The opinion of the court was delivered by: Howard R. Lloyd United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER THAT CASE BE REASSIGNED TO A DISTRICT COURT JUDGE REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION [Re: Docket No. 1]
On August 17, 2011, defendants Jonathan and Abraham Orcine (collectively, "Defendants"), 20 proceeding pro se, removed this case from Santa Clara County Superior Court. Docket No. 1 21 ("Notice of Removal"). Plaintiff Bay Valley Professional Center ("Bay Valley") moves to remand 22 and seeks immediate relief by requesting that the motion be heard one week after it was filed. Dkt. 23 Nos. 4, 5. Because none of the parties have consented to the undersigned's jurisdiction, this court is 24 unable to provide the dispositive relief sought. For the reasons stated below, the undersigned DENIES the Motion to Shorten Time, ORDERS that this case be reassigned to a district judge, and 26 RECOMMENDS that this action be summarily remanded to state court. 27
Santa Clara County Superior Court. Notice of Removal, Exh. A ("Complaint"). According to the 3 complaint, Bay Valley acquired the subject property, a San Jose residence, through a foreclosure 4 trustee's sale on September 12, 2011, in accordance with California Civil Code section 2924. Id. at ¶ 5
Defendants did not respond to the Notice, nor did they vacate the property. Id. at ¶ 7. 7
8 matter jurisdiction over the complaint. 28 U.S.C. § 1441. Removal jurisdiction can be based on 9 diversity of citizenship or on the existence of a federal question. Caterpillar Inc. v. Williams, 482 10 the face of the notice and any exhibits annexed thereto that removal should not be permitted, the court shallmake an order for summary remand." 28 U.S.C. § 1446(c)(4) (emphasis added). These 13 removal statutes are strictly construed against removal and place the burden on the defendant to 14 demonstrate that removal was proper. Moore-Thomas v. Alaska Airlines, Inc., 553 F.3d 1241, 1244 15
Here, defendants assert that removal is proper based on federal question jurisdiction. See Notice of Removal ¶ 6. Federal courts have original jurisdiction over civil actions "arising under the 18 Bay Valley filed this unlawful detainer action against defendants on October 18, 2011 in 4. On September 16, Bay Valley served defendants with a three-day Notice to Quit. Id. at ¶ 6. 6 Removal to federal court is proper where the federal court would have had original subject U.S. 386, 392 (1987). If, after a court's prompt review of a notice of removal, "it clearly appears on (9th Cir. 2009) (citing Gaus v. Miles, Inc., 980 F.2d 564, 566 (9th Cir. 1992)).
Constitution, laws, or treaties of the United States." 28 U.S.C. § 1331. A claim "arises under" 19 federal law if, based on the "well-pleaded complaint rule," the plaintiff alleges a federal cause of 20 action. Vaden v. Discovery Bank, 129 S. Ct. 1262, 1272 (2009). Alternatively, the complaint may 21 establish that the plaintiff's right to relief "necessarily depends on resolution of a substantial 22 question of federal law." Williston Basin Interstate Pipeline Co. v. An Exclusive Gas Storage 23
Laborers Vacation Trust, 463 U.S. 1, 27--28 (1983). Defenses and counterclaims asserting a federal 25 question do not satisfy this requirement. Discovery Bank, 129 S. Ct. at 1272. 26 27 federal Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act, 12 U.S.C. § 5220. Notice of Removal at ¶¶ 6-9. 28
However, the defendants raised this alleged violation in a demurrer, a responsive pleading, and -- as Leasehold & Easement, 524 F.3d 1090, 1100 (9th Cir. 2008) (quoting Franchise Tax Bd. v. Constr. 24 Defendants assert that Bay Valley's unlawful detainer claim fails because it violated the noted above -- only the complaint can provide the basis for federal question jurisdiction. Discovery 2
Bank, 129 S. Ct. at 1272. Bay Valley's complaint alleges only a cause of action for unlawful 3 detainer under California law; it does not allege any ...