does not specifically provide for a waiver where an objection is absent or untimely, courts have held that such failure may be deemed a waiver. Covad Communications Co. v. Revonet, Inc., 258 F.R.D. 17, 25 (D.D.C. 2009).

With respect to the joint statement, plaintiff submitted its draft to defendant, who did not respond to it. (Id., Exs. E, F.) After several phone calls from plaintiff's counsel, defendant finally informed plaintiff that he was refusing to participate in drafting a joint statement but would be filing his own pleading, in violation of E. D. Local Rule 251. Plaintiff did not file an opposition to the motion until the morning of the hearing, at which time he also filed a motion for protective order. To the extent the rules construe plaintiff's motion as one concerning a complete and total failure to respond to a discovery request, defendant's opposition is untimely, and it will not be considered. E. D. Local Rule 251(e).

Plaintiff's second and third requests for inspections will be granted. The requests are relevant to plaintiff's allegations in the amended complaint that defendant has not complied with federal and state law in controlling discharge of pollutants in the storm water from defendant's facility. CSPA can inspect defendant's property to determine whether defendant is properly managing storm water discharges. The requests are also narrowly tailored as to time and areas to be inspected. (Roper Aff., ¶¶ 26, 28.)


Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ...

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