IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
November 21, 2011
FRESNO POLICE DEPARTMENT, ET AL., DEFENDANTS .
ORDER FOR ADDITIONAL BRIEFING TO BE FILED BY DECEMBER 9, 2011
Currently pending before the Court is Defendants' motion for
summary judgment. In Defendants' reply in support of their motion,
they request that the Court strike two declarations pursuant to
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 37(c)(1). *fn1
See Court's Docket Doc. No. 79 at p. 2. The declarations
at issue were filed as exhibits to Plaintiff's opposition brief, and
purport to be made by Lamont White and Camilla/Camella Jones,
*fn2 witnesses to the events alleged in
Plaintiff's complaint. See id. at Doc. No. 78. Defendants argue that
Plaintiff failed to identify the
witnesses and disclose their declarations and contact information
in discovery, or failed to supplement his discovery responses when he
learned of such information. During Plaintiff's deposition on
September 17, 2010, he testified that he no longer had a friendship
with Lamont White, no longer communicated with Mr. White, and did not
know where Mr. White resided. See Pl.'s Depo. at 76:9-15. Plaintiff
was also asked if he knew of any witnesses who saw what happened. Id.
at 98:19-20. Plaintiff identified only "Shamika" and "a little kid"
named "Augie." Id. at 98:21, 99:13-21. Defendants also propounded
special interrogatories requesting that Plaintiff identify all
documents and individuals with knowledge of the facts supporting his
contentions. See Suppl. Camarena Decl., Ex. I. On November 30, 2010,
Plaintiff responded to each special interrogatory as follows: "After a
reasonable search and diligent inquiry, Responding Party does not have
information responsive to this request."
Nevertheless, Plaintiff attached to his opposition brief the White declaration, dated October 27, 2010, and the Jones Declaration, dated December 7, 2010. See Doc. No. 78, Exs. A, G. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(a) requires initial witness disclosures, and Rule 26(e) requires that a party supplement his initial disclosures and discovery responses if he learns that in some material respect the disclosure or response is incomplete or incorrect. Rule 37(c)(1) provides: "If a party fails to provide information or identify a witness as required by Rule 26(a) or (e), the party is not allowed to use that information or witness to supply evidence on a motion, at a hearing, or at trial, unless the failure was substantially justified or is harmless."
The Court believes that Plaintiff is entitled to respond to Defendants' arguments with additional briefing on the issue of whether his failure to disclose the declarations and witness information was substantially justified or was harmless. The court will take this issue under submission and thereafter issue its decision on Defendants' motion for summary judgment.
Accordingly, the court ORDERS that:
1. On or before December 9, 2011, Plaintiff SHALL provide Defendants with contact information for Mr. White and Ms. Jones; and
2. On or before December 9, 2011, Plaintiff SHALL file a surreply to address the issue of whether his failure to disclose the White and Jones declarations and witness contact information to Defendants was substantially justified or was harmless.
3. Plaintiff is forewarned that if he does not file a surreply by December 9, 2011, the Court will strike the White and Jones Declarations and will thereafter issue its decision on Defendants' motion for summary judgment.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE