Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636, the Court has reviewed the Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus by a Person in State Custody (the "Petition"), all of the records herein, including the attached Report and Recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge ("Report and Recommendation"), and petitioner's objections to the Report and Recommendation ("Objections"). The Court has further made a de novo determination of those portions of the Report and Recommendation to which objection is made. The Court concurs with and adopts the findings, conclusions, and recommendations of the United States Magistrate Judge and overrules the Objections.*fn1
Petitioner's Objections, construed liberally, assert that the use of petitioner's prior juvenile adjudications as strikes to enhance petitioner's sentence violated petitioner's federal constitutional rights because juvenile adjudications under California law "hardly afford the juvenile due process in the sense that hearings on petitions satisfy the reasonable doubt standard mandated by the Fourteenth Amendment." (Objections at 3). The standard of proof beyond a reasonable doubt applies to juvenile adjudications, as does the right to fair notice of charges. See In re Winship, 397 U.S. 358, 368 (1970); In re Eddie M., 31 Cal. 4th 480, 501 (2003). These rights have been recognized to exist in California juvenile proceedings since well before petitioner's two 1990 juvenile adjudications at issue. See, e.g., In re Scott K., 24 Cal. 3d 395, 401 n. 4 (juveniles are entitled to "a variety of rights of defendants in criminal proceedings, including the requirement of proof beyond a reasonable doubt, the prohibition against double jeopardy, the rights to notice, counsel, confrontation and cross-examination, and not to incriminate oneself, and the protection against coerced confessions") (internal citations omitted), cert. denied, 444 U.S. 973 (1979). Here, the record reflects that petitioner had notice of the juvenile charges against him and admitted them. (CT 113, 142-49). Aside from petitioner's challenge to the absence of a right to jury trial in juvenile adjudications, which was properly rejected in the Report and Recommendation, petitioner's general allegation that juvenile adjudications in California do not satisfy due process is not sufficiently specific to warrant habeas relief and in any event, is unsupported. See Jones v. Gomez, 66 F.3d 199, 204 (9th Cir. 1995) ("It is well-settled that '[c]onclusory allegations' which are not supported by a statement of specific facts do not warrant habeas relief.").*fn2
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk serve copies of this Order, the Report and Recommendation, and the Judgment herein on petitioner and counsel for respondent.