The opinion of the court was delivered by: Lawrence J. O'Neill United States District Judge
ORDER ADOPTING FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS (Doc. 48.) FOR RETALIATION AND OBSTRUCTION OF MAIL, AND DISMISSING ALL OTHER CLAIMS AND DEFENDANTS
ORDER FOR THIS ACTION TO PROCEED ONLY AGAINST DEFENDANT C/O M. HERNANDEZ ON PLAINTIFF'S CLAIMS
Kelly Morgan ("Plaintiff") is a state prisoner proceeding pro se in this civil rights action filed pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The case now proceeds on the Third Amended Complaint filed by Plaintiff on July 28, 2011. (Doc. 45.) The matter was referred to a United States Magistrate Judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Local Rule 302.
On September 8, 2011, the Court entered Findings and Recommendations, recommending that this action proceed only against defendant C/O M. Hernandez on Plaintiff's claims for retaliation and obstruction of mail, and that all other claims and defendants be dismissed based on Plaintiff's failure to state a claim. (Doc. 48.) On September 30, 2011, Plaintiff filed objections and submitted a proposed amendment to the Third Amended Complaint. (Doc. 49.)
In accordance with the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636 (b)(1)(B) and Local Rule 304, this Court has conducted a de novo review of this case. Having carefully reviewed the entire file, including Plaintiff's objections, the Court finds the Findings and Recommendations to be supported by the record and proper analysis.
Plaintiff objects to the Magistrate's recommendation that this action proceed only against defendant C/O M. Hernandez for retaliation and obstruction of mail. Plaintiff seeks to add allegations to the Third Amended Complaint that defendants C/O A. Diaz and C/O A. Silviera assaulted him. Plaintiff contends there is evidence of the assault contained in his form-602 prison appeals "which you have as evidence in the courts." (Doc. 49 at ¶2.)
Rule 15(a) -- Motion to Amend
Under Rule 15(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, a party may amend the party's pleading once as a matter of course at any time before a responsive pleading is served. Otherwise, a party may amend only by leave of the court or by written consent of the adverse party, and leave shall be freely given when justice so requires. Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a). In this case, Plaintiff has previously amended the complaint three times. (Docs. 23, 43, 45.) Therefore, Plaintiff may not file another amended complaint without leave of court.
"Rule 15(a) is very liberal and leave to amend 'shall be freely given when justice so requires.'" AmerisourceBergen Corp. v. Dialysis West, Inc., 445 F.3d 1132, 1136 (9th Cir. 2006) (quoting Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a)). However, courts "need not grant leave to amend where the amendment: (1) prejudices the opposing party; (2) is sought in bad faith; (3) produces an undue delay in the litigation; or (4) is futile." Id. The factor of "'[u]ndue delay by itself . . . is insufficient to justify denying a motion to amend.'" Owens v. Kaiser Foundation Health Plan, Inc., 244 F.3d 708, 712,13 (9th Cir. 2001) (quoting Bowles v. Reade, 198 F.3d 752, 757-58 (9th Cir. 1999)) The "court's discretion to deny leave to amend is particularly broad where the court has already given the plaintiff an opportunity to amend his complaint." Fidelity Financial Corp. v. Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco, 792 F.2d 1432, 1438 (9th Cir. 1986).
The Court finds no good cause to grant Plaintiff leave to amend the Third Amended Complaint at this stage of the proceedings to add allegations of assault by defendants Diaz and Silviera. The Court screened the Third Amended Complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a) and found cognizable claims only against defendant Hernandez, for retaliation and obstruction of mail.
(Doc. 47.) Addition of a claim for assault against defendants Diaz and Silviera at this juncture would violate Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 18(a) which prohibits multiple unrelated claims against different defendants in the same action. There is no evidence that the alleged assault is related to Plaintiff's cognizable claims against defendant Hernandez. Therefore, it would be futile for Plaintiff to amend the complaint to add the assault claim. Accordingly, Plaintiff's motion to amend shall be denied.
Based on the foregoing, THE COURT HEREBY ORDERS that:
1. The Findings and Recommendations issued by the Magistrate Judge on September 9, ...