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James E. Bowell v. California Department of Corrections

December 12, 2011



Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding pro se in this civil rights action for relief pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. This action is proceeding on claims raised in plaintiff's amended complaint, filed June 14, 2010, including a claim that on December 3, 2009, defendant T. Smith subjected plaintiff to the excessive use of force and threatened to have him murdered. See Amended Complaint, filed June 14, 2010 (Doc. No. 16), at 9. This matter is before the court on the motion of defendant Smith for dismissal pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b) due to plaintiff's failure to exhaust his administrative remedies prior to filing suit.*fn1 On November 3, 2010, the court advised plaintiff of the requirements for opposing a motion to dismiss for failure to exhaust administrative remedies. See Wyatt v. Terhune, 305 F.3d 1033 (9th Cir. 2002).


The exhaustion of administrative remedies prior to bringing a prisoner civil rights action is required by 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). The statute provides:

No action shall be brought with respect to prison conditions under [42 U.S.C. § 1983], or any other Federal law, by a prisoner confined in any jail, prison, or other correctional facility until such administrative remedies as are available are exhausted.

42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). The exhaustion requirement that the statute imposes is mandatory. Booth v. Churner, 532 U.S. 731, 741 (2001). Claims raised in a complaint must be exhausted before the complaint is filed. See Rhodes v. Robinson, 621 F.3d 1002, 1005 (9th Cir. 2010). Compliance with the statute is not achieved by exhausting existing claims during the course of an action. See Rhodes at 1004 (citing McKinney v. Carey, 311 F.3d 1198, 1199 (9th Cir. 2002)). Claims dismissed for failure to exhaust administrative remedies should be dismissed without prejudice. McKinney, 311 F.3d at 1200.

California's Department of Corrections provides a four-step grievance process for prisoners who seek review of an administrative decision or perceived mistreatment. Within fifteen working days of "the event or decision being appealed," the inmate must ordinarily file an "informal" appeal, through which "the appellant and staff involved in the action or decision attempt to resolve the grievance informally." Cal.Code Regs., tit. 15, §§ 3084.5(a), 3084.6(c). [Footnote omitted.] If the issue is not resolved during the informal appeal, the grievant next proceeds to the first formal appeal level, usually conducted by the prison's Appeals Coordinator. Id. §§ 3084.5(b), 3084.6(c). Next are the second level, providing review by the institution's head or a regional parole administrator, and the third level, in which review is conducted by a designee of the Director of the Department of Corrections. [Footnote omitted.] Id. § 3084.5(e)(1)-(2).

Brown v. Valoff, 422 F.3d 926, 929-30 (9th Cir. 2005).

The record in this case contains the following evidence relevant to the motion at bar. On January 8, 2010, plaintiff filed an inmate grievance relating to the alleged events of December 3, 2009 that form the basis of his claim against defendant Smith. See Ex. to Opposition to Smith's Motion to Dismiss, filed August 4, 2011(Doc. No. 49), at 17; see also Ex. B to Declaration of P. Statti in Support of Defendant Smith's Motion to Dismiss (hereinafter "Statti Declaration"), filed June 22, 2011 (Doc. No. 46-3). Plaintiff's inmate grievance was bypassed at the informal and the first formal levels of review by prison officials. See Ex. B to Statti Declaration. On January 29, plaintiff was notified that his inmate appeal would be handled as a staff complaint. Id. On March 8, 2010, plaintiff received a response to the staff complaint at the first level of administrative review. Id. In that response, plaintiff was informed as follows:

[a]llegations of staff misconduct do not limit or restrict the availability of further relief via the inmate appeals process. If you wish to appeal the decision, you must submit your staff complaint appeal through all levels of appeal review up to, and including, the Director's Level of Review. Once a decision has been rendered at the Director's Level of Review your administrative remedies will be considered exhausted.


On March 19, 2010, plaintiff submitted his inmate appeal to the second formal level of review. Statti Declaration at ¶ 6. That inmate appeal was ultimately cancelled at the second level of review on April 14, 2010, id.; see also Ex. C to Statti Declaration, and rejected at the Director's Level of Review based on the cancellation at the second level of administrative review. See Letter dated May 25, 2010, attached to Amended Complaint (Doc. No. 16), at 63.

This action was opened on February 16, 2010 with plaintiff's filing of a complaint signed and dated on February 10, 2010. That complaint included the allegations against defendant Smith that are also included in the amended complaint upon which this action is proceeding. See Complaint, filed February 16, 2010 (Doc. No. 1), at 8. Plaintiff's amended complaint is dated June 8, 2010 and was entered on the docket in this action on June 14, 2010.

Plaintiff's claim against defendant Smith was included in his original complaint, which was filed with the court in February 2010. Although plaintiff had filed an inmate grievance raising his claim against defendant Smith prior to filing this action, he had not yet received a response to that grievance at the first administrative level of review when he filed this civil action. In fact, plaintiff did not receive a response from prison officials at the first level of administrative review until March 8, 2010, several weeks after he had filed this civil action. For that reason, plaintiff failed to exhaust administrative remedies with respect to his claim against defendant Smith prior to bringing this action. As noted above, "a prisoner must exhaust his administrative remedies for the claims contained within his complaint before that complaint is tendered to the district court." Rhodes, 621 ...

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