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Antonio Dawon Woodley v. Fcc Penitentiary

November 1, 2011

ANTONIO DAWON WOODLEY, PLAINTIFF,
v.
FCC PENITENTIARY, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: John E. Mcdermott United States Magistrate Judge

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER DISMISSING SECOND AMENDED COMPLAINT WITH LEAVE TO AMEND

On July 22, 2011, Antonio Dawon Woodley ("Plaintiff"), a federal prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis, filed a civil rights complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1983 ("Complaint").

On August 10, 2011, the Court issued a Memorandum and Order Dismissing Complaint With Leave to Amend.

On September 8, 2011, Plaintiff filed a First Amended Complaint ("FAC").

On September 19, 2011, the Court issued a Memorandum and Order Dismissing First Amended Complaint With Leave to Amend.

On October 21, 2011, Plaintiff filed a Second Amended Complaint ("SAC").

SCREENING STANDARDS

In accordance with the provisions governing in forma pauperis proceedings, the Court must screen the SAC before ordering service to determine whether the action: (1) is frivolous or malicious; (2) fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted; or (3) seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2). This screening is governed by the following standards:

A complaint may be dismissed as a matter of law for failure to state a claim for two reasons: (1) the plaintiff fails to state a cognizable legal theory; or (2) the plaintiff has alleged insufficient facts under a cognizable legal theory. Balistreri v. Pacifica Police Dep't, 901 F.2d 696, 699 (9th Cir. 1990). In determining whether a complaint states a claim on which relief may be granted, allegations of material fact are taken as true and construed in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. Love v. United States, 915 F.2d 1242, 1245 (9th Cir. 1988). However, "the liberal pleading standard . . . applies only to a plaintiff's factual allegations." Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 330 n.9 (1989). "'[A] liberal interpretation of a civil rights complaint may not supply essential elements of the claim that were not initially pled.'" Bruns v. Nat'l Credit Union Admin., 122 F.3d 1251, 1257 (9th Cir. 1997) (quoting Ivey v. Bd. of Regents, 673 F.2d 266, 268 (9th Cir. 1982)).

Although a complaint "does not need detailed factual allegations" to survive dismissal, a plaintiff must provide "more than mere labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do." Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007) (rejecting the traditional "no set of facts" standard set forth in Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41 (1957)). The complaint must contain factual allegations sufficient to rise above the "speculative level" (Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555), or the merely possible or conceivable. Id. at 557, 570.

Simply put, the complaint must contain "enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Id. at 570. A claim has facial plausibility when the complaint presents enough facts "to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, ___U.S. ___, 129 S. Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009). This standard is not a probability requirement, but "it asks for more than a sheer possibility that a defendant has acted unlawfully." Id. A complaint that pleads facts that are merely consistent with liability stops short of the line between possibility and plausibility. Id.

In a pro se civil rights case, the complaint must be construed liberally to afford plaintiff the benefit of any doubt. Karim-Panahi v. Los Angeles Police Dept, 839 F.2d 621, 623 (9th Cir. 1988). Before dismissing a pro se civil rights complaint for failure to state a claim, the plaintiff should be given a statement of the complaint's deficiencies and an opportunity to cure. Id. Only if it is absolutely clear that the deficiencies cannot be cured by amendment should the complaint be dismissed without leave to amend. Id. at 623; see also Cato v. United States, 70 F.3d 1103, 1106 (9th Cir. 1995).

After careful review and consideration of the SAC under the relevant standards and for the reasons discussed below, the Court finds that plaintiff has failed to state a claim on which relief may be granted and ORDERS theSAC DISMISSED WITH LEAVE TO AMEND.

PLAINTIFF'S ALLEGATIONS

Initial Complaint In his initial Complaint, Plaintiff claimed that he was forced to endure unsanitary prison conditions, including a filthy cell without a functioning toilet and a lack of adequate clothing, bedding, food, showers, and exercise. It appeared that these deprivations occurred at various times in April 2011. Plaintiff alleged an incident of excessive force that took place on or about April 3, 2011. Plaintiff also claimed that he was denied adequate law library access, but he provided no details regarding his need for the law library or the duration and extent to which he was denied access. (Complaint at 4-5A.)

Plaintiff sought financial compensation and removal from "the west coast western region." (Complaint at 6.)

First Amended Complaint The FAC omits nearly all of the factual allegations that were set forth in the initial Complaint. In the FAC, Plaintiff alleges that, between April 1 and 13, 2011, Defendants Mason, Leyvas, and Grafton used excessive force against him. (FAC at 3.) There are no specific facts alleged regarding the excessive force incident. He also alleges that Defendant Grafton took his bedding and clothing on a daily basis leaving Plaintiff without them for 15 hours per day, that Defendants Mendoza and an unknown ...


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