UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
November 15, 2011
WILLIAM CECIL THORNTON,
SONNY PEREZ, ET AL.,
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Jennifer L. Thurston United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER GRANTING PLAINTIFF'S MOTION TO FILE A SECOND AMENDED COMPLAINT (Doc. 15)
Plaintiff William Cecil Thornton, a state prisoner filed his first amended complaint alleging violations of his civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 on November 3, 2011. (Doc. 13.) Now pending before the Court is Plaintiff's November 10, 2011 motion to amend his complaint. (Doc. 15.)
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15(a)(2) instructs courts to "freely give leave [to amend] when justice so requires." Four factors commonly used by courts to determine the propriety of a motion to amend are: (1) bad faith, (2) undue delay, (3) prejudice to the opposing party, and (4) futility of the amendment. See Eminence Capital, LLC v. Aspeon, Inc., 316 F.3d 1048, 1051-52 (9th Cir. 2003) (citing Forman v. Davis, 371 U.S. 178, 182 (1962)). Of these factors, the potential for prejudice to the opposing party "carries the greatest weight." Eminence Capital, LLC, 316 F.3d at 1052. The burden of showing prejudice falls on the party opposing amendment. DCD Programs, Ltd. v. Leighton, 833 F.2d 183, 187 (9th Cir. 1987). Absent prejudice, or a strong showing of any of the remaining factors, "there exists a presumption under Rule 15(a) in favor of granting leave to amend." Eminence Capital, LLC, 316 F.3d at 1052 (emphasis in the original).
Applying these factors to this case, the Court finds that Plaintiff should be granted leave to amend. There is no evidence of bad faith or undue delay on the part of Plaintiff or that Defendant will be prejudiced by the amendment. The Court has not yet screened Plaintiff's first amended complaint and so defendants have not yet been served with the complaint. In addition, the Court finds that amendment of Plaintiff's complaint will not be futile. "[A] proposed amendment is futile only if no set of facts can be proved under the amendment to the pleadings that would constitute a valid and sufficient . . . defense." Miller v. Rykoff-Sexton, Inc., 845 F.2d 209, 214 (9th Cir. 1988) (citations omitted). Here, though Plaintiff's motion does not provide sufficient facts regarding the nature of the newly proposed claim, the Court cannot determine whether amendment would be futile. Thus in light of the presumption afforded under Rule 15(a) in favor of granting leave to amend, the Court will GRANT Plaintiff's motion.
If Plaintiff amends, he is required to file a second amended complaint that is complete within itself without reference to any other pleadings. Forsyth v. Humana, Inc., 114 F.3d 1467, 1474 (9th Cir. 1997); King v. Atiyeh, 814 F.2d 565, 567 (9th Cir. 1987); Local Rule 220. Further, Plaintiff is notified that "[u]nrelated claims against different defendants belong in different suits, not only to prevent the sort of morass [a multiple claim, multiple defendant] suit produce[s], but also to ensure that prisoners pay the required filing fees-for the Prison Litigation Reform Act limits to 3 the number of frivolous suits or appeals that any prisoner may file without prepayment of the required fees. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g)." George v. Smith, 507 F.3d 605, 607 (7th Cir. 2007); Fed. R. Civ. P. 18. Plaintiff will not be permitted to proceed with a "mishmash of a complaint," George, 507 F.3d at 607, and he is cautioned that if his second amended complaint fails to comply with Rule 18(a), the Court will dismiss the unrelated claims.
Accordingly, it is HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. Plaintiff's motion to amend is GRANTED; and
2. If Plaintiff wishes to file a second amended complaint, he must file one document setting forth all of his claims; and
3. The Clerk's Office shall send Plaintiff a blank complaint form.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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