The opinion of the court was delivered by: Alicia G. Rosenberg United States Magistrate Judge
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Emanuel Clayton, Jr. ("Clayton") filed this action on December 1, 2010. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c), the parties consented to proceed before the magistrate judge on December 13 and 27, 2010. (Dkt. Nos. 8, 9.) On August 5, 2011, the parties filed a Joint Stipulation ("JS") that addressed the disputed issues. The court has taken the matter under submission without oral argument.
Having reviewed the entire file, the court affirms the decision of the Commissioner.
On July 27, 2007, Clayton filed an application for supplemental security income benefits alleging an onset date of June 1, 1999.*fn1 AR 11-21. The application was denied initially and upon reconsideration. AR 11, 86-90, 99-103. Clayton requested a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ"). AR 106. On June 29, 2009, the ALJ conducted a hearing at which Clayton, a medical expert, and a vocational expert testified. AR 37-64. On December 22, 2009, the ALJ issued a decision denying benefits. AR 8-21. On November 2, 2010, the Appeals Council denied the request for review. AR 1-3. This action followed.
Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), this Court reviews the Commissioner's decision to deny benefits. The decision will be disturbed only if it is not supported by substantial evidence, or if it is based upon the application of improper legal standards. Moncada v. Chater, 60 F.3d 521, 523 (9th Cir. 1995); Drouin v. Sullivan, 966 F.2d 1255, 1257 (9th Cir. 1992).
"Substantial evidence" means "more than a mere scintilla but less than a preponderance -- it is such relevant evidence that a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support the conclusion." Moncada, 60 F.3d at 523. In determining whether substantial evidence exists to support the Commissioner's decision, the Court examines the administrative record as a whole, considering adverse as well as supporting evidence. Drouin, 966 F.2d at 1257. When the evidence is susceptible to more than one rational interpretation, the Court must defer to the Commissioner's decision. Moncada, 60 F.3d at 523.
A person qualifies as disabled, and thereby eligible for such benefits, "only if his physical or mental impairment or impairments are of such severity that he is not only unable to do his previous work but cannot, considering his age, education, and work experience, engage in any other kind of substantial gainful work which exists in the national economy." Barnhart v. Thomas, 540 U.S. 20, 21-22, 124 S. Ct. 376, 157 L. Ed. 2d 333 (2003).
The ALJ found Clayton has the severe impairment of mild degenerative disc disease. AR 14. Clayton has the residual functional capacity ("RFC") to perform the full range of medium work. AR 15. He is capable of performing past relevant work as a hospital cleaner, fast food ...