UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
December 12, 2011
ANDREW KWASI DONKOR, PETITIONER,
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA; ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER; EDMUND G. BROWN, JR.; CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS AND REHABILITATION; CALIFORNIA BOARD OF PRISON TERMS; CALIFORNIA BOARD OF PAROLE; CAPTAIN RUBEN; PAUL R. BABEU; KATRINA S. KANE; ERIC H. HOLDER, JR.; JANE NAPOLITANO; SHERRI R. CARTER; RAYMOND PLACENTIA; OFFICER GOLDSTEIN; OFFICER WESTON; JOSEPH MORRIS; DETECTIVE BOB BACKES; INVESTIGATOR MELVIN VANCE; ROD PACHECO; VICKI M. HIGHTOWER; LETICIA BELTRAN; AND SARAH MORENO, RESPONDENTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: George H. WU United States District Judge
ORDER SUMMARILY DISMISSING ACTION FOR LACK OF SUBJECT MATTER JURISDICTION
Petitioner is currently in the custody of the Department of Homeland Security, Immigration, and Customs Enforcement incarcerated at the Pinal County Jail in Florence, Arizona. On October 13, 2011, petitioner filed a document entitled "Motion for Immediate Release in Support of All Writs Act, 28 USC § 1651 and 28 USC § 2241 and 2242 Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus" herein, which the Court construed as a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus by a Person in Federal Custody pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. On November 4, 2011, petitioner filed an "Amended Petition" pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 ("FAP").
Insofar as the Court can glean, the FAP appears to be challenging petitioner's immigration removal proceedings based upon his contention that his underlying California state court convictions were improperly considered for purposes of his immigration proceedings. Petitioner also appears to be alleging that certain individuals violated his civil rights during the immigration removal proceedings and purports to seek relief under Bivens v. Six Unknown Federal Narcotics Agents, 403 U.S. 388, 91 S. Ct. 1999, 29 L. Ed. 2d 619 (1971).*fn1
For the reasons discussed hereafter, this action is subject to dismissal because the Court lacks jurisdiction to consider this action.
I. The Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction.
As explained, petitioner appears to be primarily seeking to challenge his immigration removal proceedings. However, the Court lacks jurisdiction in this action because petitioner's claims appear to directly challenge his underlying immigration removal order.
The REAL ID Act of 2005*fn2 eliminates district court habeas jurisdiction over orders of removal in immigration proceedings and vests jurisdiction to review such orders exclusively in the courts of appeals. See Momeni v. Chertoff, 521 F.3d 1094, 1095-96 (9th Cir. 2008); see also 8 U.S.C. § 1252(a)(5) ("Notwithstanding any other provision of law . . . including section 2241 . . . a petition for review filed with an appropriate court of appeals in accordance with this section shall be the sole and exclusive means for judicial review of an order of removal entered or issued under any provision of this chapter."). Accordingly, the Real ID Act of 2005 divests this Court of jurisdiction to review petitioner's removal order and, therefore, the Court lacks jurisdiction over petitioner's claims.
The Court notes that, although the REAL ID Act of 2005 has eliminated the district court's jurisdiction in some respects, the district courts retain subject matter jurisdiction over 28 U.S.C. § 2241 petitions that do not involve final orders of removal. See Nadarajah v. Gonzales, 443 F.3d 1069, 1075-76 (9th Cir. 2006); see also Casas-Castrillon v. Dep't of Homeland Sec., 535 F.3d 942, 946 (9th Cir. 2008). Specifically, an alien detainee may be entitled to federal habeas corpus relief under
28 U.S.C. § 2241 if he has been subjected to prolonged and indefinite
detention as defined by the Supreme Court, see Zadvydas v. Davis, 533
U.S. 678, 687, 121 S. Ct. 2491, 150 L. Ed. 2d 653 (2001)*fn3
and/or he has not been provided an adequate
opportunity to contest the necessity of his continued detention
through the immigration removal proceedings, Casas-Castrillon, 535
F.3d at 950-51. As currently pled, the FAP does not appear to raise
such a claim.*fn4 To the extent petitioner believes
that he is entitled to relief on this basis, he may file another writ
of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241, provided that he
addresses this claim in a simple, concise, and direct manner so that
the Court and respondents are provided adequate notice of such
II. Petitioner has not adequately alleged a civil rights claim.
Petitioner also appears to be alleging various civil rights violations purportedly pursuant to Bivens. For instance, it appears petitioner is alleging violations under the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments because he was allegedly arrested for an immigration violation pursuant to an improper arrest warrant. (FAP at 8.)
To the extent petitioner believes he has a basis for a civil rights claim, his appropriate recourse would be to file a civil rights complaint alleging such. Petitioner is reminded of the pleading requirement in Fed. R. Civ. P. 8, which requires a short and plain statement identifying his claims and providing simple, concise, and direct factual allegations supporting these claims. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 8. Petitioner should omit any irrelevant and unnecessary facts and duplicative or unsupported claims. As currently alleged, petitioner's allegations fall woefully short of meeting these pleading standards. Most of his allegations are legal conclusions. The few factual allegations are vague and incomplete. Presently, the Court cannot ascertain the basis for a civil rights violation. See McHenry v. Renne, 84 F.3d 1172, 1179 (9th Cir. 1996) ("Prolix, confusing complaints . . . impose unfair burdens on litigants and judges.").
Moreover, the Ninth Circuit has recently held that an alien may not sue federal agents under Bivens for wrongful detention pending removal. Mirmehdi v. United States, -- F.3d --, 2011 WL 5222884, *4 (9th Cir. 2011). In Mirmehdi, following removal proceedings that resulted in the plaintiffs' release from detention, the plaintiffs brought an action seeking monetary damages based, in part, on their unlawful detention. After the district court dismissed almost all of the plaintiffs' claims, the plaintiffs appealed. Among other things, the plaintiffs appealed the dismissal of their claim against two federal agents based on wrongful detention under Bivens. Id. at *1. The Ninth Circuit declined to extend Bivens to allow the plaintiffs to sue the federal agents for wrongful detention pending deportation, concluding that Congress has established extensive remedial procedures in the immigration system itself and the unique foreign policy considerations implicated in the immigration context counseled against extending Bivens. Id. at *4. As such, the Ninth Circuit has significantly limited the circumstances under which an alien may pursue a Bivens action based on removal proceedings.
For the foregoing reasons, IT IS ORDERED that this action be summarily dismissed without prejudice.
LET JUDGMENT BE ENTERED ACCORDINGLY.
Presented by: David T. Bristow United States Magistrate Judge