IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
September 26, 2011
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
FREDERICK SCOTT SALYER
BENJAMIN B. WAGNER United States Attorney R. STEVEN LAPHAM MATTHEW D. SEGAL JARED. C. DOLAN Assistant U.S. Attorneys 501 I Street, Suite 10-100 Sacramento, California 95814 Telephone: (916) 554-2700 RICHARD COHEN ANNA T. PLETCHER TAI S. MILDER Trial Attorneys U.S. Department of Justice Antitrust Division 450 Golden Gate Avenue, Room 10-0101 San Francisco, California 94102 Telephone: (415) 436-6660
ORDER REGARDING COMPUTATION OF TIME UNDER THE SPEEDY TRIAL ACT
The Defendant made his first appearance in this District and was arraigned on February 26, 2010. (Dkt. No. 14.) Pursuant to the Speedy Trial Act ("STA"), trial was to commence within seventy days of that date, unless time was properly excluded from those seventy days. 18 U.S.C. § 3161(c)(1).
In this case, time has been properly and automatically excluded for all but the seven-day period between March 3, 2010 and March 11, 2010. This is chiefly because of the very active motions and appellate practice in this case. The filing of "any pretrial motion" automatically excludes time from the filing of the motion through the conclusion of the hearing on, or other prompt disposition of, such motion. See 18 U.S.C. § 3161(h)(1)(D); Henderson v. United States, 476 U.S. 321, 327 (1986). "[T]he filing of a pretrial motion falls within this provision irrespective of whether it actually causes, or is expected to cause, delay in starting a trial." United States v. Tinklenberg, 131 S.Ct. 2007, 2010 (May 26, 2011).
The Magistrate considered the Government's detention motion between February 26, 2010 and March 3, 2010. (Dkt. Nos. 14, 24.) Then, there were pending motions related to the Defendant's detention or release between March 11, 2010, when the Defendant filed his Motion to Reconsider with this Court, and April 13, 2011, when this Court denied the Defendant's application for release upon posting of the residence that was burdened by a lis pendens. (Dkt. Nos. 35, 65.)
Time is also excluded for delay resulting from "any interlocutory appeal." 18 U.S.C. § 3161(h)(1)(C). This exclusion basis also applies automatically. See, e.g., United States v. Pete, 525 F.3d 844, 848 (9th Cir. 2008). Appeal of a detention order is an interlocutory appeal under this subsection. See United States v. Davenport, 935 F.2d 1223, 1230 (11th Cir. 1991); United States v. Hawkins, 788 F.3d 200, 202-203 (4th Cir. 1986). The Defendant's appeal of this Court's release conditions was pending from when the Defendant filed his Notice of Appeal on April 13, 2011 to when the Ninth Circuit issued its Mandate on August 11, 2011. (Dkt. No. 77, 198.)*fn1
At times, this Court has made excludable time findings that overlapped with the various periods automatically excluded for pending motions and appeals. (Dkt. Nos. 86, 106, 123, 203.) The primary basis for these "ends of justice" continuances has been the Court's cognizance of the very substantial volume and special character of the discovery in this case. Thus, the Court found that the period April 13, 2010 to April 27, 2010 should be excluded from calculation under the STA based on the Court's finding that the ends of justice served by taking such action outweighed the best interest of the public and the defendant in a speedy trial. 18 U.S.C. § 3161(h)(7)(A). This case was found to be so unusual and complex, do the nature of the prosecution, that it was unreasonable to expect adequate preparation for pretrial proceedings within the time limits established by the STA. 18 U.S.C. § 3161(h)(7)(B)(ii). What the Court knew about the search warrants, Title III applications, volume of evidence, electronic format for some of the seized evidence, and nature of the charges made it necessary to exclude time for this period.
The Court also found that the period April 27, 2010 to August 17, 2010 was excludable based on its finding that the ends of justice served by taking such action outweighed the best interest of the public and the defendant in a speedy trial. 18 U.S.C. § 3161(h)(7)(A). This was based on the Court's finding that although the case might not be so complex as earlier found, failure to exclude time would have denied counsel for the Defendant the reasonable time necessary for effective preparation, taking into account the exercise of due diligence.
18 U.S.C. § 3161(h)(7)(B)(iv). As already explained, this continuance was appropriate "in order to permit defense counsel to evaluate the voluminous discovery and prepare motions." (Dkt. No. 203 at 2.)
On July 20, 2010, the Defendant filed his Motions to Suppress. (Dkt. Nos. 141-170.) This automatically tolled time under the STA. 18 U.S.C. § 3161(h)(1)(D). Most of those motions are still pending and time is still excluded.