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James Allen Thomas v. Warden William Knipp
October 21, 2011
JAMES ALLEN THOMAS, PETITIONER,
WARDEN WILLIAM KNIPP,
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Audrey B. Collins United States District Judge
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This is the second habeas corpus petition petitioner has filed in this court challenging his 1997 conviction of second degree murder and assault with a deadly weapon.*fn1 [Petition at 2]. Petitioner's first petition raised two claims for relief: (1) the trial court erroneously denied petitioner's request to represent himself; and (2) the trial court erroneously refused to instruct the jury on the lesser included offense of voluntary manslaughter. Case No. CV 00-1949-ABC(AIJ). The petition was denied on the merits on August 22, 2001, and petitioner did not appeal. In this second petition, petitioner again challenges his 1997 conviction, raising claims of prosecutorial misconduct, ineffective assistance of counsel, judicial bias, and police misconduct. [Petition at 5-6].
A federal court must dismiss a second or successive petition that raises the same grounds as a prior petition. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(1). A federal court must also dismiss a second or successive petition raising a new ground unless the petitioner can show that (1) the claim rests on a new, retroactive, constitutional right or (2) the factual basis of the claim was not previously discoverable through due diligence, and the new facts establish by clear and convincing evidence that but for the constitutional error, no reasonable factfinder would have found the applicant guilty of the underlying offense. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(2)(A)-(B). It is not the district court, however, that decides whether a second or successive petition meets the requirements permitting a petitioner to file a second or successive petition. Rather, "[b]efore a second or successive application permitted by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the application." 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A); see Felker v. Turpin, 518 U.S. 651, 656-657 (1996). Absent authorization from the court of appeals, this court lacks jurisdiction over this second or successive petition. Greenawalt v. Stewart, 105 F.3d 1268, 1277 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 519 U.S. 1102 (1997).
Because petitioner has not obtained leave from the Court of Appeals to file a successive petition, this court lacks jurisdiction to consider it. Accordingly, the petition is dismissed.
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