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Gabriel Enriquez v. Michael Martel

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA-WESTERN DIVISION


November 14, 2011

GABRIEL ENRIQUEZ,
PETITIONER,
v.
MICHAEL MARTEL, WARDEN (A), RESPONDENT.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: George H. King United States District Judge

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER DISMISSING PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS

I. BACKGROUND

On November 1, 2011, pro se petitioner, in state custody, filed a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus by a Person in State Custody ("Petition") herein. In his Petition, petitioner challenges his sentence resulting from his 1996 conviction for possession of cocaine, misdemeanor possession of drug paraphernalia, and misdemeanor assault. (Petition at 2). As best the Court can glean from petitioner's allegations, the Petition solely alleges that petitioner received an unfair sentence (25 years to life) for the possession of a small amount of cocaine. (Petition, Attachment at 1, 5-6, 8-19).

II. DISCUSSION

On August 30, 1999, petitioner filed a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus herein (Case Number CV 99-8573-GHK (SH)). On September 24, 1999, petitioner filed a First Amended Petition. In that habeas petition, petitioner challenged the same 1996 conviction and sentence. On October 22, 2001, the district court denied that habeas petition with prejudice, in accordance with the conclusions and recommendations of the Magistrate Judge, as amplified by the district's court's Order Adopting the Report and Recommendation. On February 4, 2002, the district court denied petitioner's request for a certificate of appealability. On October 18, 2002, the Ninth Circuit denied petitioner's request for a certificate of appealability.

The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 ("AEDPA"), enacted on April 24, 1996, provides in pertinent part that:

(a) No circuit or district judge shall be required to entertain an application for a writ of habeas corpus to inquire into the detention of a person pursuant to a judgment of a court of the United States if it appears that the legality of such detention has been determined by a judge or court of the United States on a prior application for a writ of habeas corpus, except as provided in §2255.

(b)(1) A claim presented in a second or successive habeas corpus application under section 2254 that was presented in a prior application shall be dismissed.

(2) A claim presented in a second or successive habeas corpus application under section 2254 that was not presented in a prior application shall be dismissed unless--

(A) the applicant shows that the claim relies on a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable; or

(B)(i) the factual predicate for the claim could not have been discovered previously through the exercise of due diligence; and

(ii) the facts underlying the claim, if proven and viewed in light of the evidence as a whole, would be sufficient to establish by clear and convincing evidence that, but for constitutional error, no reasonable fact finder would have found the applicant guilty of the underlying offense.

(3)(A) Before a second or successive application permitted by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the application.

(B) A motion in the court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider a second or successive application shall be determined by a three-judge panel of the court of appeals.

(C) The court of appeals may authorize the filing of a second or successive application only if it determines that the application makes a prima facie showing that the application satisfies the requirements of this subsection.

(D) The court of appeals shall grant or deny the authorization to file a second or successive application not later than 30 days after the filing of the motion.

(E) The grant or denial of an authorization by a court of appeals to file a second or successive application shall not be appealable and shall not be the subject of a Petition for Rehearing or for a Writ of Certiorari.

(4) A district court shall dismiss any claim presented in a second or successive application that the court of appeals has authorized to be filed unless the applicant shows that the claim satisfies the requirements of this section. 28 U.S.C. § 2244.

28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3) "creates a 'gatekeeping' mechanism for the consideration of second or successive applications in district court. The prospective applicant must file in the court of appeals a motion for leave to file a second or successive habeas application in the district court. § 2244(b)(3)(A)." Felker v. Turpin, 518 U.S. 651, 657, 116 S.Ct. 2333, 135 L.Ed 2d 827 (1996).

The instant Petition is a successive habeas corpus petition. The instant Petition was filed on November 1, 2011, well after the effective date of the AEDPA. Therefore, petitioner was required to obtain authorization from the Court of Appeals before filing the present Petition. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A). It appears that no such authorization has been obtained in this case. Thus, the Petition should be dismissed for that reason.

III. ORDER

ACCORDINGLY, IT IS ORDERED that the Petition be dismissed.

Presented by: Dated: November 9, 2011 STEPHEN J. HILLMAN UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

20111114

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