The opinion of the court was delivered by: Margaret A. Nagle United States Magistrate Judge
PROTECTIVE ORDER ENTERED PURSUANT TO THE PARTIES' STIPULATION
Pursuant to Rule 26(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and based on the parties' Stipulated Protective Order ("Stipulation") filed on October 17, 2011, the terms of the protective order to which the parties have agreed are adopted as a protective order of this Court (which generally shall govern the pretrial phase of this action) except to the extent, as set forth below, that those terms have been substantively modified by the Court's amendment of Paragraphs III., VI., and IX. of, and Exhibit A to, the Stipulation.
The parties are expressly cautioned that the designation of any information, document, or thing as "Confidential," "Confidential Information," or other designation(s) used by the parties, does not, in and of itself, create any entitlement to file such information, document, or thing, in whole or in part, under seal. Accordingly, reference to this Protective Order or to the parties' designation of any information, document, or thing as "Confidential," "Confidential Information," or other designation(s) used by the parties, is wholly insufficient to warrant a filing under seal.
There is a strong presumption that the public has a right of access to judicial proceedings and records in civil cases. In connection with non-dispositive motions, good cause must be shown to support a filing under seal. The parties mere designation of any information, document, or thing as "Confidential," "Confidential Information," or other designation(s) used by the parties, does not -- without the submission of competent evidence, in the form of a declaration or declarations, establishing that the material sought to be filed under seal qualifies as confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable -- constitute good cause.
Further, if sealing is requested in connection with a dispositive motion or trial, then compelling reasons, as opposed to good cause, for the sealing must be shown, and the relief sought shall be narrowly tailored to serve the specific interest to be protected. See Pintos v. Pacific Creditors Ass'n, 605 F.3d 665, 677-79 (9th Cir. 2010). For each item or type of information, document, or thing sought to be filed or introduced under seal in connection with a dispositive motion or trial, the party seeking protection must articulate compelling reasons, supported by specific facts and legal justification, for the requested sealing order. Again, competent evidence supporting the application to file documents under seal must be provided by declaration.
Any document that is not confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable in its entirety will not be filed under seal if the confidential portions can be redacted. If documents can be redacted, then a redacted version for public viewing, omitting only the confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable portions of the document, shall be filed. Any application that seeks to file documents under seal in their entirety should include an explanation of why redaction is not feasible.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this Protective Order, in the event that this case proceeds to trial, all information, documents, and things discussed or introduced into evidence at trial will become public and available to all members of the public, including the press, unless sufficient cause is shown in advance of trial to proceed otherwise.
THE PARTIES ARE DIRECTED TO REVIEW CAREFULLY AND ACT IN COMPLIANCE WITH ALL ORDERS ISSUED BY THE HONORABLE GARY A. FEESS, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE, INCLUDING THOSE APPLICABLE TO PROTECTIVE ORDERS AND THE TREATMENT OF CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION.
TERMS OF PROTECTIVE ORDER
(a) The parties assert that discovery may require disclosure of information that is private and personal or confidential and proprietary, specifically personnel policies, employment offers, competitive analyses, income statements, employee, client, or customer personal information (including, but not limited to medical, age, and contact information), medical records, and financial records and statements, along with other trade secret information as defined in California Civil Code, § 3426.1. As a result, the parties have stipulated to the entry of this Protective Order to ensure the continuing confidentiality of such information. The parties have acknowledged that this Protective Order does not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to discovery and that the protection it affords extends only to the limited information or items that are entitled under the applicable legal principles to treatment as confidential.
(b) This Protective Order shall limit the use or disclosure of documents, deposition testimony, and related information which are or which embody or disclose any information falling with the scope of Section (1)(a) and are designated hereunder as "Confidential," and it shall apply to:
(i) All such documents, including those from third parties, so designated in accordance with this Protective Order and applicable legal standards and definitions and all information contained therein;
(ii) Portions of deposition testimony and transcripts and exhibits thereto which include, refer, or relate to any Confidential Information;
(iii) All information, copies, extracts, and complete or partial summaries prepared or derived from Confidential Information; and
(iv) Portions of briefs, memoranda, or any writing filed with or otherwise supplied to the Court, which include or refer to any such Confidential Information.
(c) Any person designating documents, testimony, or other information as "Confidential" hereunder asserts that he or she believes in good faith that such material is Confidential Information which falls within the scope of Section (1)(a) and is not otherwise available to the public generally. Each party or non-party that designates information or items for protection under this Protective Order must take care to limit any such designation to specific material that qualifies under the appropriate standards. A designating party must take care to designate for protection only those parts of material, documents, items, or oral or written communications that qualify so that other portions of the material, documents, items, or communications for which protection is not warranted are not swept unjustifiably within the ambit of this Protective Order.
II. DESIGNATION OF DOCUMENTS AND DEPOSITIONS
(a) Designation of a document as "Confidential" shall be made by stamping or writing CONFIDENTIAL on the document(s). Alternatively, the parties may designate documents as "Confidential" by producing the documents with a letter designating the documents by Bates number as "Confidential." The parties shall make every effort to designate as "Confidential" only those documents that they reasonably believe constitute personnel policies, employment offers, competitive analyses, income statements, employee, client or customer personal information, medical records, financial records and statements, and trade secret information as defined in California Civil Code, § 3426.1. The failure to designate documents as "Confidential" at the time of production shall not constitute a waiver of the protection of this Protective Order, and any party may, at any time up to 30 days before the actual trial date in this action, designate any documents or information produced as confidential that have not as yet been so designated. Stamping the legend "Confidential" on the cover of any multi-page document shall designate all pages of the document as confidential, unless otherwise indicated by the designating party, but only if the entire document is produced in a bound or otherwise intact manner.
(b) Designation of a deposition or other pretrial testimony, or portions thereof, as "Confidential" shall be made by a statement on the record by counsel for the party or other person making the claim of confidentiality at the time of such testimony. The portions of depositions so designated as "Confidential" shall be taken only in the presence of persons qualified to receive such information pursuant to the terms of this Protective Order: the parties and their attorneys and staff, the court reporter, videographer, the deponent, and the deponent's attorney. Failure of any other person to comply with a request to leave the deposition room will constitute sufficient justification for the witness to refuse to answer any question calling for disclosure of Confidential Information so long as persons not entitled by this Protective Order to have access to such information are in attendance. The parties may instruct the court reporter to segregate such portions of the deposition in a separate transcript designated as "Confidential." Portions of such deposition transcripts shall be clearly marked as "Confidential" on the cover or on each page, as appropriate.
(c) Any party may designate documents produced or portions of depositions taken as containing Confidential Information even if not initially marked as "Confidential" in accordance with the terms of this Protective Order by so advising counsel for each other party in writing and by reproducing said documents with the required confidential designation. Thereafter each such document or transcript shall be treated in accordance with the terms of this Protective Order; provided, however, that there shall be no liability for any disclosure or use of such document(s) or transcript(s), or the Confidential Information contained therein, which occurred prior to actual receipt of such written notice. Any person who receives actual notice of any such designation of previously produced documents or deposition transcripts as containing Confidential Information shall thereafter treat such information as if it had been designated as "Confidential" at the time he, she, or it first received it in connection with this matter.
(d) Inadvertent failure to designate Confidential Information shall not be construed as a waiver, in whole or in part, and may be corrected by the producing party designating any document(s) produced or portions of any deposition(s) taken as containing Confidential Information even if not initially marked as "Confidential" in accordance with the terms of this Protective Order and, specifically, subsection 2(c) above.
III.LIMITATIONS ON DISCLOSURE OF CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
(a) No Confidential Information shall be disclosed by anyone receiving such information to anyone other than those persons designated herein and in no event shall Confidential Information be used, either directly or indirectly, by anyone receiving such information for any business, commercial, or competitive purpose or for any purpose whatsoever other than the direct furtherance of the litigation of this action in accordance with the provisions of this Protective Order.
(b) Confidential Information shall not be disclosed by any person who has received such information through discovery in this ...