This matter is before the court on the motion of defendant Select Portfolio Servicing, Inc. ("SPS" or "defendant") to expunge plaintiff Melanie I. Cornell's ("plaintiff") lis pendens. Plaintiff opposes the motion. For the reasons set forth below,*fn1 defendant's motion to expunge lis pendens is GRANTED.
Plaintiffs brought this action in the Superior Court of California for the County of
Nevada against defendant for conduct arising out of a mortgage loan. Thereafter, plaintiff also filed a Notice of Pendency of Action with the state court with respect to the property at issue in the complaint, which is located at 23629 Fagerlie Road, Auburn, California 95602. On May 31, 2011, defendant removed the case to this court on the basis of diversity jurisdiction.
Shortly after removing the case to federal court, defendant filed a motion to dismiss plaintiffs' complaint. On September 8, 2011, the court dismissed plaintiff's complaint in its entirety for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. Specifically, the court held that plaintiffs claims were not ripe, and thus, not fit for adjudication in accordance with Article III of the United States Constitution. Plaintiff has since appealed dismissal of her complaint.*fn2
Defendant SPS moves to expunge plaintiff's Notice of Pendency of Action ("lis pendens") on the Fagerlie Road property. Specifically, defendant asserts that because the court dismissed plaintiff's complaint and plaintiff failed to establish a real property claim, the property should no longer be encumbered by the lis pendens. Plaintiff contends that because the court dismissed her complaint for lack of ripeness, the court does not have subject matter jurisdiction to hear defendant's claim that the lis pendens should be expunged.*fn3
Federal courts look to state law in matters pertaining to lis pendens. See 28 U.S.C. § 1964. Under California Code of Civil Procedure § 405.20, "[a] party to an action who asserts a real property claim may record a notice of pendency of action, [a lis pendens], in which that real property claim is alleged." The effect of a lis pendens "is that anyone acquiring an interest in the property after the action was filed will be bound by the judgment." BGJ Assocs., LLC v. Superior Court, 75 Cal. App. 4th 952, 966 (2d Dist. 1999). "Once a lis pendens is filed, it clouds the title and effectively prevents the property's transfer until the litigation is resolved or the lis pendens is expunged." Id. at 967.
"At any time after notice of pendency of action has been recorded, any party . . . may apply to the court in which the action is pending to expunge the notice." Cal. Code Civ. Proc. § 405.30. Further, as provided by California Code of Civil Procedure §§ 405.31 and 405.32, a court shall order that the notice be expunged if (1) "the court finds that the pleading on which the notice is based does not contain a real property claim"; or (2) "the court finds that the claimant has not established by a preponderance of the evidence the probable validity of the real property claim." Plaintiff bears the burden of coming forward with evidence establishing that the pending action involves a real property claim and that such claim is valid. Cal. Code Civ. Proc. § 405.30.
In this case, plaintiff's contention that the court lacks jurisdiction over defendant's motion to expunge plaintiff's lis pendens is unavailing. Specifically, the court ruled that it did not have subject matter jurisdiction over plaintiff's claims for quiet title, injunctive relief and wrongful conversion. That decision, however, is wholly unrelated to the court's power to expunge the lis pendens after dismissal of the action. Indeed, if plaintiff's position were valid, any person could hypothetically cloud title in perpetuity by maintaining a lis pendens on real property even after the claims upon which the lis pendens is filed have been dismissed and are no longer pending. The purpose of a lis pendens, however, is to give "constructive notice that an action has been filed affecting title or right to possession of the real property described in the notice." BGJ Assocs., LLC, 75 Cal. App. 4th at 966. Once that action has been dismissed, the lis pendens serves no purpose, and thus, must be expunged.
As a result of the court's outright dismissal of plaintiff's claims, she is left without a real property claim and cannot establish the probable validity of such a claim in this case. Accordingly, defendant SPS's motion to expunge the lis pendens is GRANTED. Moreover, while California Code of Civil Procedure § 405.31 permits an award of attorneys' fees in connection with expungement of lis pendens, the court declines to award attorneys' fees in this case because defendant has failed to convincingly demonstrate that plaintiff acted without substantial justification in this litigation or in recording the lis pendens.
For the foregoing reasons, defendant SPS's motion to expunge the lis pendens (ECF 43) is GRANTED, and plaintiff's lis pendens is hereby expunged from the public record. Specifically, the lis pendens as to the property located at 23629 Fagerlie Road, Auburn, California 95602 and recorded in the Nevada County Recorder's ...